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Torchmark Corporation (NYSE:TMK)
Enterprise Value
$8,249 Mil (As of Dec. 2013)

Think of enterprise value as the theoretical takeover price. It is more comprehensive than market capitalization (market cap), which only includes common equity. Enterprise Value is calculated as the market cap plus debt and minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.

EV/EBIT ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBIT. As of today, Torchmark Corporation's enterprise value is $8,170 Mil. Torchmark Corporation's operating income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2013 was $763 Mil. Therefore, Torchmark Corporation's EV/EBIT ratio for today is 10.71.

EV/EBITDA ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBITDA. As of today, Torchmark Corporation's enterprise value is $8,170 Mil. Torchmark Corporation's earnings before depreciation and amortization for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2013 was $844 Mil. Therefore, Torchmark Corporation's EV/EBITDA ratio for today is 9.68.

EV/Revenue ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its Revenue. As of today, Torchmark Corporation's enterprise value is $8,170 Mil. Torchmark Corporation's revenue for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2013 was $3,772 Mil. Therefore, Torchmark Corporation's EV/Revenue ratio for today is 2.17.


Definition

Enterprise Value is calculated as the market cap plus debt and minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.

Torchmark Corporation's Enterprise Value for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2013 is calculated as

Enterprise Value (A: Dec. 2013 )
=Market Cap+Preferred Stock+Long-Term Debt
=7066.323+0+990.865
+Short-Term Debt Without Lease+Minority Interest-Cash and Cash Equivalents
+229.07+0-36.943
=8,249

Torchmark Corporation's Enterprise Value for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2013 is calculated as

Enterprise Value (Q: Dec. 2013 )
=Market Cap+Preferred Stock+Long-Term Debt
=7066.323+0+990.865
+Short-Term Debt Without Lease+Minority Interest-Cash and Cash Equivalents
+229.07+0-36.943
=8,249

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.


Explanation

When an investor buy a company, the investor needs to pay not only the common shares, he/she also needs to pay the shareholders of Preferred Stocks. He also assumes the debt of the company, and receives the cash on the company's balance sheet.

If a company has more cash than debt, the investor actually pays less than the Market Cap because he immediately owns the cash once the transaction goes through.

The market value of Preferred Stock needs to be added to the market value of common stocks in the calculation of enterprise value.

For the companies with the same Market Cap, the smaller the Enterprise Value is, the cheaper the company is.

Enterprise Value can be negative when the company's net cash is more than its Market Cap. In this case the investor is basically getting the company for free and get paid for that.

1. EV/EBIT ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBIT.

Torchmark Corporation's EV/EBIT for today is

EV/EBIT ratio=Enterprise Value (Today)/Operating Income (TTM)
=8169.789/763.126
=10.71

Torchmark Corporation's current Enterprise Value is $8,170 Mil.
Torchmark Corporation's Operating Income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2013 was 173.063 (Mar. 2013 ) + 192.784 (Jun. 2013 ) + 190.85 (Sep. 2013 ) + 206.429 (Dec. 2013 ) = $763 Mil.

2. EV/EBITDA ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBITDA.

Torchmark Corporation's EV/EBITDA for today is:

Torchmark Corporation's current Enterprise Value is $8,170 Mil.
Torchmark Corporation's Earnings Before Depreciation and Amortization for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2013 was 193.94 (Mar. 2013 ) + 213.612 (Jun. 2013 ) + 210.526 (Sep. 2013 ) + 225.509 (Dec. 2013 ) = $844 Mil.

3. EV/Revenue ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its Revenue.

Torchmark Corporation's EV/Revenue for today is:

EV/Revenue ratio=Enterprise Value (Today)/Revenue (TTM)
=8169.789/3771.938
=2.17

Torchmark Corporation's current Enterprise Value is $8,170 Mil.
Torchmark Corporation's Earnings Before Depreciation and Amortization for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2013 was 958.216 (Mar. 2013 ) + 950.339 (Jun. 2013 ) + 932.789 (Sep. 2013 ) + 930.594 (Dec. 2013 ) = $3,772 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.


Related Terms

Market Cap, Preferred Stock, Long-Term Debt, Cash and Cash Equivalents


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Torchmark Corporation Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
ev 7,2066,9007,1286,4844,7824,5635,3575,2956,1168,249

Torchmark Corporation Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
ev 4,4025,2955,9075,8615,8586,1166,8887,2607,8068,249
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