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CBS Corp  (NYSE:CBS) Piotroski F-Score: 5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

CBS Corp has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NYSE:CBS' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 5

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of CBS Corp was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

CBS Corp Annual Data

Dec09 Dec10 Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.00 5.00 7.00 5.00 5.00

CBS Corp Quarterly Data

Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


CBS Corp Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where CBS Corp's Piotroski F-Score falls into.


How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Mar19) TTM:Last Year (Mar18) TTM:
Net Income was 400 + 488 + 561 + 1583 = $3,032 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 326 + 137 + 246 + 438 = $1,147 Mil.
Revenue was 3466 + 3263 + 4024 + 4167 = $14,920 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1282 + 1341 + 1419 + 1419 = $5,461 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar18)
to the end of this year (Mar19) was
(20591 + 20385 + 21068 + 21859 + 24075) / 5 = $21595.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar18) was $20,591 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $9,358 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $6,732 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,492 Mil.
Net Income was 58 + 592 + -41 + 511 = $1,120 Mil.

Revenue was 3257 + 3171 + 3921 + 3761 = $14,110 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1253 + 1309 + 1423 + 1361 = $5,346 Mil.
Average Net Income from the begining of last year (Mar17)
to the end of last year (Mar18) was
(23022 + 22653 + 23894 + 20843 + 20591) / 5 = $22200.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar17) was $23,022 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $9,470 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $6,191 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,069 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

CBS Corp's current Net Income (TTM) was 3,032. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

CBS Corp's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 1,147. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Mar18)
=3032/20591
=0.1472488

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Mar17)
=1120/23022
=0.04864912

CBS Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.1472488. CBS Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.04864912. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

CBS Corp's current Net Income (TTM) was 3,032. CBS Corp's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 1,147. ==> 1,147 <= 3,032 ==> CFROA <= ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar19)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Mar18 to Mar19
=9358/21595.6
=0.43332901

Gearing (Last Year: Mar18)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Mar17 to Mar18
=9470/22200.6
=0.42656505

CBS Corp's gearing of this year was 0.43332901. CBS Corp's gearing of last year was 0.42656505. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar19)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=6732/4492
=1.49866429

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar18)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=6191/4069
=1.52150406

CBS Corp's current ratio of this year was 1.49866429. CBS Corp's current ratio of last year was 1.52150406. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

CBS Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 376. CBS Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 386. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=5461/14920
=0.36601877

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=5346/14110
=0.37888023

CBS Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.36601877. CBS Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.37888023. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar18)
=14920/20591
=0.72458841

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar17)
=14110/23022
=0.61289202

CBS Corp's asset turnover of this year was 0.72458841. CBS Corp's asset turnover of last year was 0.61289202. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+0+0+0+1+0+1
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

CBS Corp has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


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