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GuruFocus has detected 5 Warning Signs with LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE $LVMUY.
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LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE (OTCPK:LVMUY)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

LVMUY' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 7

4
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Dec16) TTM:Last Year (Dec15) TTM:
Net Income was $4,199 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was $4,192 Mil.
Revenue was $39,662 Mil.
Gross Profit was $25,908 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec15)
to the end of this year (Dec16) was (62746.1873638 + 62892.4050633) / 2 = $62819.2962136 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec15) was $62,746 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4,148 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $20,462 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $13,513 Mil.
Net Income was $3,892 Mil.

Revenue was $38,850 Mil.
Gross Profit was $25,175 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Dec14)
to the end of last year (Dec15) was (65797.7805179 + 62746.1873638) / 2 = $64271.9839409 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec14) was $65,798 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4,914 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $20,643 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $13,833 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's current net income (TTM) was 4,199. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 4,192. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec15)
=4199.36708861/62746.1873638
=0.06692625

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec14)
=3892.15686275/65797.7805179
=0.05915332

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's return on assets of this year was 0.06692625. LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's return on assets of last year was 0.05915332. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's current net income (TTM) was 4,199. LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 4,192. ==> 4,192 <= 4,199 ==> CFROA <= ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec15 to Dec16
=4147.67932489/62819.2962136
=0.06602556

Gearing (Last Year: Dec15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec14 to Dec15
=4913.94335512/64271.9839409
=0.07645545

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's gearing of this year was 0.06602556. LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's gearing of last year was 0.07645545. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=20462.0253165/13512.6582278
=1.51428571

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=20642.7015251/13833.3333333
=1.49224348

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's current ratio of this year was 1.51428571. LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's current ratio of last year was 1.49224348. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's number of shares in issue this year was 2523.2. LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's number of shares in issue last year was 2524.5. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=25908.2278481/39662.4472574
=0.65321809

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=25175.3812636/38849.6732026
=0.64802041

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's gross margin of this year was 0.65321809. LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's gross margin of last year was 0.64802041. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec15)
=39662.4472574/62746.1873638
=0.63210928

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec14)
=38849.6732026/65797.7805179
=0.59044048

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's asset turnover of this year was 0.63210928. LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE's asset turnover of last year was 0.59044048. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+0+1+1+1+1+1
=8

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15Dec16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1001000101
Question 4 1011000010
Question 5 1001010011
Question 6 0110010111
Question 7 0110000001
Question 8 1101101011
Question 9 1010101011
F-score 7566444478
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