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Forrester Research WACC %

:6.48% (As of Today)
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As of today (2021-12-08), Forrester Research's weighted average cost of capital is 6.48%. Forrester Research's ROIC % is 3.96% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Forrester Research earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


Forrester Research WACC % Historical Data

The historical data trend for Forrester Research's WACC % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Forrester Research Annual Data
Trend Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
WACC %
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 4.61 3.86 7.51 8.14 6.47

Forrester Research Quarterly Data
Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21
WACC % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 6.64 6.47 7.33 7.07 6.85

Competitive Comparison

For the Consulting Services subindustry, Forrester Research's WACC %, along with its competitors' market caps and WACC % data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Forrester Research WACC % Distribution

For the Business Services industry and Industrials sector, Forrester Research's WACC % distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Forrester Research's WACC % falls into.



Forrester Research WACC % Calculation

The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. The WACC is commonly referred to as the firm's cost of capital. Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. WACC is the average of the costs of these sources of financing, each of which is weighted by its respective use in the given situation. By taking a weighted average, we can see how much interest the company has to pay for every dollar it finances.

WACC=E/(E + D)*Cost of Equity+D/(E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)

1. Weights:
Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. We need to calculate the weight of equity and the weight of debt.
The market value of equity (E) is also called "Market Cap". As of today, Forrester Research's market capitalization (E) is $1096.964 Mil.
The market value of debt is typically difficult to calculate, therefore, GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding the latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together. As of Sep. 2021, Forrester Research's latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $23.0275 Mil and its latest two-year average Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $176.927 Mil. The total Book Value of Debt (D) is $199.9545 Mil.
a) weight of equity = E / (E + D) = 1096.964 / (1096.964 + 199.9545) = 0.8458
b) weight of debt = D / (E + D) = 199.9545 / (1096.964 + 199.9545) = 0.1542

2. Cost of Equity:
GuruFocus uses Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to calculate the required rate of return. The formula is:
Cost of Equity = Risk-Free Rate of Return + Beta of Asset * (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return)
a) GuruFocus uses 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate as the risk-free rate. It is updated daily. The current risk-free rate is 1.35000000%. Please go to Economic Indicators page for more information. Please note that we use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the country/region where the company is headquartered. If the data for that country/region is not available, then we will use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the United States as default.
b) Beta is the sensitivity of the expected excess asset returns to the expected excess market returns. Forrester Research's beta is 0.98.
c) (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.
Cost of Equity = 1.35000000% + 0.98 * 6% = 7.23%

3. Cost of Debt:
GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.
As of Dec. 2020, Forrester Research's interest expense (positive number) was $5.34 Mil. Its total Book Value of Debt (D) is $199.9545 Mil.
Cost of Debt = 5.34 / 199.9545 = 2.6706%.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate:
GuruFocus uses the latest two-year average tax rate to do the calculation. The calculated average tax rate is limited to between 0% and 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is higher than 100%, it is set to 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is less than 0%, it is set to 0%.
The latest Two-year Average Tax Rate is 11.53%.

Forrester Research's Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC) for Today is calculated as:

WACC=E / (E + D)*Cost of Equity+D / (E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)
=0.8458*7.23%+0.1542*2.6706%*(1 - 11.53%)
=6.48%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Forrester Research  (NAS:FORR) WACC % Explanation

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher ROIC % than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, Forrester Research's weighted average cost of capital is 6.48%. Forrester Research's ROIC % is 3.96% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Forrester Research earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


Be Aware

1. GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together.

2. The WACC formula discussed above does not include Preferred Stock. Please adjust if preferred stock is considered.

3. (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.

4. GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.


Related Terms

Forrester Research Business Description

Forrester Research logo
Industry
Industrials » Business Services NAICS : 541910 SIC : 8732
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
60 Acorn Park Drive, Cambridge, MA, USA, 02140
Forrester Research Inc is a United-States-based company that provides independent research, data, and advisory services. It operates through the following segments: The Research segment develops and delivers research, connect, and analytics products; The consulting segment includes the revenues and the related costs of the company's consulting organization, and the Events segment is engaged in developing and hosting in-person and virtual events.
Executives
Peltzman Steven P. officer: CBTO C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC. 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Bradford Neil director C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH INC 400 TECHNOLOGY SQ CAMBRIDGE MA 02129
Johnson Carrie officer: Chief Research Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC. 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Teichgraeber Gretchen director C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH 400 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
Doyle Michael A officer: Chief Financial Officer C/O EASYLINK SERVICES CORPORATION 33 KNIGHTSBRIDGE ROAD PISCATAWAY NJ 08854
Chouinard Scott officer: Chief Accounting Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC. 400 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
Darrah Ryan officer: Chief Legal Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC. 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Hippler Kelley officer: Chief Sales Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC. 60 ACORN PARK DR. CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Kottmann Sherri officer: Chief People Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC. 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Kasparian Michael officer: Chief Information Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Birch Jean director 3050 SOFT HORIZON WAY LAS VEGAS NV 89135
Boyce David director C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC. 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Wassenaar Yvonne director C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC. 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Friscia Anthony J director C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC. 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Galford Robert director C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH 400 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE CAMBRIDGE MA 02139

Forrester Research Headlines

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