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Burlington Stores Beneish M-Score

: -1.81 (As of Today)
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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Burlington Stores has a M-score of -1.81 signals that the company is a manipulator.

NYSE:BURL' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.15   Max: -1.81
Current: -1.81

-3.15
-1.81

During the past 9 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Burlington Stores was -1.81. The lowest was -3.15. And the median was -2.80.


Burlington Stores Beneish M-Score Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Burlington Stores Annual Data

Jan11 Jan12 Jan13 Jan14 Jan15 Jan16 Jan17 Jan18 Jan19
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.45 -3.04 -3.12 -2.34 -2.99

Burlington Stores Quarterly Data

Jul14 Oct14 Jan15 Apr15 Jul15 Oct15 Jan16 Apr16 Jul16 Oct16 Jan17 Apr17 Jul17 Oct17 Jan18 Apr18 Jul18 Oct18 Jan19 Apr19
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.42 -2.76 -2.85 -2.99 -1.81

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Burlington Stores Beneish M-Score Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where Burlington Stores's Beneish M-Score falls into.



Burlington Stores Beneish M-Score Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Burlington Stores for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.114+0.528 * 0.9976+0.404 * 2.4443+0.892 * 1.0789+0.115 * 1.0405
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0029+4.679 * -0.0448-0.327 * 0.6241
=-1.81

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Apr19) TTM:Last Year (Apr18) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $99 Mil.
Revenue was 1634.194 + 1998.071 + 1640.958 + 1504.742 = $6,778 Mil.
Gross Profit was 672.876 + 842.117 + 698.949 + 627.268 = $2,841 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,252 Mil.
Total Assets was $5,065 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,288 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $218 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $2,068 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,344 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $1,133 Mil.
Net Income was 77.765 + 184.351 + 76.849 + 70.957 = $410 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 2.092 + -3.554 + 1.874 + 2.661 = $3 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 54.191 + 264.3 + 209.046 + 106.097 = $634 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $83 Mil.
Revenue was 1524.708 + 1944.272 + 1444.572 + 1368.98 = $6,283 Mil.
Gross Profit was 632.026 + 821.364 + 612.844 + 560.854 = $2,627 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,101 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,825 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,148 Mil.
(DDA) was $204 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,911 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,092 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $1,123 Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Accounts Receivable in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(99.461 / 6777.965) / (82.758 / 6282.532)
=0.01467417 / 0.01317271
=1.114

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(2627.088 / 6282.532) / (2841.21 / 6777.965)
=0.41815752 / 0.41918334
=0.9976

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1251.801 + 1288.18) / 5065.239) / (1 - (1100.901 + 1148.257) / 2825.446)
=0.49854666 / 0.20396355
=2.4443

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=6777.965 / 6282.532
=1.0789

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(203.6 / (203.6 + 1148.257)) / (218.016 / (218.016 + 1288.18))
=0.15060765 / 0.1447461
=1.0405

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of c in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(2067.767 / 6777.965) / (1910.992 / 6282.532)
=0.30507195 / 0.30417545
=1.0029

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1133.385 + 1343.89) / 5065.239) / ((1122.552 + 1091.649) / 2825.446)
=0.48907366 / 0.78366424
=0.6241

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(409.922 - 3.073 - 633.634) / 5065.239
=-0.0448

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Burlington Stores has a M-score of -1.81 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.


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