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Walker Greenbank Beneish M-Score

: -2.79 (As of Today)
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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Walker Greenbank has a M-score of -2.78 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

GREY:WKGBF' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -4.65   Med: -2.57   Max: -1.58
Current: -2.79

-4.65
-1.58

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Walker Greenbank was -1.58. The lowest was -4.65. And the median was -2.57.


Walker Greenbank Beneish M-Score Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Walker Greenbank Annual Data
Jan11 Jan12 Jan13 Jan14 Jan15 Jan16 Jan17 Jan18 Jan19 Jan20
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.57 -1.75 -2.04 -2.87 -2.79

Walker Greenbank Semi-Annual Data
Jul10 Jan11 Jul11 Jan12 Jul12 Jan13 Jul13 Jan14 Jul14 Jan15 Jul15 Jan16 Jul16 Jan17 Jul17 Jan18 Jul18 Jan19 Jul19 Jan20
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.04 0.00 -2.87 0.00 -2.79

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Walker Greenbank Beneish M-Score Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where Walker Greenbank's Beneish M-Score falls into.



Walker Greenbank Beneish M-Score Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Walker Greenbank for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0721+0.528 * 0.9753+0.404 * 0.8838+0.892 * 0.9967+0.115 * 0.9351
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0505+4.679 * -0.0431-0.327 * 1.2683
=-2.78

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Jan20) TTM:Last Year (Jan19) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $17.2 Mil.
Revenue was $145.7 Mil.
Gross Profit was $89.1 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $68.0 Mil.
Total Assets was $136.4 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $29.4 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $9.6 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $87.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $35.9 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $7.3 Mil.
Net Income was $4.9 Mil.
Gross Profit was $0.0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was $10.8 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $16.1 Mil.
Revenue was $146.2 Mil.
Gross Profit was $87.1 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $63.6 Mil.
Total Assets was $123.0 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $19.6 Mil.
(DDA) was $5.9 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $83.2 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $30.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $0.0 Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Accounts Receivable in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(17.18431372549 / 145.69019607843) / (16.081290322581 / 146.17548387097)
=0.11795106 / 0.11001359
=1.0721

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(87.145806451613 / 146.17548387097) / (89.057516339869 / 145.69019607843)
=0.59617252 / 0.61128009
=0.9753

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (68.044444444444 + 29.402614379085) / 136.42091503268) / (1 - (63.602580645161 + 19.647741935484) / 123.01290322581)
=0.28568828 / 0.3232391
=0.8838

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=145.69019607843 / 146.17548387097
=0.9967

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(5.8903225806452 / (5.8903225806452 + 19.647741935484)) / (9.6274509803922 / (9.6274509803922 + 29.402614379085))
=0.23064875 / 0.24666756
=0.9351

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) to Sales in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(87.103267973856 / 145.69019607843) / (83.192258064516 / 146.17548387097)
=0.59786637 / 0.56912593
=1.0505

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((7.3241830065359 + 35.907189542484) / 136.42091503268) / ((0 + 30.735483870968) / 123.01290322581)
=0.31689695 / 0.24985577
=1.2683

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(4.8666666666667 - 0 - 10.752941176471) / 136.42091503268
=-0.0431

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Walker Greenbank has a M-score of -2.78 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Walker Greenbank Beneish M-Score Headlines

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