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Articles 

Huntington Bancshares Inc. Reports Operating Results (10-K)

February 18, 2010 | About:

Huntington Bancshares Inc. (NASDAQ:HBAN) filed Annual Report for the period ended 2009-12-31.

Huntington Bancshares Inc. has a market cap of $3.4 billion; its shares were traded at around $4.76 with and P/S ratio of 1.1. The dividend yield of Huntington Bancshares Inc. stocks is 0.8%.HBAN is in the portfolios of Diamond Hill Capital of Diamond Hill Capital Management Inc, Paul Tudor Jones of The Tudor Group.

Highlight of Business Operations:



2009 First Quarter Impairment Testing



The first step (Step 1) of impairment testing requires a comparison of each reporting unit’s fair value to carrying value to identify potential impairment. For our impairment testing conducted during the 2009 first quarter, we identified four reporting units: Regional Banking, PFG, Insurance, and Auto Finance and Dealer Services (AFDS).





• Although Insurance is included within PFG for business segment reporting, it was evaluated as a separate reporting unit for goodwill impairment testing because it has its own separately allocated goodwill resulting from prior acquisitions. The fair value of PFG (determined using the market approach as described below), excluding Insurance, exceeded its carrying value, and goodwill was determined to not be impaired for this reporting unit.



• There was no goodwill associated with AFDS and, therefore, it was not subject to impairment testing.



For Regional Banking, we utilized both the income and market approaches to determine fair value. The income approach was based on discounted cash flows derived from assumptions of balance sheet and income statement activity. An internal forecast was developed by considering several long-term key business drivers such as anticipated loan and deposit growth. The long-term growth rate used in determining the terminal value was estimated at 2.5%. The discount rate of 14% was estimated based on the Capital Asset Pricing Model,


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which considered the risk-free interest rate (20-year Treasury Bonds), market risk premium, equity risk premium, and a company-specific risk factor. The company-specific risk factor was used to address the uncertainty of growth estimates and earnings projections of management. For the market approach, revenue, earnings and market capitalization multiples of comparable public companies were selected and applied to the Regional Banking unit’s applicable metrics such as book and tangible book values. A 20% control premium was used in the market approach. The results of the income and market approaches were weighted 75% and 25%, respectively, to arrive at the final calculation of fair value. As market capitalization declined across the banking industry, we believed that a heavier weighting on the income approach is more representative of a market participant’s view. For the Insurance reporting unit, management utilized a market approach to determine fair value. The aggregate fair market values were compared with market capitalization as an assessment of the appropriateness of the fair value measurements. As our stock price fluctuated greatly, we used our average stock price for the 30 days preceding the valuation date to determine market capitalization. The aggregate fair market values of the reporting units compared with market capitalization indicated an implied premium of 27%. A control premium analysis indicated that the implied premium was within range of overall premiums observed in the market place. Neither the Regional Banking nor Insurance reporting units passed Step 1.



The second step (Step 2) of impairment testing is necessary only if the reporting unit does not pass Step 1. Step 2 compares the implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill with the carrying amount of the goodwill for the reporting unit. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined in the same manner as goodwill that is recognized in a business combination. Significant judgment and estimates are involved in estimating the fair value of the assets and liabilities of the reporting unit.



To determine the implied fair value of goodwill, the fair value of Regional Banking and Insurance (as determined in Step 1) was allocated to all assets and liabilities of the reporting units including any recognized or unrecognized intangible assets. The allocation was done as if the reporting unit was acquired in a business combination, and the fair value of the reporting unit was the price paid to acquire the reporting unit. This allocation process is only performed for purposes of testing goodwill for impairment. The carrying values of recognized assets or liabilities (other than goodwill, as appropriate) were not adjusted nor were any new intangible assets recorded. Key valuations were the assessment of core deposit intangibles, the mark-to-fair-value of outstanding debt and deposits, and mark-to-fair-value on the loan portfolio. Core deposits were valued using a 15% discount rate. The marks on our outstanding debt and deposits were based upon observable trades or modeled prices using current yield curves and market spreads. The valuation of the loan portfolio indicated discounts in the ranges of 9%-24%, depending upon the loan type. The estimated fair value of these loan portfolios was based on an exit price, and the assumptions used were intended to approximate those that a market participant would have used in valuing the loans in an orderly transaction, including a market liquidity discount. The significant market risk premium that is a consequence of the current distressed market conditions was a significant contributor to the valuation discounts associated with these loans. We believed these discounts were consistent with transactions currently occurring in the marketplace.



Upon completion of Step 2, we determined that the Regional Banking and Insurance reporting units’ goodwill carrying values exceeded their implied fair values of goodwill by $2,573.8 million and $28.9 million, respectively. As a result, we recorded a noncash pretax impairment charge of $2,602.7 million in the 2009 first quarter. The impairment charge was included in noninterest expense and did not affect our regulatory and tangible capital ratios.



Other Interim and Annual Impairment Testing



While we recorded an impairment charge of $4.2 million in the 2009 second quarter related to the sale of a small payments-related business completed in July 2009, we concluded that no other goodwill impairment was required during the remainder of 2009.



Subsequent to the 2009 first quarter impairment testing, we reorganized our Regional Banking segment to reflect how our assets and operations are now managed. The Regional Banking business segment, which through March 31, 2009, had been managed geographically, is now managed by a product segment approach.


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Essentially, Regional Banking has been divided into the new segments of Retail and Business Banking, Commercial Banking, and Commercial Real Estate.



