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Photronics WACC %

:10.24% (As of Today)
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As of today (2022-10-03), Photronics's weighted average cost of capital is 10.24%. Photronics's ROIC % is 16.31% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Photronics generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment. It is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases.


Photronics WACC % Historical Data

The historical data trend for Photronics's WACC % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Photronics Annual Data
Trend Oct12 Oct13 Oct14 Oct15 Oct16 Oct17 Oct18 Oct19 Oct20 Oct21
WACC %
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 4.08 8.14 5.74 5.57 6.27

Photronics Quarterly Data
Oct17 Jan18 Apr18 Jul18 Oct18 Jan19 Apr19 Jul19 Oct19 Jan20 Apr20 Jul20 Oct20 Jan21 Apr21 Jul21 Oct21 Jan22 Apr22 Jul22
WACC % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 6.03 6.27 7.50 8.59 8.84

Competitive Comparison

For the Semiconductor Equipment & Materials subindustry, Photronics's WACC %, along with its competitors' market caps and WACC % data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Photronics WACC % Distribution

For the Semiconductors industry and Technology sector, Photronics's WACC % distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Photronics's WACC % falls into.



Photronics WACC % Calculation

The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. The WACC is commonly referred to as the firm's cost of capital. Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. WACC is the average of the costs of these sources of financing, each of which is weighted by its respective use in the given situation. By taking a weighted average, we can see how much interest the company has to pay for every dollar it finances.

WACC=E/(E + D)*Cost of Equity+D/(E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)

1. Weights:
Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. We need to calculate the weight of equity and the weight of debt.
The market value of equity (E) is also called "Market Cap". As of today, Photronics's market capitalization (E) is $937.062 Mil.
The market value of debt is typically difficult to calculate, therefore, GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding the latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together. As of Jul. 2022, Photronics's latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $20.187 Mil and its latest two-year average Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $72.213 Mil. The total Book Value of Debt (D) is $92.4 Mil.
a) weight of equity = E / (E + D) = 937.062 / (937.062 + 92.4) = 0.9102
b) weight of debt = D / (E + D) = 92.4 / (937.062 + 92.4) = 0.0898

2. Cost of Equity:
GuruFocus uses Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to calculate the required rate of return. The formula is:
Cost of Equity = Risk-Free Rate of Return + Beta of Asset * (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return)
a) GuruFocus uses 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate as the risk-free rate. It is updated daily. The current risk-free rate is 3.62100000%. Please go to Economic Indicators page for more information. Please note that we use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the country/region where the company is headquartered. If the data for that country/region is not available, then we will use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the United States as default.
b) Beta is the sensitivity of the expected excess asset returns to the expected excess market returns. Photronics's beta is 1.25.
c) (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.
Cost of Equity = 3.62100000% + 1.25 * 6% = 11.121%

3. Cost of Debt:
GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.
As of Oct. 2021, Photronics's interest expense (positive number) was $1.685 Mil. Its total Book Value of Debt (D) is $92.4 Mil.
Cost of Debt = 1.685 / 92.4 = 1.8236%.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate:
GuruFocus uses the latest two-year average tax rate to do the calculation. The calculated average tax rate is limited to between 0% and 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is higher than 100%, it is set to 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is less than 0%, it is set to 0%.
The latest Two-year Average Tax Rate is 28.62%.

Photronics's Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC) for Today is calculated as:

WACC=E / (E + D)*Cost of Equity+D / (E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)
=0.9102*11.121%+0.0898*1.8236%*(1 - 28.62%)
=10.24%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Photronics  (NAS:PLAB) WACC % Explanation

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher ROIC % than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, Photronics's weighted average cost of capital is 10.24%. Photronics's ROIC % is 16.31% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Photronics generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment. It is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases.


Be Aware

1. GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together.

2. The WACC formula discussed above does not include Preferred Stock. Please adjust if preferred stock is considered.

3. (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.

4. GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.


Related Terms

Photronics Business Description

Photronics logo
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
15 Secor Road, Brookfield, CT, USA, 06804
Photronics is a U.S.-based company that is principally engaged in manufacturing photomasks. The photomasks are photographic quartz plates that contain microscopic images of electronic circuits that are used as a component in the manufacture of integrated circuits and flat-panel displays. The revenue from products designed for integrated circuits production accounts for the majority of total revenue, with the rest derived from products for flat-panel display production. The company's assets are located in Taiwan, Korea, and the United States. It generates revenue worldwide, including the United States, Europe, Taiwan, Korea, China, and elsewhere in Asia, with Asia contributing the majority of total revenue.
Executives
Lewis Adam M director 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Liao Daniel Jl director 2045 EAST INNOVATION CIRCLE TEMPE AZ 85284
Paladino Mary director 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Lee Kang Jyh officer: President, Asia IC Photomask 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Jordan John P officer: SVP & Chief Financial Officer 600 EAST GREENWICH AVENUE WEST WARWICK RI 02893
Hsia Liang Choo director 15 SECOR RD. BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Gmt Capital Corp 10 percent owner GMT CAPITAL CORP 2300 WINDY RIDGE PARKWAY SUITE 550 SOUTH ATLANTA GA 30339
Burr Richelle E officer: VP, General Counsel & Secy 15 SECOR RD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Kirlin Peter S officer: Senior VP, U.S. & Europe 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Progler Christopher J officer: VP,Chief Technology Officer 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Jeong Soo Hong officer: COO, President-Asia Operations 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Luttati Michael J director, officer: Chief Executive Officer 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Maris Willem D director 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Tyson Mitchell G director 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Yomazzo Michael J director 15 SECOR ROAD PO BOX 5226 BROOKFIELD CT 06804

Photronics Headlines

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