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Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Beneish M-Score

: 0.00 (As of Today)
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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

The historical rank and industry rank for Delaware Investments Natl Muniome's Beneish M-Score or its related term are showing as below:

During the past 11 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Delaware Investments Natl Muniome was 21.85. The lowest was -7.51. And the median was -3.74.


Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Beneish M-Score Historical Data

The historical data trend for Delaware Investments Natl Muniome's Beneish M-Score can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Annual Data
Trend Mar12 Mar13 Mar14 Mar15 Mar16 Mar17 Mar18 Mar19 Mar20 Mar21
Beneish M-Score
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -7.51 21.85 -3.51 -6.72 -

Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Semi-Annual Data
Mar12 Sep12 Mar13 Sep13 Mar14 Sep14 Mar15 Sep15 Mar16 Sep16 Mar17 Sep17 Mar18 Sep18 Mar19 Sep19 Mar20 Sep20 Mar21 Sep21
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - -6.72 - - -

Competitive Comparison

For the Asset Management subindustry, Delaware Investments Natl Muniome's Beneish M-Score, along with its competitors' market caps and Beneish M-Score data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Beneish M-Score Distribution

For the Asset Management industry and Financial Services sector, Delaware Investments Natl Muniome's Beneish M-Score distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Delaware Investments Natl Muniome's Beneish M-Score falls into.



Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Beneish M-Score Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Delaware Investments Natl Muniome for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * +0.528 * +0.404 * +0.892 * +0.115 *
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * +4.679 * -0.327 *
=

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

This Year (Mar21) TTM:Last Year (Mar20) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $ Mil.
Revenue was $ Mil.
Gross Profit was $ Mil.
Total Current Assets was $ Mil.
Total Assets was $ Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $ Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $ Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $ Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $ Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $ Mil.
Net Income was $ Mil.
Gross Profit was $ Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was $ Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $ Mil.
Revenue was $ Mil.
Gross Profit was $ Mil.
Total Current Assets was $ Mil.
Total Assets was $ Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $ Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $ Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $ Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $ Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $ Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Accounts Receivable in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=( / ) / ( / 0.195)
= /
=

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=( / 0.195) / ( / )
= /
=

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - ( + 0) / ) / (1 - ( + 0) / )
= /
=

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
= / 0.195
=

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(0 / (0 + 0)) / (0 / (0 + 0))
= /
=

Note: If the Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization data is not available, we assume that the depreciation rate is constant and set the Depreciation Index to 1.

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) to Sales in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=( / ) / ( / 0.195)
= /
=

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(( + ) / ) / (( + ) / )
= /
=

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=( - - ) /
=

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.


Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Beneish M-Score Related Terms

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Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Business Description

Delaware Investments Natl Muniome logo
Industry
Financial Services » Asset Management NAICS : 523920 SIC : 6799
Traded in Other Exchanges
N/A
Address
610 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 19106
Delaware Investments Natl Muni Income is a closed-end investment fund. The Fund seeks to provide current income exempt from regular federal income tax consistent with the preservation of capital.
Executives
Wells Fargo Bank N A 10 percent owner 101 NORTH PHILLIPS AVENUE SIOUX FALLS SD 57104
Toronto Dominion Holdings Usa Inc 10 percent owner 40 WALL STREET NEW YORK NY 10003
Toronto Dominion Bank 10 percent owner 66 WELLINGTON STREET WEST 15TH FLOOR, TD TOWER TORONTO, ONTARIO A6 M5K 1A2
Toronto Dominion Investments, Inc. 10 percent owner 909 FANIN SUITE 1950 HOUSTON TX 77010
Td Group Us Holdings Llc 10 percent owner 251 LITTLE FALLS DRIVE WILMINGTON DE 19808
Van Roden Jake officer: SVP/Portfolio Manager 2005 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19103
Wood Christianna director 330 OLD Y ROAD GOLDEN CO 80401
Abernathy Jerome director 2005 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19103
Lytle Shawn director, officer: Trustee C/O DELAWARE INVESTMENTS 2005 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19103
Borowiec Ann Dully director, officer: Board Member C/O DELAWARE INVESTMENTS 2005 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19103
Chow Joseph W director STATE STREET CORP 225 FRANKLIN ST BOSTON MA 02110
Whitford Thomas K director 249 FIFTH AVE P1-POPP-30-1 PITTSBURGH PA 15222
Gizzi Gregory A. officer: VP/Portfolio Manager C/O DELAWARE INVESTMENTS 2005 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19103
Sevilla-sacasa Frances Aldrich director 3 GREENWAY PLAZA SUITE 1300 HOUSTON TX 77046
Zecher Richard director 2 SUTTON PLACE SOUTH, 19A NEW YORK NY 10022

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