Each of these three new segments is considered a separate reporting unit. The remaining Regional Banking goodwill amount of $314.5 million was reallocated on a relative fair value basis at the end of the 2009 first quarter to Retail and Business Banking, Commercial Banking, and Commercial Real Estate resulting in goodwill balances to those reporting units of $309.5 million, $5.0 million and $0 respectively.



The Step 1 results of the annual impairment test indicated that the PFG and Insurance units passed by a substantial margin. The Retail and Business Banking unit also passed, however, only by a minimal amount. Through analysis, we were confident that had the Retail and Business Banking unit failed Step 1 at October 1, 2009, no additional goodwill impairment would have been recorded. The assumptions and methodologies utilized in the annual assessment were consistent with those used in the first quarter assessment as discussed above. Overall, fair values for the reporting units improved significantly due to improvements in market comparables compared with the 2009 first quarter.



Step 2 was required for only the Commercial Banking reporting unit as it was determined in Step 1 that its carrying value exceeded its fair value. Upon completion of Step 2, we determined that the Commercial Banking goodwill carrying value exceeded its implied fair value of goodwill; therefore, no goodwill impairment was recorded for this unit as of October 1. The most significant Step 2 adjustment was the 20% mark-to-fair-value discount on the loan portfolio.



Due to the current economic environment and other uncertainties, it is possible that our estimates and assumptions may adversely change in the future. If our market capitalization decreases or the liquidity discount on our loan portfolio improves significantly without a concurrent increase in market capitalization, we may be required to record additional goodwill impairment losses in future periods, whether in connection with our next annual impairment testing in the 2010 third quarter or prior to that, if any changes constitute a triggering event. It is not possible at this time to determine if any such future impairment loss would result, however, any such future impairment loss would be limited as the remaining goodwill balance was only $0.4 billion at December 31, 2009.

The aggregate market value of voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2009, determined by using a per share closing price of $4.18, as quoted by NASDAQ on that date, was $2,298,648,203. As of January 31, 2010, there were 716,382,350 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.01 outstanding.

On October 3, 2008, the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA) was enacted. EESA enables the federal government, under terms and conditions developed by the Secretary of the Treasury, to insure troubled assets, including mortgage-backed securities, and collect premiums from participating financial institutions. EESA includes, among other provisions: (a) the $700 billion Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP), under which the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to purchase, insure, hold, and sell a wide variety of financial instruments, particularly those that are based on or related to residential or commercial mortgages originated or issued on or before March 14, 2008; and (b) an increase in the amount of deposit insurance provided by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Both of these specific provisions are discussed in the below sections. In December 2009, the Secretary of the Treasury announced the extension of the TARP to October 2010, but indicated that not more than $550 billion of the total authorized would actually be deployed.

On November 14, 2008, we participated in the CPP and issued approximately $1.4 billion in capital in the form of non-voting cumulative preferred stock that pays cash dividends at the rate of 5% per annum for the first five years, and then pays cash dividends at the rate of 9% per annum thereafter. In addition, the Department of Treasury received warrants to purchase shares of our common stock having an aggregate market price equal to 15% of the preferred stock amount. The proceeds of the $1.4 billion have been credited to the preferred stock and additional paid-in-capital. The difference between the par value of the preferred stock and the amount credited to the preferred stock account is amortized against retained earnings and is reflected in our income statement as dividends on preferred shares, resulting in additional dilution to our common stock. The exercise price for the warrant of $8.90, and the market price for determining the number of shares of common stock subject to the warrants, was determined on the date of the preferred investment (calculated on a 20-trading day trailing average). The warrants are immediately exercisable, in whole or in part, over a term of 10 years. The warrants are included in our diluted average common shares outstanding in periods when the effect of their inclusion is dilutive to earnings per share.

EESA temporarily raised the limit on federal deposit insurance coverage from $100,000 to $250,000 per depositor. Separate from EESA, in October 2008, the FDIC also announced the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (TLGP) to guarantee certain debt issued by FDIC-insured institutions through October 31, 2009. Under one component of this program, the Transaction Account Guaranty Program (TAGP), the FDIC temporarily provided unlimited coverage for noninterest bearing transaction deposit accounts through December 31, 2009. The $250,000 deposit insurance coverage limit was scheduled to return to $100,000 on January 1, 2010, but was extended by congressional action until December 31, 2013. The TLGP has been extended to cover debt of FDIC-insured institutions issued through April 30, 2010, and the TAGP has been extended through June 30, 2010. We participated in the TAGP since its beginning, and have elected to continue our participation during the extension period.

In addition, on February 3, 2009, the Bank completed the issuance and sale of $600 million of Floating Rate Senior Bank Notes with a variable rate of three month LIBOR plus 40 basis points, due June 1, 2012 (the Notes). The Notes are guaranteed by the FDIC under the TLGP and are backed by the full faith and credit of the United States. The FDICs guarantee cost $20 million which will be amortized over the term of the notes.

As a participating FDIC insured bank, we were assessed deposit insurance premiums totaling $24.1 million during 2008. However, the one-time assessment credit described above was fully utilized to substantially offset our 2008 deposit insurance premium and, therefore, only $7.9 million of deposit insurance premium expense was recognized during 2008.

Read the The complete Report

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10qk
Charlie Tian, Ph.D., is the founder of GuruFocus. You can now order his book Invest Like a Guru on Amazon.

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