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BCE Inc  (NYSE:BCE) Piotroski F-Score: 5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

BCE Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

NYSE:BCE' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 2   Max: 8
Current: 5

2
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of BCE Inc was 8. The lowest was 2. And the median was 5.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

BCE Inc Annual Data

Dec09 Dec10 Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.00 6.00 5.00 5.00 5.00

BCE Inc Quarterly Data

Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.00 6.00 7.00 6.00 5.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


BCE Inc Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where BCE Inc's Piotroski F-Score falls into.


How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Dec18) TTM:Last Year (Dec17) TTM:
Net Income was 538.931415758 + 563.047619048 + 652.14055547 + 478.565049122 = $2,233 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 1156.73084358 + 1567.23809524 + 1567.43900568 + 1330.75320036 = $5,622 Mil.
Revenue was 4322.27634733 + 4408.38095238 + 4508.97652294 + 4625.63262876 = $17,865 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2130.98275729 + 2239.23809524 + 2286.32806506 + 2190.38404287 = $8,847 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec17)
to the end of this year (Dec18) was
(42495.8884799 + 43801.1288951 + 43092.5714286 + 44233.5430413 + 42497.7671926) / 5 = $43224.1798075 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec17) was $42,496 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $14,707 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,312 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $7,762 Mil.
Net Income was 530.365279749 + 597.216998872 + 652.333251893 + 476.936330175 = $2,257 Mil.

Revenue was 4021.81220587 + 4286.57389996 + 4624.15506149 + 4665.98793954 = $17,599 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2009.41211623 + 2168.48439263 + 2354.42625621 + 2181.84665988 = $8,714 Mil.
Average Net Income from the begining of last year (Dec16)
to the end of last year (Dec17) was
(37565.0348602 + 40224.8449989 + 40309.8909364 + 45252.0563564 + 42495.8884799) / 5 = $41169.5431264 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec16) was $37,565 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $14,265 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,633 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $8,448 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

BCE Inc's current Net Income (TTM) was 2,233. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

BCE Inc's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 5,622. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Dec17)
=2232.6846394/42495.8884799
=0.05253884

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Dec16)
=2256.85186069/37565.0348602
=0.06007852

BCE Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.05253884. BCE Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.06007852. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

BCE Inc's current Net Income (TTM) was 2,233. BCE Inc's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 5,622. ==> 5,622 > 2,233 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec18)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Dec17 to Dec18
=14706.7579637/43224.1798075
=0.34024377

Gearing (Last Year: Dec17)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Dec16 to Dec17
=14265.0168377/41169.5431264
=0.34649442

BCE Inc's gearing of this year was 0.34024377. BCE Inc's gearing of last year was 0.34649442. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec18)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=4311.55105686/7761.98273296
=0.55547032

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec17)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=3633.01746417/8447.80327355
=0.4300547

BCE Inc's current ratio of this year was 0.55547032. BCE Inc's current ratio of last year was 0.4300547. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

BCE Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 898.6. BCE Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 900.9. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=8846.93296046/17865.2664514
=0.49520297

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=8714.16942495/17598.5291069
=0.49516465

BCE Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.49520297. BCE Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.49516465. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec17)
=17865.2664514/42495.8884799
=0.42039988

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec16)
=17598.5291069/37565.0348602
=0.46848164

BCE Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.42039988. BCE Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.46848164. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+1+1+1+1+0
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

BCE Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


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