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Apple Inc  (NAS:AAPL) Altman Z-Score: 3.82 (As of Today)

Apple Inc has a Z-score of 3.82, indicating it is in Safe Zones. This implies the Z-Score is strong.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

When Z-Score is less than 1.81, it is in Distress Zones.
When Z-Score is greater than 2.99, it is in Safe Zones.
When Z-Score is between 1.81 and 2.99, it is in Grey Zones.

NAS:AAPL' s Altman Z-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 2.05   Max: 10.02
Current: 3.79

2.05
10.02

During the past 13 years, Apple Inc's highest Altman Z-Score was 10.02. The lowest was 2.05. And the median was 5.11.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Apple Inc Annual Data

Sep09 Sep10 Sep11 Sep12 Sep13 Sep14 Sep15 Sep16 Sep17 Sep18
Altman Z-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.06 4.28 3.71 3.62 4.22

Apple Inc Quarterly Data

Dec13 Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18
Altman Z-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 3.62 3.53 3.86 4.13 4.22

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Apple Inc Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where Apple Inc's Altman Z-Score falls into.



Calculation

Z-Score model is an accurate forecaster of failure up to two years prior to distress. It can be considered the assessment of the distress of industrial corporations.

Apple Inc's Altman Z-Score for today is calculated with this formula:

Z=1.2*X1+1.4*X2+3.3*X3+0.6*X4+1.0*X5
=1.2*0.0396+1.4*0.1925+3.3*0.2082+0.6*3.4781+1.0*0.7262
=3.82

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Trailing Twelve Months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2018:
Total Assets was $365,725 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $131,339 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $116,866 Mil.
Retained Earnings was $70,400 Mil.
Pre-Tax Income was 16421 + 13284 + 16168 + 27030 = $72,903 Mil.
Interest Expense was -868 + -846 + -792 + -734 = $-3,240 Mil.
Revenue was 62900 + 53265 + 61137 + 88293 = $265,595 Mil.
Market Cap (M) (Today) was $899,361 Mil.
Total Liabilities was $258,578 Mil.

X1=Working Capital/Total Assets
=(Total Current Assets - Total Current Liabilities)/Total Assets
=(131339 - 116866)/365725
=0.0396

X2=Retained Earnings/Total Assets
=70400/365725
=0.1925

X3=Earnings Before Interest and Taxes/Total Assets
=(Pre-Tax Income + Interest Expense)/Total Assets
=(72903 + -3240)/365725
=0.2082

X4=Market Value Equity/Book Value of Total Liabilities
=Market Cap (M)/Total Liabilities
=899361.140/258578
=3.4781

X5=Revenue/Total Assets
=265595/365725
=0.7262

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Distress Zones - 1.81 < Grey Zones < 2.99 - Safe Zones

Apple Inc has a Z-score of 3.82 indicating it is in Safe Zones.

Study by Altman found that companies that are in Distress Zone have more than 80% of chances of bankruptcy in two years.


Explanation

X1: The Working Capital/Total Assets (WC/TA) ratio is a measure of the net liquid assets of the firm relative to the total capitalization. Working capital is defined as the difference between current assets and current liabilities. Ordinarily, a firm experiencing consistent operating losses will have shrinking current assets in relation to total assets. Altman found this one proved to be the most valuable liquidity ratio comparing with the current ratio and the quick ratio. This is however the least significant of the five factors.

X2: Retained Earnings/Total Assets: the RE/TA ratio measures the leverage of a firm. Retained earnings is the account which reports the total amount of reinvested earnings and/or losses of a firm over its entire life. Those firms with high RE, relative to TA, have financed their assets through retention of profits and have not utilized as much debt.

X3, Earnings Before Interest and Taxes/Total Assets (EBIT/TA): This ratio is a measure of the true productivity of the firm's assets, independent of any tax or leverage factors. Since a firm's ultimate existence is based on the earning power of its assets, this ratio appears to be particularly appropriate for studies dealing with corporate failure. This ratio continually outperforms other profitability measures, including cash flow.

X4, Market Value of Equity/Book Value of Total Liabilities (MVE/TL): The measure shows how much the firm's assets can decline in value (measured by market value of equity plus debt) before the liabilities exceed the assets and the firm becomes insolvent.

X5, Revenue/Total Assets (S/TA): The capital-turnover ratio is a standard financial ratio illustrating the sales generating ability of the firm's assets.

Read more about Altman Z-score and the original research.


Be Aware

Z score does not apply to financial companies.


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