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GuruFocus has detected 4 Warning Signs with Eaton Corp PLC $ETN.
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Eaton Corp PLC (NYSE:ETN)
Beneish M-Score
-2.59 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Eaton Corp PLC has a M-score of -2.59 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

ETN' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.11   Max: -1.97
Current: -2.59

-3.11
-1.97

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Eaton Corp PLC was -1.97. The lowest was -3.11. And the median was -2.57.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Eaton Corp PLC for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0601+0.528 * 0.9816+0.404 * 0.9909+0.892 * 0.9676+0.115 * 0.9866
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0118+4.679 * -0.0255-0.327 * 1.0023
=-2.59

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Mar17) TTM:Last Year (Mar16) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $3,673 Mil.
Revenue was 4848 + 4867 + 4987 + 5080 = $19,782 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1538 + 1548 + 1616 + 1661 = $6,363 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $6,975 Mil.
Total Assets was $30,611 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3,481 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $921 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $3,498 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $5,557 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,677 Mil.
Net Income was 432 + 504 + 523 + 491 = $1,950 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 15 + 79 + 15 + -5 = $104 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 463 + 638 + 798 + 728 = $2,627 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $3,581 Mil.
Revenue was 4813 + 5057 + 5203 + 5372 = $20,445 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1522 + 1630 + 1606 + 1697 = $6,455 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $7,013 Mil.
Total Assets was $31,583 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3,583 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $932 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $3,573 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $5,022 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,572 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(3673 / 19782) / (3581 / 20445)
=0.18567384 / 0.17515285
=1.0601

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(6455 / 20445) / (6363 / 19782)
=0.31572512 / 0.32165605
=0.9816

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (6975 + 3481) / 30611) / (1 - (7013 + 3583) / 31583)
=0.65842344 / 0.66450306
=0.9909

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=19782 / 20445
=0.9676

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(932 / (932 + 3583)) / (921 / (921 + 3481))
=0.20642303 / 0.20922308
=0.9866

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(3498 / 19782) / (3573 / 20445)
=0.17682742 / 0.17476156
=1.0118

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((6677 + 5557) / 30611) / ((7572 + 5022) / 31583)
=0.39966025 / 0.39875883
=1.0023

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(1950 - 104 - 2627) / 30611
=-0.0255

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Eaton Corp PLC has a M-score of -2.59 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Eaton Corp PLC Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15Dec16
DSRI 1.07480.8811.07161.02070.93281.39860.77690.98271.02591.0807
GMI 0.95811.02921.04550.87470.99761.00070.98440.9890.97310.9791
AQI 1.13581.17461.03310.93930.98361.27480.95891.00091.03860.9808
SGI 1.06551.17980.77221.15511.17021.01631.35161.0230.92480.9469
DEPI 0.95860.9410.93691.04341.03361.29070.66080.99391.00810.9695
SGAI 1.03530.99581.16050.95560.94121.040.99350.95841.02061.0294
LVGI 1.02250.91810.89061.0341.02191.0890.91671.02011.00021.0046
TATA -0.0133-0.0255-0.0635-0.02050.0036-0.0105-0.01220.0112-0.0138-0.0242
M-score -2.40-2.44-2.88-2.51-2.37-2.04-2.46-2.43-2.59-2.60

Eaton Corp PLC Quarterly Data

Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16Mar17
DSRI 0.98270.95750.97970.971.02591.04551.02611.07241.08071.0601
GMI 0.9890.97840.96160.9750.97310.98110.98360.96550.97910.9816
AQI 1.00091.00031.01661.01161.03861.02861.02221.01180.98080.9909
SGI 1.0231.00250.97740.94890.92480.91750.92070.93320.94690.9676
DEPI 0.99390.99651.02681.03191.00811.01230.9820.98060.96950.9866
SGAI 0.95840.9650.96190.97781.02061.03491.05331.03871.02941.0118
LVGI 1.02011.0550.98041.01291.00020.96611.01270.99471.00461.0023
TATA 0.01120.01030.0079-0.0178-0.0138-0.0257-0.0315-0.0238-0.0242-0.0255
M-score -2.43-2.49-2.48-2.64-2.59-2.62-2.69-2.60-2.60-2.59
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