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PENN Entertainment WACC %

:7.73% (As of Today)
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As of today (2022-10-02), PENN Entertainment's weighted average cost of capital is 7.73%. PENN Entertainment's ROIC % is 4.22% (calculated using TTM income statement data). PENN Entertainment earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


PENN Entertainment WACC % Historical Data

The historical data trend for PENN Entertainment's WACC % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

PENN Entertainment Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
WACC %
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 9.65 11.58 6.93 11.55 9.75

PENN Entertainment Quarterly Data
Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22
WACC % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 10.89 10.87 9.75 8.66 7.87

Competitive Comparison

For the Resorts & Casinos subindustry, PENN Entertainment's WACC %, along with its competitors' market caps and WACC % data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

PENN Entertainment WACC % Distribution

For the Travel & Leisure industry and Consumer Cyclical sector, PENN Entertainment's WACC % distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where PENN Entertainment's WACC % falls into.



PENN Entertainment WACC % Calculation

The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. The WACC is commonly referred to as the firm's cost of capital. Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. WACC is the average of the costs of these sources of financing, each of which is weighted by its respective use in the given situation. By taking a weighted average, we can see how much interest the company has to pay for every dollar it finances.

WACC=E/(E + D)*Cost of Equity+D/(E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)

1. Weights:
Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. We need to calculate the weight of equity and the weight of debt.
The market value of equity (E) is also called "Market Cap". As of today, PENN Entertainment's market capitalization (E) is $4362.055 Mil.
The market value of debt is typically difficult to calculate, therefore, GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding the latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together. As of Jun. 2022, PENN Entertainment's latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $266.55 Mil and its latest two-year average Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $11114.75 Mil. The total Book Value of Debt (D) is $11381.3 Mil.
a) weight of equity = E / (E + D) = 4362.055 / (4362.055 + 11381.3) = 0.2771
b) weight of debt = D / (E + D) = 11381.3 / (4362.055 + 11381.3) = 0.7229

2. Cost of Equity:
GuruFocus uses Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to calculate the required rate of return. The formula is:
Cost of Equity = Risk-Free Rate of Return + Beta of Asset * (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return)
a) GuruFocus uses 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate as the risk-free rate. It is updated daily. The current risk-free rate is 3.82900000%. Please go to Economic Indicators page for more information. Please note that we use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the country/region where the company is headquartered. If the data for that country/region is not available, then we will use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the United States as default.
b) Beta is the sensitivity of the expected excess asset returns to the expected excess market returns. PENN Entertainment's beta is 2.31.
c) (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.
Cost of Equity = 3.82900000% + 2.31 * 6% = 17.689%

3. Cost of Debt:
GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.
As of Dec. 2021, PENN Entertainment's interest expense (positive number) was $562.8 Mil. Its total Book Value of Debt (D) is $11381.3 Mil.
Cost of Debt = 562.8 / 11381.3 = 4.945%.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate:
GuruFocus uses the latest two-year average tax rate to do the calculation. The calculated average tax rate is limited to between 0% and 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is higher than 100%, it is set to 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is less than 0%, it is set to 0%.
The latest Two-year Average Tax Rate is 20.895%.

PENN Entertainment's Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC) for Today is calculated as:

WACC=E / (E + D)*Cost of Equity+D / (E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)
=0.2771*17.689%+0.7229*4.945%*(1 - 20.895%)
=7.73%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


PENN Entertainment  (NAS:PENN) WACC % Explanation

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher ROIC % than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, PENN Entertainment's weighted average cost of capital is 7.73%. PENN Entertainment's ROIC % is 4.22% (calculated using TTM income statement data). PENN Entertainment earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


Be Aware

1. GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together.

2. The WACC formula discussed above does not include Preferred Stock. Please adjust if preferred stock is considered.

3. (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.

4. GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.


Related Terms

PENN Entertainment Business Description

PENN Entertainment logo
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
825 Berkshire Boulevard, Suite 200, Wyomissing, PA, USA, 19610
Penn National Gaming Inc is the operator of gaming and racing properties and video gaming terminal operations in the U.S. It operates retail sports betting across the company's portfolio, as well as online sports betting, online social casino, bingo, and online casinos. It offers live sports betting at its properties in Indiana, Iowa, Mississippi, Nevada, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia.
Executives
Black Gupta Vimla director 825 BERKSHIRE BLVD. WYOMISSING PA 19610
Hendrix Felicia officer: EVP and CFO 825 BERKSHIRE BLVD. WYOMISSING PA 19610
George Todd officer: EVP, Operations 825 BERKSHIRE BLVD. WYOMISSING PA 19610
Kaplowitz Marla director 825 BERKSHIRE BLVD. WYOMISSING PA 19610
Labombard Christine officer: SVP and CAO 825 BERKSHIRE BOULEVARD WYOMISSING PA 19610
Naples Ronald J director 96 S. GEORGE STREET SUITE 500 YORK PA 17401
Scaccetti Jane director 3111 W ALLEGHENY AVE PHILADELPHIA PA 19132
Rogers Christopher Byron officer: EVP and Chief Strategy Officer 825 BERKSHIRE BLVD. WYOMISSING PA 19610
Ko Harper H. officer: EVP, CLO and Sec. 7250 S. TENAYA WAY SUITE 100 LAS VEGAS NV 89113
Williams David Edward officer: EVP and CFO 825 BERKSHIRE BOULEVARD WYOMISSING PA 19610
Reibstein Saul officer: EVP-Finance, CFO & Treasurer C/O VISHAY PRECISION GROUP, INC. 3 GREAT VALLEY PARKWAY, SUITE 150 MALVERN PA 19355
Sottosanti Carl officer: SVP,Gen Counsel & Secretary 825 BERKSHIRE BOULEVARD SUITE 200 WYOMISSING PA 19610
Snowden Jay A officer: EVP-Chief Operating Officer 825 BERKSHIRE BOULEVARD SUITE 200 WYOMISSING PA 19610
Fair William J officer: EVP - Chief Dev Officer 825 BERKSHIRE BOULEVARD SUITE 200 WYOMISSING PA 19610
Burke Desiree A. officer: V. P. and Chief Accounting Off 845 BERKSHIRE BOULEVARD SUITE 200 WYOMISSING PA 19610

PENN Entertainment Headlines

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