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CarMax WACC %

:6.98% (As of Today)
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As of today (2021-12-01), CarMax's weighted average cost of capital is 6.98%. CarMax's ROIC % is 1.84% (calculated using TTM income statement data). CarMax earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


CarMax WACC % Historical Data

The historical data trend for CarMax's WACC % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

CarMax Annual Data
Trend Feb12 Feb13 Feb14 Feb15 Feb16 Feb17 Feb18 Feb19 Feb20 Feb21
WACC %
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 6.73 6.20 5.32 4.66 7.16

CarMax Quarterly Data
Nov16 Feb17 May17 Aug17 Nov17 Feb18 May18 Aug18 Nov18 Feb19 May19 Aug19 Nov19 Feb20 May20 Aug20 Nov20 Feb21 May21 Aug21
WACC % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 7.26 6.83 7.16 7.13 7.03

Competitive Comparison

For the Auto & Truck Dealerships subindustry, CarMax's WACC %, along with its competitors' market caps and WACC % data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

CarMax WACC % Distribution

For the Vehicles & Parts industry and Consumer Cyclical sector, CarMax's WACC % distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where CarMax's WACC % falls into.



CarMax WACC % Calculation

The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. The WACC is commonly referred to as the firm's cost of capital. Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. WACC is the average of the costs of these sources of financing, each of which is weighted by its respective use in the given situation. By taking a weighted average, we can see how much interest the company has to pay for every dollar it finances.

WACC=E/(E + D)*Cost of Equity+D/(E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)

1. Weights:
Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. We need to calculate the weight of equity and the weight of debt.
The market value of equity (E) is also called "Market Cap". As of today, CarMax's market capitalization (E) is $22898.492 Mil.
The market value of debt is typically difficult to calculate, therefore, GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding the latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together. As of Aug. 2021, CarMax's latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $473.984 Mil and its latest two-year average Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $15214.132 Mil. The total Book Value of Debt (D) is $15688.116 Mil.
a) weight of equity = E / (E + D) = 22898.492 / (22898.492 + 15688.116) = 0.5934
b) weight of debt = D / (E + D) = 15688.116 / (22898.492 + 15688.116) = 0.4066

2. Cost of Equity:
GuruFocus uses Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to calculate the required rate of return. The formula is:
Cost of Equity = Risk-Free Rate of Return + Beta of Asset * (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return)
a) GuruFocus uses 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate as the risk-free rate. It is updated daily. The current risk-free rate is 1.48000000%. Please go to Economic Indicators page for more information. Please note that we use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the country/region where the company is headquartered. If the data for that country/region is not available, then we will use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the United States as default.
b) Beta is the sensitivity of the expected excess asset returns to the expected excess market returns. CarMax's beta is 1.49.
c) (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.
Cost of Equity = 1.48000000% + 1.49 * 6% = 10.42%

3. Cost of Debt:
GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.
As of Feb. 2021, CarMax's interest expense (positive number) was $400.278 Mil. Its total Book Value of Debt (D) is $15688.116 Mil.
Cost of Debt = 400.278 / 15688.116 = 2.5515%.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate:
GuruFocus uses the latest two-year average tax rate to do the calculation. The calculated average tax rate is limited to between 0% and 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is higher than 100%, it is set to 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is less than 0%, it is set to 0%.
The latest Two-year Average Tax Rate is 23.05%.

CarMax's Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC) for Today is calculated as:

WACC=E / (E + D)*Cost of Equity+D / (E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)
=0.5934*10.42%+0.4066*2.5515%*(1 - 23.05%)
=6.98%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


CarMax  (NYSE:KMX) WACC % Explanation

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher ROIC % than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, CarMax's weighted average cost of capital is 6.98%. CarMax's ROIC % is 1.84% (calculated using TTM income statement data). CarMax earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


Be Aware

1. GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together.

2. The WACC formula discussed above does not include Preferred Stock. Please adjust if preferred stock is considered.

3. (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.

4. GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.


Related Terms

CarMax Business Description

CarMax logo
Industry
Consumer Cyclical » Vehicles & Parts NAICS : 423110 SIC : 5521
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
12800 Tuckahoe Creek Parkway, Richmond, VA, USA, 23238
CarMax sells, finances, and services used and new cars through a chain of 220 used retail stores at the end of fiscal 2021 plus one new vehicle store. It was formed in 1993 as a unit of Circuit City and spun off into an independent company in late 2002. Used-vehicle sales account for about 83% of revenue, wholesale about 14%, and the remaining portion is composed of extended service plans and repair. In fiscal 2021, the company retailed and wholesaled 751,862 and 426,268 used vehicles, respectively. CarMax is the largest used vehicle retailer in the U.S., but still estimates that it has only about 3.5% U.S. market share of vehicles 0 to 10 years old but seeks over 5% by the end of calendar 2025. CarMax is based in Richmond, Virginia.
Executives
Oneil Mark F director C/O CARMAX, INC. 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Reedy Thomas W Jr officer: EVP of Finance 12800 TUCKHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Margolin Eric M officer: EVP, Gen. Counsel & Secretary C/O ADVANCE AUTO PARTS 5673 AIRPORT RD ROANOKE VA 24012
Lyski James officer: EVP & Chief Marketing Officer ONE NATIONWIDE PLAZA 1-38-06 COLUMBUS OH 43215
Nash William D officer: President & CEO 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Daniels Jon G officer: SVP, CAF 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Folliard Thomas J director 4900 COX RD GELN ALLEN VA 23060
Livesay Jill A officer: VP, Controller & PAO CARMAX, INC. 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Cafritz Diane L officer: SVP & CHRO 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Hill Edwin J officer: EVP & COO 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Blaylock Ronald E director PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: BLAYLOCK RONALD E a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Satriano Pietro director C/O US FOODS HOLDING CORP. 9399 W. HIGGINS RD., STE 100 ROSEMONT IL 60018
Shinder Marcella director 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Steenrod Mitchell D director 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PKWY RICHMOND VA 23238
Mccreight David W. director C/O URBAN OUTFITTERS, INC. 5000 SOUTH BROAD STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19112

CarMax Headlines

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