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(:) Gross Margin %: 0.00% (As of . 20)

Gross Margin % is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. 's Gross Profit for the six months ended in . 20 was \$0.00 Mil. 's Revenue for the six months ended in . 20 was \$0.00 Mil. Therefore, 's Gross Margin % for the quarter that ended in . 20 was 0.00%.

had a gross margin of % for the quarter that ended in . 20 => No sustainable competitive advantage

The 5-Year average Growth Rate of Gross Margin for was % per year.

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

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Annual Data

 Gross Margin %

Semi-Annual Data

 Gross Margin %

Calculation

Gross Margin is the percentage of Gross Profit out of sales or Revenue.

's Gross Margin for the fiscal year that ended in . 20 is calculated as

 Gross Margin % (A: . 20 ) = Gross Profit (A: . 20 ) / Revenue (A: . 20 ) = 0 / = (Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue = ( - ) / = %

's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in . 20 is calculated as

 Gross Margin % (Q: . 20 ) = Gross Profit (Q: . 20 ) / Revenue (Q: . 20 ) = 0 / = (Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue = ( - ) / = %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.

Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin % because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin %

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

had a gross margin of % for the quarter that ended in . 20 => No sustainable competitive advantage

Be Aware

If a company loses its competitive advantages, usually its gross margin declines well before its sales declines. Watching Gross Margin % and Operating Margin % closely helps avoid value trap situations.

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