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Merck WACC %

:4.54% (As of Today)
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As of today (2022-08-09), Merck's weighted average cost of capital is 4.54%. Merck's ROIC % is 23.97% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Merck generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment. It is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases.


Merck WACC % Historical Data

The historical data trend for Merck's WACC % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Merck Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
WACC %
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 6.51 5.55 3.48 3.23 4.36

Merck Quarterly Data
Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22
WACC % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 3.46 3.40 4.36 5.10 -

Competitive Comparison

For the Drug Manufacturers - General subindustry, Merck's WACC %, along with its competitors' market caps and WACC % data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Merck WACC % Distribution

For the Drug Manufacturers industry and Healthcare sector, Merck's WACC % distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Merck's WACC % falls into.



Merck WACC % Calculation

The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. The WACC is commonly referred to as the firm's cost of capital. Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. WACC is the average of the costs of these sources of financing, each of which is weighted by its respective use in the given situation. By taking a weighted average, we can see how much interest the company has to pay for every dollar it finances.

WACC=E/(E + D)*Cost of Equity+D/(E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)

1. Weights:
Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. We need to calculate the weight of equity and the weight of debt.
The market value of equity (E) is also called "Market Cap". As of today, Merck's market capitalization (E) is $224169.933 Mil.
The market value of debt is typically difficult to calculate, therefore, GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding the latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together. As of Jun. 2022, Merck's latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $4421.5 Mil and its latest two-year average Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $28025 Mil. The total Book Value of Debt (D) is $32446.5 Mil.
a) weight of equity = E / (E + D) = 224169.933 / (224169.933 + 32446.5) = 0.8736
b) weight of debt = D / (E + D) = 32446.5 / (224169.933 + 32446.5) = 0.1264

2. Cost of Equity:
GuruFocus uses Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to calculate the required rate of return. The formula is:
Cost of Equity = Risk-Free Rate of Return + Beta of Asset * (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return)
a) GuruFocus uses 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate as the risk-free rate. It is updated daily. The current risk-free rate is 2.80100000%. Please go to Economic Indicators page for more information. Please note that we use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the country/region where the company is headquartered. If the data for that country/region is not available, then we will use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the United States as default.
b) Beta is the sensitivity of the expected excess asset returns to the expected excess market returns. Merck's beta is 0.35.
c) (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.
Cost of Equity = 2.80100000% + 0.35 * 6% = 4.901%

3. Cost of Debt:
GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.
As of Dec. 2021, Merck's interest expense (positive number) was $806 Mil. Its total Book Value of Debt (D) is $32446.5 Mil.
Cost of Debt = 806 / 32446.5 = 2.4841%.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate:
GuruFocus uses the latest two-year average tax rate to do the calculation. The calculated average tax rate is limited to between 0% and 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is higher than 100%, it is set to 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is less than 0%, it is set to 0%.
The latest Two-year Average Tax Rate is 16.91%.

Merck's Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC) for Today is calculated as:

WACC=E / (E + D)*Cost of Equity+D / (E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)
=0.8736*4.901%+0.1264*2.4841%*(1 - 16.91%)
=4.54%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Merck  (NYSE:MRK) WACC % Explanation

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher ROIC % than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, Merck's weighted average cost of capital is 4.54%. Merck's ROIC % is 23.97% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Merck generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment. It is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases.


Be Aware

1. GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together.

2. The WACC formula discussed above does not include Preferred Stock. Please adjust if preferred stock is considered.

3. (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.

4. GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.


Related Terms

Merck Business Description

Merck logo
Address
2000 Galloping Hill Road, Kenilworth, NJ, USA, 07033
Merck makes pharmaceutical products to treat several conditions in a number of therapeutic areas, including cardiometabolic disease, cancer, and infections. Within cancer, the firm's immuno-oncology platform is growing as a major contributor to overall sales. The company also has a substantial vaccine business, with treatments to prevent hepatitis B and pediatric diseases as well as HPV and shingles. Additionally, Merck sells animal health-related drugs. From a geographical perspective, close to half of the firm's sales are generated in the United States.
Executives
Baker Douglas M Jr director 370 WBASHA ST NORTH ST PAUL MN 55102
Oosthuizen Johannes Jacobus officer: SVP, U.S. Market 2000 GALLOPING HILL RD KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Garay Arpa officer: SVP Human Health Global Mktg. 2000 GALLOPING HILL RD KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Downing Cristal N officer: Chief Comm. & Public Afrs Ofcr 2000 GALLOPING HILL RD KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Klobuchar Michael A officer: EVP - Chief Strategy Officer 2000 GALLOPING HILL RD KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Lecointe-cephas Lisa officer: SVP Chief Ethics & Com Officer 2000 GALLOPING HILL RD KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Litchfield Caroline officer: EVP & CFO 2000 GALLOPING HILL RD KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Mayo Stephen director 2000 GALLOPING HILL RD KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Li Dean Y officer: Executive VP & President, MRL 2000 GALLOPING HILL ROAD KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Williams David Michael officer: EVP,Chief Info&Digital Officer MERCK & CO., INC. 2000 GALLOPING HILL ROAD KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Lavizzo-mourey Risa J director GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY 5 NECCO STREET BOSTON MA 02210
Seidman Christine E director MERCK & CO., INC. 2000 GALLOPING HILL ROAD KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Warden Kathy J director 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Craig Pamela director C/O ACCENTURE 161 N CLARK STREET CHICAGO IL 60601
Brun Leslie A director 435 DEVON PARK DRIVE 700 BUILDING WAYNE PA 19087

Merck Headlines

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