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3M Co (NYSE:MMM) Free Cash Flow per Share

: $7.23 (TTM As of Mar. 2023)
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3M Co's Free Cash Flow per Share for the three months ended in Mar. 2023 was $1.45. Its Free Cash Flow per Share for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2023 was $7.23.

During the past 12 months, the average Free Cash Flow per Share Growth Rate of 3M Co was -16.60% per year. During the past 3 years, the average Free Cash Flow per Share Growth Rate was -9.70% per year. During the past 5 years, the average Free Cash Flow per Share Growth Rate was 0.20% per year. During the past 10 years, the average Free Cash Flow per Share Growth Rate was 4.30% per year. Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the FCF Growth Rate using Free Cash Flow per Share data.

The historical rank and industry rank for 3M Co's Free Cash Flow per Share or its related term are showing as below:

MMM' s 3-Year FCF Growth Rate Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -31.6   Med: 8.1   Max: 61.7
Current: -9.7

During the past 13 years, 3M Co's highest 3-Year average Free Cash Flow per Share Growth Rate was 61.70% per year. The lowest was -31.60% per year. And the median was 8.10% per year.

MMM's 3-Year FCF Growth Rate is ranked worse than
65.72% of 318 companies
in the Conglomerates industry
Industry Median: 3.90 vs MMM: -9.70

3M Co Free Cash Flow per Share Historical Data

The historical data trend for 3M Co's Free Cash Flow per Share can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

3M Co Annual Data
Trend Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22
Free Cash Flow per Share
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 8.08 9.18 11.36 10.00 6.77

3M Co Quarterly Data
Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23
Free Cash Flow per Share Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 1.02 1.30 1.92 2.56 1.45

3M Co Free Cash Flow per Share Calculation

Free Cashflow per Share is the amount of Free Cashflow per outstanding share of the company's stock.

Free Cash Flow is considered one of the most important parameters to measure a company's earnings power by value investors because it is not subject to estimates of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization (DDA). However, when we look at the Free Cash Flow, we should look from a long term perspective, because any year's Free Cash Flow can be drastically affected by the spending on Property, Plant, & Equipment (PPE) of the business in that year. Over the long term, Free Cash Flow should give pretty good picture on the real earnings power of the company.

Note: GuruFocus does not calculate Free Cash Flow Per Share when Capital Expenditure is 0.

3M Co's Free Cash Flow Per Share for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2022 is calculated as

Free Cash Flow Per Share(A: Dec. 2022 )
=(Cash Flow from Operations+Capital Expenditure)/Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
=(5591+-1749)/567.600
=3842/567.600
=6.77

3M Co's Free Cash Flow Per Share for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2023 is calculated as

Free Cash Flow Per Share(Q: Mar. 2023 )
=(Cash Flow from Operations+Capital Expenditure)/Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
=(1275+-475)/553.200
=800/553.200
=1.45

Free Cash Flow per Share for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2023 adds up the quarterly data reported by the company within the most recent 12 months, which was $7.23

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


3M Co  (NYSE:MMM) Free Cash Flow per Share Explanation

Free Cash Flow is very close to Warren Buffett's definition of Owner's Earnings, except that in Warren Buffett's Owner's Earnings, the spending for Property, Plant, and Equipment is only for maintenance (replacement), while in the Free Cash Flow calculation, the cost of new Property, Plant, and Equipment due to business expansion is also deducted. There, Free Cash Flow is more conservative than Owner's Earnings.

In Don Yacktman's calculation of forward rate of return, he uses Free Cash Flow for the calculation. Yacktman explained the forward rate of return concept in detail in his interview with GuruFocus. Yacktman defines forward rate of return as the normalized free cash flow yield plus real growth plus inflation.

This is what Yacktman said in his March 2012 interview - when the S&P 500 was at 1400:

If the business is stable, this calculation is fairly straightforward. For instance, on the S&P 500 we would normalize earnings. We would then calculate what percentage of those earnings are not reinvested in the underlying businesses and are therefore free. Historically, for the S&P 500, this has been just under 50% of earnings. Currently, we expect the S&P to earn about 70 on a normalized basis, a number which is far below reported earnings due to our adjusting for record high profit margins. $70 X ½ / 1400 gives you a normalized free cash flow yield of approximately 2.5%.

The historical real growth rate of the S&P 500 (companies) is about 1.5%. Assuming an inflation rate of 2.5%, the forward rate of return on an investment in the S&P 500 is about 6.5% today (2.5% free cash flow yield plus 1.5% real growth plus 2.5% inflation).

For the growth part of the Forward Rate of Return calculation, GuruFocus uses the 5-year average growth rate of EBITDA per share as the growth rate, and the growth rate is always capped at 20%. For the Free Cash Flow we use per share data averaged over seven years. The reason we use seven years is because research shows that seven years is the length of the typical business cycle.

Therefore, as of Dec22, 3M Co's Forward Rate of Return (Yacktman) % is

Forward Rate of Return (Yacktman) % (Dec22)=Normalized Free Cash Flow/Price+5-Year EBITDA Growth Rate
=8.93809524/105.11+0.0218
=10.68 %

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Free Cash Flow within a report period can be affected by management's decisions of capital spending. Therefore, it is important to look at long term when it comes to Free Cash Flow.


3M Co Free Cash Flow per Share Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of 3M Co's Free Cash Flow per Share provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


3M Co (NYSE:MMM) Business Description

3M Co logo
Industry
Address
3M Center, St. Paul, MN, USA, 55144
3M is a multinational conglomerate that has operated since 1902, when it was known as Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing. The company is well known for its research and development laboratory and it leverages its science and technology across multiple product categories. As of 2020, 3M is organized into four business segments: safety and industrial, transportation and electronics, healthcare, and consumer. Nearly 50% of the company's revenue comes from outside the Americas, with the safety and industrial segment constituting a plurality of net sales. Many of the company's 60,000-plus products touch and concern a variety of consumers and end markets.
Executives
Suzan Kereere director 255 FISERV DRIVE, BROOKFIELD WI 53045
Kevin H Rhodes officer: EVP & Chief Legal Officer 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220-09-E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Peter D Gibbons officer: Group President 2401 UTAH AVENUE SOUTH, SUITE 800, SEATTLE WA 98134
Chavez Rodriguez Beatriz Karina officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER BLDG 220-09-E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Mark W. Murphy officer: Executive Vice President ONE ST. JUDE MEDICAL DRIVE, ST. PAUL MN 55117
Zoe L Dickson officer: Executive Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220 09 E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
James R Fitterling director 2211 H.H. DOW WAY, MIDLAND MI 48674
Jeffrey R Lavers officer: Executive Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220 09 E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Veena M Lakkundi officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220 09 E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Monish D Patolawala officer: Senior VP and CFO 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220 09 E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Vinita Lee Piper other: IVM001 712 WILCREST, SUITE 3020, HOUSTON TX 77042
Pamela Craig director C/O ACCENTURE, 161 N CLARK STREET, CHICAGO IL 60601
Ty R Silberhorn officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000
Theresa E Reinseth officer: Vice President/CAO 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000
Denise R Rutherford officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000

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