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Cintas Corp  (NAS:CTAS) Beneish M-Score: -2.30 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Cintas Corp has a M-score of -2.30 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

NAS:CTAS' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -2.93   Max: -2.01
Current: -2.3

-2.93
-2.01

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Cintas Corp was -2.01. The lowest was -2.93. And the median was -2.57.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Cintas Corp Annual Data

May08 May09 May10 May11 May12 May13 May14 May15 May16 May17
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.64 -2.72 -2.71 -2.16 -2.30

Cintas Corp Quarterly Data

Aug12 Nov12 Feb13 May13 Aug13 Nov13 Feb14 May14 Aug14 Nov14 Feb15 May15 Aug15 Nov15 Feb16 May16 Aug16 Nov16 Feb17 May17
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.16 -1.20 -2.29 -2.51 -2.30

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Cintas Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.2133+0.528 * 0.9799+0.404 * 1.4101+0.892 * 1.11+0.115 * 1.1027
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0308+4.679 * -0.0414-0.327 * 1.2562
=-2.30

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (May17) TTM:Last Year (May16) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $736 Mil.
Revenue was 1451.193 + 1281.135 + 1296.923 + 1294.13 = $5,323 Mil.
Gross Profit was 658.67 + 566.424 + 571.427 + 583.774 = $2,380 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,954 Mil.
Total Assets was $6,844 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,324 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $197 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,525 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,131 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $2,771 Mil.
Net Income was 84.235 + 118.005 + 140.377 + 138.091 = $481 Mil.
Non-Recurring Items was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 280.129 + 182.037 + 144.133 + 157.588 = $764 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $546 Mil.
Revenue was 1161.719 + 1216.083 + 1219.08 + 1198.89 = $4,796 Mil.
Gross Profit was 525.188 + 524.608 + 527.4 + 524.144 = $2,101 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,591 Mil.
Total Assets was $4,099 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $994 Mil.
(DDA) was $165 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,332 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $816 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $1,044 Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Accounts Receivable in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(736.008 / 5323.381) / (546.488 / 4795.772)
=0.1382595 / 0.11395204
=1.2133

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(2101.34 / 4795.772) / (2380.295 / 5323.381)
=0.43816512 / 0.4471397
=0.9799

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1954.478 + 1323.501) / 6844.057) / (1 - (1590.579 + 993.692) / 4098.815)
=0.52104738 / 0.36950777
=1.4101

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=5323.381 / 4795.772
=1.11

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(165.279 / (165.279 + 993.692)) / (196.595 / (196.595 + 1323.501))
=0.1426084 / 0.12933065
=1.1027

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of c in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1524.593 / 5323.381) / (1332.399 / 4795.772)
=0.28639562 / 0.27782785
=1.0308

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((2770.624 + 1130.852) / 6844.057) / ((1044.422 + 815.555) / 4098.815)
=0.57005311 / 0.45378408
=1.2562

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(480.708 - 0 - 763.887) / 6844.057
=-0.0414

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Cintas Corp has a M-score of -2.30 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


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