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Pactiv Evergreen WACC %

:4.22 (As of Today)
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As of today (2021-10-27), Pactiv Evergreen's weighted average cost of capital is 4.22%. Pactiv Evergreen's ROIC % is 1.94% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Pactiv Evergreen earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.

*Note: The beta of this company cannot be obtained because it has a price history shorter than 3 years. It will thus be set to 1 as default to calculate WACC.


Pactiv Evergreen WACC % Historical Data

The historical data trend for Pactiv Evergreen's WACC % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Pactiv Evergreen Annual Data
Trend Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
WACC %
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - - - - 4.32

Pactiv Evergreen Quarterly Data
Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21
WACC % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - 4.21 4.32 4.14 4.08

Competitive Comparison

For the Packaging & Containers subindustry, Pactiv Evergreen's WACC %, along with its competitors' market caps and WACC % data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Pactiv Evergreen WACC % Distribution

For the Packaging & Containers industry and Consumer Cyclical sector, Pactiv Evergreen's WACC % distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Pactiv Evergreen's WACC % falls into.



Pactiv Evergreen WACC % Calculation

The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. The WACC is commonly referred to as the firm's cost of capital. Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. WACC is the average of the costs of these sources of financing, each of which is weighted by its respective use in the given situation. By taking a weighted average, we can see how much interest the company has to pay for every dollar it finances.

WACC=E/(E + D)*Cost of Equity+D/(E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)

1. Weights:
Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. We need to calculate the weight of equity and the weight of debt.
The market value of equity (E) is also called "Market Cap". As of today, Pactiv Evergreen's market capitalization (E) is $2352.654 Mil.
The market value of debt is typically difficult to calculate, therefore, GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding the latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together. As of Jun. 2021, Pactiv Evergreen's latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $1853 Mil and its latest two-year average Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $5691 Mil. The total Book Value of Debt (D) is $7544 Mil.
a) weight of equity = E / (E + D) = 2352.654 / (2352.654 + 7544) = 0.2377
b) weight of debt = D / (E + D) = 7544 / (2352.654 + 7544) = 0.7623

2. Cost of Equity:
GuruFocus uses Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to calculate the required rate of return. The formula is:
Cost of Equity = Risk-Free Rate of Return + Beta of Asset * (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return)
a) GuruFocus uses 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate as the risk-free rate. It is updated daily. The current risk-free rate is 1.68000000%. Please go to Economic Indicators page for more information. Please note that we use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the country/region where the company is headquartered. If the data for that country/region is not available, then we will use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the United States as default.
b) Beta is the sensitivity of the expected excess asset returns to the expected excess market returns. Pactiv Evergreen's beta cannot be obtained because it has a price history shorter than 3 years. It will thus be set to 1 as default to calculate WACC.
c) (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.
Cost of Equity = 1.68000000% + 1 * 6% = 7.68%

3. Cost of Debt:
GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.
As of Dec. 2020, Pactiv Evergreen's interest expense (positive number) was $293 Mil. Its total Book Value of Debt (D) is $7544 Mil.
Cost of Debt = 293 / 7544 = 3.8839%.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate:
GuruFocus uses the latest two-year average tax rate to do the calculation. The calculated average tax rate is limited to between 0% and 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is higher than 100%, it is set to 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is less than 0%, it is set to 0%.
The latest Two-year Average Tax Rate is 18.975%.

Pactiv Evergreen's Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC) for Today is calculated as:

WACC=E / (E + D)*Cost of Equity+D / (E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)
=0.2377*7.68%+0.7623*3.8839%*(1 - 18.975%)
=4.22%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Pactiv Evergreen  (NAS:PTVE) WACC % Explanation

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher ROIC % than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, Pactiv Evergreen's weighted average cost of capital is 4.22%. Pactiv Evergreen's ROIC % is 1.94% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Pactiv Evergreen earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.

*Note: The beta of this company cannot be obtained because it has a price history shorter than 3 years. It will thus be set to 1 as default to calculate WACC.


Be Aware

1. GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together.

2. The WACC formula discussed above does not include Preferred Stock. Please adjust if preferred stock is considered.

3. (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.

4. GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.


Related Terms

Pactiv Evergreen Business Description

Pactiv Evergreen logo
Industry
Comparable Companies
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
1900 W. Field Court, Lake Forest, IL, USA, 60045
Pactiv Evergreen Inc is engaged in the business of manufacturing and distributing fresh food service and food merchandising products and fresh beverage cartons. The products are supplied to food service distributors, supermarkets, grocery and healthy eating retailers, other food stores, food and beverage producers, food packers, and food processors. Its operating segment includes Foodservice; Food Merchandising and Beverage Merchandising. The company derives a majority of revenue from the Food Merchandising segment. Geographically, it derives a majority of revenue from the United States.
Executives
Rich Jonathan D director 1144 EAST MARKET STREET AKRON OH 44316-0001
Baker Leighanne G director 225 BRAE BOULEVARD PARK RIDGE NJ 07656
Thornton Felicia D director 250 PARKCENTER BLVD PO BOX 20 BOISE ID 83726
Mcgrath John T. director, officer: Chief Executive Officer 1900 W. FIELD COURT LAKE FOREST IL 60045
Hugli Allen director C/O RANK GROUP LEVEL II, 148 QUAY ST AUCKLAND Q2 00000
Rooney John P. officer: Pres, Beverage Merchandising 1900 W. FIELD COURT LAKE FOREST IL 60045
Ragen Michael officer: COO and CFO 1900 W. FIELD COURT LAKE FOREST IL 60045
Stangl Rolf director 1900 W. FIELD COURT LAKE FOREST IL 60045
Wulf Eric officer: President, Food Merchandising 1900 W. FIELD COURT LAKE FOREST IL 60045
Levenda Tim A. officer: President, Foodservice 1900 W. FIELD COURT LAKE FOREST IL 60045
Packaging Finance Ltd 10 percent owner C/O RANK GROUP LIMITED FLOOR 9, 148 QUAY STREET AUCKLAND Q2 1010
King Michael Jack director 1900 W. FIELD COURT LAKE FOREST IL 60045

Pactiv Evergreen Headlines

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