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Sonic Corp  (NAS:SONC) Asset Turnover: 0.22 (As of May. 2017)

Asset Turnover measures how quickly a company turns over its asset through sales. It is calculated as Revenue divided by Total Assets. Sonic Corp's Revenue for the three months ended in May. 2017 was \$124.0 Mil. Sonic Corp's Total Assets for the quarter that ended in May. 2017 was \$567.7 Mil. Therefore, Sonic Corp's asset turnover for the quarter that ended in May. 2017 was 0.22.

Asset Turnover is linked to ROE % through Du Pont Formula. Sonic Corp's annualized ROE % for the quarter that ended in May. 2017 was -45.35%. It is also linked to ROA % through Du Pont Formula. Sonic Corp's annualized ROA % for the quarter that ended in May. 2017 was 13.21%.

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Sonic Corp Annual Data

 Aug07 Aug08 Aug09 Aug10 Aug11 Aug12 Aug13 Aug14 Aug15 Aug16 Asset Turnover 0.80 0.81 0.84 0.95 0.95

Sonic Corp Quarterly Data

 Aug12 Nov12 Feb13 May13 Aug13 Nov13 Feb14 May14 Aug14 Nov14 Feb15 May15 Aug15 Nov15 Feb16 May16 Aug16 Nov16 Feb17 May17 Asset Turnover 0.26 0.24 0.21 0.17 0.22

Calculation

Asset Turnover measures how quickly a company turns over its asset through sales.

Sonic Corp's Asset Turnover for the fiscal year that ended in Aug. 2016 is calculated as

 Asset Turnover = Sales / Average Total Assets = Revenue (A: Aug. 2016 ) / ( (Total Assets (A: Aug. 2015 ) + Total Assets (A: Aug. 2016 )) / 2 ) = 606.32 / ( (620.024 + 659.995) / 2 ) = 606.32 / 640.0095 = 0.95

Sonic Corp's Asset Turnover for the quarter that ended in May. 2017 is calculated as

 Asset Turnover = Sales / Average Total Assets = Revenue (Q: May. 2017 ) / ( (Total Assets (Q: Feb. 2017 ) + Total Assets (Q: May. 2017 )) / 2 ) = 123.99 / ( (571.664 + 563.834) / 2 ) = 123.99 / 567.749 = 0.22

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Companies with low profit margins tend to have high asset turnover, while those with high profit margins have low asset turnover. Companies in the retail industry tend to have a very high turnover ratio.

Explanation

Asset Turnover is linked to Return on Equity (ROE) through Du Pont Formula.

Sonic Corp's annulized ROE % for the quarter that ended in May. 2017 is

 ROE % (Q: May. 2017 ) = Net Income / Total Equity = 75.004 / -165.3945 = (Net Income / Revenue) * (Revenue / Total Assets) * (Total Assets / Total Equity) = (75.004 / 495.96) * (495.96 / 567.749) * (567.749/ -165.3945) = Net Margin % * Asset Turnover * Leverage Ratio = 15.12 % * 0.8736 * -3.4327 = ROA % * Leverage Ratio = 13.21 % * -3.4327 = -45.35 %

Note: The Net Income data used here is four times the quarterly (May. 2017) net income data. The Revenue data used here is four times the quarterly (May. 2017) revenue data.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

It is also linked to Return on Assets (ROA) through Du Pont Formula:

Sonic Corp's annulized ROA % for the quarter that ended in May. 2017 is

 ROA % (Q: May. 2017 ) = Net Income / Total Assets = 75.004 / 567.749 = (Net Income / Revenue) * (Revenue / Total Assets) = (75.004 / 495.96) * (495.96 / 567.749) = Net Margin % * Asset Turnover = 15.12 % * 0.8736 = 13.21 %

Note: The Net Income data used here is four times the quarterly (May. 2017) net income data. The Revenue data used here is four times the quarterly (May. 2017) revenue data.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Be Aware

In the article Joining The Dark Side: Pirates, Spies and Short Sellers, James Montier reported that In their US sample covering the period 1968-2003, Cooper et al find that firms with low asset growth outperformed firms with high asset growth by an astounding 20% p.a. equally weighted. Even when controlling for market, size and style, low asset growth firms outperformed high asset growth firms by 13% p.a. Therefore a company with fast asset growth may underperform.

Therefore, it is a good sign if a company's asset turnover is consistent or even increases. If a company's asset grows faster than sales, its asset turnover will decline, which can be a warning sign.

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