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Pep Boys - Manny Moe & Jack  (NYSE:PBY) Beneish M-Score: 0.00 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Pep Boys - Manny Moe & Jack has a M-score of -2.88 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Pep Boys - Manny Moe & Jack was 0.00. The lowest was 0.00. And the median was 0.00.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Pep Boys - Manny Moe & Jack Annual Data

Jan06 Jan07 Jan08 Jan09 Jan10 Jan11 Jan12 Jan13 Jan14 Jan15
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.82 -2.07 -2.66 -2.55 -2.49

Pep Boys - Manny Moe & Jack Quarterly Data

Jan11 Apr11 Jul11 Oct11 Jan12 Apr12 Jul12 Oct12 Jan13 Apr13 Jul13 Oct13 Jan14 Apr14 Jul14 Oct14 Jan15 Apr15 Jul15 Oct15
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.23 -2.49 -2.67 -2.76 -2.88

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Pep Boys - Manny Moe & Jack for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0031+0.528 * 1.0027+0.404 * 0.8056+0.892 * 1.0007+0.115 * 1.0115
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0001+4.679 * -0.0714-0.327 * 0.9746
=-2.88

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Oct15) TTM:Last Year (Oct14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $32 Mil.
Revenue was 508.136 + 526.546 + 542.261 + 502.424 = $2,079 Mil.
Gross Profit was 117.797 + 127.572 + 133.767 + 99.684 = $479 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $797 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,492 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $579 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $69 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $476 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $614 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $193 Mil.
Net Income was 1.266 + 4.81 + 11.893 + -26.668 = $-9 Mil.
Non-Recurring Items was 0.345 + 0.334 + 0.372 + 0.013 = $1 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 13.671 + 33.446 + 33.829 + 15.819 = $97 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $32 Mil.
Revenue was 517.584 + 525.773 + 538.821 + 495.733 = $2,078 Mil.
Gross Profit was 118.334 + 124.297 + 133.126 + 104.016 = $480 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $807 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,572 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $614 Mil.
(DDA) was $74 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $476 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $642 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $230 Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Accounts Receivable in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(31.743 / 2079.367) / (31.622 / 2077.911)
=0.0152657 / 0.01521817
=1.0031

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(479.773 / 2077.911) / (478.82 / 2079.367)
=0.23089199 / 0.230272
=1.0027

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (797.481 + 579.3) / 1492.355) / (1 - (806.91 + 614.326) / 1572.401)
=0.07744404 / 0.09613642
=0.8056

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=2079.367 / 2077.911
=1.0007

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(74.016 / (74.016 + 614.326)) / (68.907 / (68.907 + 579.3))
=0.10752794 / 0.106304
=1.0115

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of c in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(476.328 / 2079.367) / (475.962 / 2077.911)
=0.22907356 / 0.22905793
=1.0001

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((192.5 + 613.818) / 1492.355) / ((229.5 + 642.251) / 1572.401)
=0.54029906 / 0.55440756
=0.9746

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-8.699 - 1.064 - 96.765) / 1492.355
=-0.0714

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Pep Boys - Manny Moe & Jack has a M-score of -2.88 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


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