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Buffett Indicator: India Stock Market Valuations and Expected Future Returns

Updated at Mon, 12 Apr 2021 21:30:07 -0500
Country: India (updated daily) check out Global Overview for detailed methodology.

According to the original Buffet Indicator, the Stock Market is Modestly Overvalued.

Ratio of total market cap over GDP: Recent 10 Year Maximum - 97.69%; Recent 10 Year Minimum - 54.47%; current - 94.49%
Expected future annual return: 3.7%

Based on the newly introduced total market cap over GDP plus Total Assets of Central Bank ratio, the Stock Market is Modestly Overvalued.

Ratio of total market cap over GDP plus Total Assets of Central Bank: Recent 10 Year Maximum - 86.24%; Recent 10 Year Minimum - 48.43%; current - 81.81%
Modified expected future annual return: 4.2%

ETF Used for dividend yield: INDA (Yield=0.27%)
Market Index used: BSE SENSEX
Current Annual GDP: $2,534 billion US dollars or 190,540 in billions of national currency (GDP in Local Current Prices Annual Growth=5.93%)
Current Total Asset of Central Bank: $393 billion US dollars or 29,532 in billions of national currency
Data since year 1997


India Historical GDP Growth

Historical GDP of India in billions of national currency. The GDP in local current prices has grown at the annual rate of 5.93% over the past 8 years. Please note this growth rate includes the effect of price inflation and it is NOT the real GDP growth rate. Current Annual GDP: $2,534 billion US dollars or 190,540 in billions of national currency.

India GDP (Billion, National Currency)

Historical Stock Market Cap

Historical total market of India in billions of national currency. This value is normalized using the data published by WorldBank. BSE SENSEX is used for the normalization. The Bombay Stock Exchange SENSEX also referred to as BSE 30 is a free-float market capitalization-weighted stock market index of 30 well-established and financially sound companies listed on Bombay Stock Exchange.

India Total Market Cap (Billion, National Currency)

Historical Total Assets of Central Bank

Historical Total Assets of Central Bank of India in billions of national currency, which is obtained from each country’s central bank balance sheet. Please be aware that if the total assets is displayed as zero or - , it suggests that there's no data available rather than the original data being zero. In this case, the modified version of both the ratio and projected annualized market return will be treated the same as the original version.

India Total Assets of Central Bank (Billion, National Currency)

Original and Modified Historical Ratio of Total Market Cap over GDP (%)

The current ratio of total market cap over GDP for India is 94.49%. The recent 10 year high was 97.69%; the recent 10 low was 54.47%. If we assume that the ratio will reverse to the recent 10 years mean of 77.44% over the next 8 years, the contribution to expected annual return is -2.46%.

Based on the modified version, the current TMC / (GDP + Total Assets of Central Bank) Ratio for India is 81.81%. The recent 10 year high was 86.24%; the recent 10 low was 48.43%. If we assume that the ratio will reverse to the recent 10 years mean of 69.46% over the next 8 years, the contribution to expected annual return is -2.03%.

This is the detailed historical chart of the original TMC / GDP ratio and modified TMC / (GDP + Total Assets of Central Bank) ratio.

India Original and Modified Ratio of TMC over GDP (%)

Based on these historical valuations, we have divided market valuation into five zones:

Ratio = Total Market Cap / GDP Valuation
Ratio ≤ 54% Significantly Undervalued
54% < Ratio ≤ 70% Modestly Undervalued
70% < Ratio ≤ 85% Fair Valued
85% < Ratio ≤ 101% Modestly Overvalued
Ratio > 101% Significantly Overvalued
Where are we today (2021-04-13)? Ratio = 94.49%, Modestly Overvalued

Based on these modified historical valuations, we have divided market valuation into five zones:

Ratio = Total Market Cap / (GDP + Total Assets of Central Bank) Valuation
Ratio ≤ 49% Significantly Undervalued
49% < Ratio ≤ 63% Modestly Undervalued
63% < Ratio ≤ 76% Fair Valued
76% < Ratio ≤ 90% Modestly Overvalued
Ratio > 90% Significantly Overvalued
Where are we today (2021-04-13)? Ratio = 81.81%, Modestly Overvalued

Predicted and Actual Returns

From the equation presented on the U.S. market valuation page,

Investment Return (%) = Dividend Yield (%) + Business Growth (%) + (Re/Rb)(1/T)-1

We can compute the predicted and actual returns of the India stock market over a given time period, T. In the calculation, we set T to equal eight years, the approximate length of a full economic cycle. The calculated results are presented in the chart below.

The Predicted Return line indicates the expected, or predicted annualized return for the next eight years if the current TMC / GDP ratio reverts to its recent 10 years mean of 77.44%.

The Modified Predicted Return line indicates the expected, or predicted annualized return for the next eight years if the current TMC / (GDP + Total Assets of Central Bank) ratio reverts to its recent 10 years mean of 69.46%.

The Actual Return line indicates the actual, annualized return of the India stock market over eight years. We use “BSE SENSEX” to do the actual return calculation. We can see the calculations largely predicted the trend in the stock market as the actual return line is closely parallel to the two predicted return lines.

Predicted and Actual Returns of India

Conclusion

Under the original buffett indicator, the stock market of India is expected to return 3.7% a year for the coming years. This is from the contribution of economic growth in local current prices: 5.93%, Dividend Yield: 0.27% and valuation reverse to the mean -2.46%.

Under the modified model, the contribution of economic growth and dividend yield stays the same while the valuation reverse to mean changes to -2.03%. Consequently, the stock market of India is expected to return 4.2% a year.

This is the projected return and the modified projected return of the stock market in India relative to other countries. Click on the country on the left sidebar to check out the details for each country.





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