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Crane Co (NYSE:CR)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Crane Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

CR' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 6

4
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Crane Co was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun15) TTM:Last Year (Jun14) TTM:
Net Income was 28.079 + 56.212 + 51.1 + 55.8 = $191 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 68.134 + 150.517 + -11.6 + 57.6 = $265 Mil.
Revenue was 727.413 + 730.658 + 678.8 + 711.2 = $2,848 Mil.
Gross Profit was 251.122 + 249.02 + 236.8 + 240.5 = $977 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun14)
to the end of this year (Jun15) was
(3632.763 + 3554.105 + 3450.785 + 3387.3 + 3428.1) / 5 = $3490.6106 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun14) was $3,633 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $749 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,224 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $656 Mil.
Net Income was 57.131 + 49.706 + 48.7 + 59.7 = $215 Mil.

Revenue was 637.515 + 681.449 + 716.8 + 750.1 = $2,786 Mil.
Gross Profit was 216.198 + 226.851 + 254.1 + 262.1 = $959 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun13)
to the end of last year (Jun14) was
(2872.4 + 2858.145 + 3559.607 + 3553.345 + 3632.763) / 5 = $3295.252 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun13) was $2,872 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $749 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,261 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $699 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Crane Co's current net income (TTM) was 191. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Crane Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 265. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun14)
=191.191/3632.763
=0.05262964

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun13)
=215.237/2872.4
=0.07493281

Crane Co's return on assets of this year was 0.05262964. Crane Co's return on assets of last year was 0.07493281. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Crane Co's current net income (TTM) was 191. Crane Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 265. ==> 265 > 191 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun14 to Jun15
=749.2/3490.6106
=0.21463294

Gearing (Last Year: Jun14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=749.192/3295.252
=0.22735499

Crane Co's gearing of this year was 0.21463294. Crane Co's gearing of last year was 0.22735499. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1224.4/655.8
=1.86703263

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1261.093/698.79
=1.80468095

Crane Co's current ratio of this year was 1.86703263. Crane Co's current ratio of last year was 1.80468095. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Crane Co's number of shares in issue this year was 58.8. Crane Co's number of shares in issue last year was 59.8. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=977.442/2848.071
=0.34319439

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=959.249/2785.864
=0.34432729

Crane Co's gross margin of this year was 0.34319439. Crane Co's gross margin of last year was 0.34432729. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun14)
=2848.071/3632.763
=0.78399582

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun13)
=2785.864/2872.4
=0.96987328

Crane Co's asset turnover of this year was 0.78399582. Crane Co's asset turnover of last year was 0.96987328. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+1+1+1+0+0
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Crane Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Crane Co Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
Question 1 1101111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1101110100
Question 4 1111101111
Question 5 1001101101
Question 6 1010100101
Question 7 0011001100
Question 8 1101111011
Question 9 0110011000
F-score 7657757746

Crane Co Quarterly Data

Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1110000000
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1110000111
Question 6 1100000111
Question 7 1000000011
Question 8 1111111110
Question 9 0000111000
F-score 8764555676
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