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Shire Beneish M-Score

: 0.00 (As of Today)
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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Shire has a M-score of -2.27 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Shire was 0.00. The lowest was 0.00. And the median was 0.00.


Shire Beneish M-Score Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Shire Annual Data
Dec08 Dec09 Dec10 Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.69 -2.44 -2.45 -1.41 -2.35

Shire Quarterly Data
Dec13 Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.36 -2.35 -2.46 -2.44 -2.24

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Shire Beneish M-Score Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where Shire's Beneish M-Score falls into.



Shire Beneish M-Score Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Shire for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0658+0.528 * 0.9913+0.404 * 0.9774+0.892 * 1.0594+0.115 * 0.9266
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.8909+4.679 * 0.0076-0.327 * 0.8164
=-2.27

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Sep18) TTM:Last Year (Sep17) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $3,207 Mil.
Revenue was 3871.7 + 3919.5 + 3765.7 + 4144.9 = $15,702 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2714.1 + 2811.2 + 2633.3 + 2881.4 = $11,040 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $7,799 Mil.
Total Assets was $63,766 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $6,453 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $2,428 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $3,433 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $8,512 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $11,098 Mil.
Net Income was 537.2 + 615.5 + 550.6 + 3105.4 = $4,809 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 857.6 + 939.6 + 1010.3 + 1519.6 = $4,327 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $2,841 Mil.
Revenue was 3697.6 + 3745.8 + 3572.3 + 3806.1 = $14,822 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2696.2 + 2636.9 + 2245.3 + 2752.5 = $10,331 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $7,292 Mil.
Total Assets was $67,477 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $6,580 Mil.
(DDA) was $2,233 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $3,637 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $7,461 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $17,956 Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Accounts Receivable in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(3207.4 / 15701.8) / (2840.7 / 14821.8)
=0.20426957 / 0.19165688
=1.0658

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(10330.9 / 14821.8) / (11040 / 15701.8)
=0.69700711 / 0.7031041
=0.9913

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (7799.3 + 6453) / 63765.9) / (1 - (7291.5 + 6579.5) / 67476.5)
=0.77649026 / 0.79443214
=0.9774

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=15701.8 / 14821.8
=1.0594

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(2232.5 / (2232.5 + 6579.5)) / (2428.3 / (2428.3 + 6453))
=0.25334771 / 0.27341718
=0.9266

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of c in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(3432.5 / 15701.8) / (3637.1 / 14821.8)
=0.21860551 / 0.24538855
=0.8909

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((11098 + 8511.6) / 63765.9) / ((17956 + 7461.1) / 67476.5)
=0.30752487 / 0.37668077
=0.8164

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(4808.7 - 0 - 4327.1) / 63765.9
=0.0076

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Shire has a M-score of -2.27 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Shire Beneish M-Score Headlines

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