Unfortunately, these narratives are often wrong because they gloss over an element that plays a large role in regulating outcomes in the short-term: luck. In The Success Equation, Michael Mauboussin does his best to untangle the luck from the skill, to help us improve our decision-making processes.
There isn't a whole lot of primary research in the book, from what I could tell. Instead, it is a synthesis of a wide range of research on the topic that spans sports and investing. If you read on these topics, you will no doubt recognize a lot of the researchers Mauboussin cites and discusses including Daniel Kahneman, Bill James, Nassim Taleb, Amos Tversky, Michael Lewis, and John Maynard Keynes. If you've read the works of these guys, you might find the book somewhat repetitive.
On the other hand, if you're a fan of the topic, you'll get a number of ideas for other books you'll want to read, as the breadth of research cited in this book is wide! Personally, I'm inspired to read the book Everything Is Obvious as a result of some points from the book that Mauboussin discusses.
I do recommend The Success Equation. But don't take my word for it, as the book also comes highly recommended by Howard Marks and James Montier, both of whom are frequently discussed on this blog and in the value investing world. Enjoy!