The 3 Airline Stocks Helping Lift David Tepper’s Returns
Tepper, founder of the $15 billion hedge fund company Appaloosa Management, is extremely bullish on the stock market, telling CNBC in January, “The country is on the verge of just an explosion of greatness,” and affirming the view last week. He is expecting the S&P to rise 20% or more this year, primarily because the economy looks good, first quarter GDP should grow by about 2.25%, and big investors have not put money from fixed income to stocks yet, someone familiar with his thinking told CNBC.
Tepper has a background in distressed debt and equity investing and often gets involved with companies that are near bankruptcy.
United Continental Holdings (UAL)
Tepper initiated his United Continental Holdings position back in the fourth quarter of 2010 and sold down the bulk of it over 2011. In the first half of 2012, he amassed an even larger position – almost 9.5 million shares – at even lower purchase prices – $20 and $23 per share, respectively. UAL stock has increased almost 53% over the past year to trade for $31.09 per share on Thursday afternoon. Tepper trimmed 700,352 shares in the fourth quarter of 2012 and ended the year with just over 9 million, equal to a 4.6% weighting in his portfolio, making it his third-largest holding.
United Continental Holdings is an airline with an average of 5,472 flights a day, connected to 381 airports in six continents and had the most passenger traffic of all airlines in the world in 2012.
UAL’s financial results increased substantially in 2011 after the company began integrating United and Continental airlines into one business in October 2012, a merger it expected to generate $1 billion to $1.2 billion in net annual synergies on a run-rate basis in 2013 – $800 million to $900 million of which would be annual revenue synergies. It incurred costs from the merger in both 2011 and 2012.
In 2012, UAL reported a 0.1% year-over-year increase in operating revenue of $37.15 billion, which fell short of its revenue goal. It also had a net loss of $723 million, or $2.18 per share, due to $1.3 billion in special charges. Merger charges cost the airline $739 million in 2012, and it is expecting lower charges in 2013 of $250 million. UAL’s fourth quarter was also impacted by Superstorm Sandy, which reduced fourth-quarter revenue by approximately $140 million and net income by approximately $85 million.
UAL has a P/E ratio of 25.7 and P/B ratio of 21.4, which are both lower than 86% of companies in the U.S. airlines industry. It has a P/S ratio of 0.278, which is close to a five-year high.
US Airways Group Inc. (LCC)
Though he has held US Airways Group stock since the fourth quarter of 2009, Tepper’s biggest moves most recent occurred in 2012. He purchased more than 10 million shares in the first three quarters at share prices of $11, $11 and $12, respectively, on average. His total holding size at year-end was 12,069,029 shares. The stock has gained 127% over the past year and trades for $15.98 on Friday afternoon, which is close to a five-year high.
US Airways revenue has been increasing annually since 2009, and it has been profitable since 2010. In the first nine months of 2012, its net income increased year over year to $245 million from $76 million, and operating revenues increased 6.6% to $10.55 billion, on higher passenger demand and record consolidated third quarter yields.
US Airways ended the period with $2.8 billion in cash, increased from $2.4 billion in the prior-year period.
The airline announced on Feb. 14 that it would merge with American Airlines (AMR) to create a global carrier with a combined equity value of approximately $11 billion. The merger is expected to drive $1 billion in annual net synergies in 2015, $900 million of which should be network revenue synergies. The cost for the transaction is estimated to be $1.2 billion total over the next three years.
Delta Air Lines (DAL)
After selling out of his holding in the fourth quarter of 2011, Tepper bought 10,375,718 shares of Delta Air Lines cumulatively over the first three months of 2012 at average prices of $10, $11 and $10, respectively. He reduced the position by 71,583 in the fourth quarter. Delta stock has gained almost 71% over the past year, and trades for $16 on Friday afternoon, which is close to a five-year high.
Delta Air Lines has roughly 160 million customers annually, and flies to 318 locations in 59 countries across six continents. Over the past 10 years its revenue has increased annually, reaching $36.67 billion in 2012, and net income has been increasing for the past three years, reaching $1 billion in 2012.
In the fourth quarter of 2012, Delta reported $238 million, or $0.28 per diluted share, in net income, including a $100 million reduction resulting from Superstorm Sandy on its refinery operations. Net income for the full year was $1.6 billion, a $362 million increase from 2011, all excluding $231 million in special items. Operating revenue increased 2% in the fourth quarter to $203 million year over year, including a $75 million decline resulting from Superstorm Sandy.
Delta is focused on paying down debt and ended 2012 with adjusted net debt totaling $11.7 billion after paying down $5 billion of its $7 billion reduction target since 2009. The company also ended the year with $5.1 billion in cash on its balance sheet.
Delta has a P/E ratio of 13.3 and P/S ratio of 0.38, which is close to a two-year high.
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