GURUFOCUS.COM » STOCK LIST » USA » NYSE » Unum Group (NYSE:UNM) » Definitions » WACC %
Switch to:

Unum Group WACC %

:8.61% (As of Today)
View and export this data going back to 1986. Start your Free Trial

As of today (2022-08-19), Unum Group's weighted average cost of capital is 8.61%. Unum Group's ROIC % is 1.86% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Unum Group earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


Unum Group WACC % Historical Data

The historical data trend for Unum Group's WACC % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Unum Group Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
WACC %
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 10.61 9.11 9.32 8.52 9.18

Unum Group Quarterly Data
Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22
WACC % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 9.31 9.03 9.18 9.21 8.94

Competitive Comparison

For the Insurance - Life subindustry, Unum Group's WACC %, along with its competitors' market caps and WACC % data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Unum Group WACC % Distribution

For the Insurance industry and Financial Services sector, Unum Group's WACC % distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Unum Group's WACC % falls into.



Unum Group WACC % Calculation

The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. The WACC is commonly referred to as the firm's cost of capital. Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. WACC is the average of the costs of these sources of financing, each of which is weighted by its respective use in the given situation. By taking a weighted average, we can see how much interest the company has to pay for every dollar it finances.

WACC=E/(E + D)*Cost of Equity+D/(E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)

1. Weights:
Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. We need to calculate the weight of equity and the weight of debt.
The market value of equity (E) is also called "Market Cap". As of today, Unum Group's market capitalization (E) is $7964.016 Mil.
The market value of debt is typically difficult to calculate, therefore, GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding the latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together. As of Jun. 2022, Unum Group's latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $0 Mil and its latest two-year average Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $3393.95 Mil. The total Book Value of Debt (D) is $3393.95 Mil.
a) weight of equity = E / (E + D) = 7964.016 / (7964.016 + 3393.95) = 0.7012
b) weight of debt = D / (E + D) = 3393.95 / (7964.016 + 3393.95) = 0.2988

2. Cost of Equity:
GuruFocus uses Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to calculate the required rate of return. The formula is:
Cost of Equity = Risk-Free Rate of Return + Beta of Asset * (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return)
a) GuruFocus uses 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate as the risk-free rate. It is updated daily. The current risk-free rate is 2.91900000%. Please go to Economic Indicators page for more information. Please note that we use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the country/region where the company is headquartered. If the data for that country/region is not available, then we will use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the United States as default.
b) Beta is the sensitivity of the expected excess asset returns to the expected excess market returns. Unum Group's beta is 1.25.
c) (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.
Cost of Equity = 2.91900000% + 1.25 * 6% = 10.419%

3. Cost of Debt:
GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.
As of Dec. 2021, Unum Group's interest expense (positive number) was $185 Mil. Its total Book Value of Debt (D) is $3393.95 Mil.
Cost of Debt = 185 / 3393.95 = 5.4509%.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate:
GuruFocus uses the latest two-year average tax rate to do the calculation. The calculated average tax rate is limited to between 0% and 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is higher than 100%, it is set to 100%. If the calculated average tax rate is less than 0%, it is set to 0%.
The latest Two-year Average Tax Rate is 20.1%.

Unum Group's Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC) for Today is calculated as:

WACC=E / (E + D)*Cost of Equity+D / (E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)
=0.7012*10.419%+0.2988*5.4509%*(1 - 20.1%)
=8.61%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Unum Group  (NYSE:UNM) WACC % Explanation

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher ROIC % than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, Unum Group's weighted average cost of capital is 8.61%. Unum Group's ROIC % is 1.86% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Unum Group earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


Be Aware

1. GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding latest two-year average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together.

2. The WACC formula discussed above does not include Preferred Stock. Please adjust if preferred stock is considered.

3. (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.

4. GuruFocus uses last fiscal year end Interest Expense divided by the latest two-year average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.


Related Terms

Unum Group Business Description

Unum Group logo
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
1 Fountain Square, Chattanooga, TN, USA, 37402
Unum Group is a provider of group and individual income protection insurance products in the United States, the United Kingdom, Poland, and other countries. It is the largest domestic disability insurer, with the majority of premiums generated from employer plans. The company also offers a complementary portfolio of other insurance products, including long-term care insurance, life insurance, and employer- and employee-paid group benefits. It has the following operating business segments: Unum US, Unum International, and Colonial Life. The majority of the revenue is earned from the Unum US segment. The firm markets its products primarily through brokers.
Executives
King Gale V. director 123 SOUTH FRONT STREET MEMPHIS TN 38103
Till Mark Paul officer: EVP & CEO Designate, Unum Intl 1 FOUNTAIN SQUARE LAW DEPARTMENT (E7N200) CHATTANOOGA TN 37402
Pashley Cherie officer: SVP, Chief Accounting Officer 1 FOUNTAIN SQUARE LAW DEPT. 7N200 CHATTANOOGA TN 37402
Pyne Christopher W officer: EVP, Group Benefits 1 FOUNTAIN SQUARE LAW DEPT. (7N200) CHATTANOOGA TN 37402
Leiper Martha officer: EVP, Chief Investment Officer 9800 FREDERICKSBURG ROAD SAN ANTONIO TX 78288
Zabel Steven Andrew officer: EVP & Chief Financial Officer 1 FOUNTAIN SQUARE LAW DEPT. (7N200) CHATTANOOGA TN 37402
Keaney Timothy F director 1 FOUNTAIN SQUARE LAW DEPT. 7S730 CHATTANOOGA TN 37402
Devore Susan D. director C/O PREMIER, INC. 13034 BALLANTYNE CORPORATE PLACE CHARLOTTE NC 28277
Egan Cynthia director 7117 BELLONA AVENUE BALTIMORE MD 21212
Bunting Theodore H Jr director P. O. BOX 61000 NEW ORLEANS LA 70161
Shammo Francis director 1 FOUNTAIN SQUARE CHATTANOOGA TN 37402
Echevarria Joseph director 225 LIBERTY STREET NEW YORK NY 10286
O Hanley Ronald P director C/O UNUM GROUP, 1 FOUNTAIN SQUARE LAW DEPT. 7S730 CHATTANOOGA TN 37402
Bhasin Puneet officer: Chief Info & Digital Officer 1001 FANNIN, SUITE 4000 HOUSTON TX 77002
Cross Susan Lee director XL HOUSE ONE BERMUDIANA ROAD HAMILTON D0 HM 11

Unum Group Headlines

Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)