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Vertex Pharmaceuticals Graham Number

: $107.06 (As of Jun. 2022)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2022-08-11), the stock price of Vertex Pharmaceuticals is $294.29. Vertex Pharmaceuticals's graham number for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2022 was $107.06. Therefore, Vertex Pharmaceuticals's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 2.75.

The historical rank and industry rank for Vertex Pharmaceuticals's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

VRTX' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 2.35   Med: 4.61   Max: 40.01
Current: 2.75

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of Vertex Pharmaceuticals was 40.01. The lowest was 2.35. And the median was 4.61.

VRTX's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked worse than
59.42% of 276 companies
in the Biotechnology industry
Industry Median: 2.29 vs VRTX: 2.75

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


Vertex Pharmaceuticals Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for Vertex Pharmaceuticals's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Vertex Pharmaceuticals Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 13.42 55.93 42.84 80.56 83.24

Vertex Pharmaceuticals Quarterly Data
Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 71.63 77.11 83.33 89.16 107.06

Competitive Comparison

For the Biotechnology subindustry, Vertex Pharmaceuticals's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Vertex Pharmaceuticals Graham Number Distribution

For the Biotechnology industry and Healthcare sector, Vertex Pharmaceuticals's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Vertex Pharmaceuticals's Graham Number falls into.



Vertex Pharmaceuticals Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

Vertex Pharmaceuticals's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*34.179*9.01)
=83.24

Vertex Pharmaceuticals's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2022 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*41.184*12.37)
=107.06

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Vertex Pharmaceuticals  (NAS:VRTX) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

Vertex Pharmaceuticals's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Jun. 2022 )
=294.29/107.06
=2.75

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


Vertex Pharmaceuticals Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Vertex Pharmaceuticals's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Vertex Pharmaceuticals Business Description

Vertex Pharmaceuticals logo
Address
50 Northern Avenue, Boston, MA, USA, 02210
Vertex Pharmaceuticals is a global biotechnology company that discovers and develops small-molecule drugs for the treatment of serious diseases. Its key drugs are Kalydeco, Orkambi, Symdeko, and Trikafta/Kaftrio for cystic fibrosis, where Vertex therapies remain the standard of care globally. In addition to its focus on cystic fibrosis, Vertex is diversifying its pipeline through gene-editing therapies such as CTX001 for beta-thalassemia and sickle-cell disease, small-molecule inhibitors targeting acute and chronic pain using non-opioid treatments, and small-molecule inhibitors of APOL1-mediated kidney diseases. Vertex is also investigating cell therapies to deliver a potential functional cure for type 1 diabetes.
Executives
Upadhyay Suketu director 345 E. MAIN STREET WARSAW IN 46580
Garber Alan M director 3355 MILTON COURT MOUNTAIN VIEW CA 94040
Kearney Terrence C director IN CARE OF HOSPIRA, INC. 275 NORTH FIELD DRIVE LAKE FOREST IL 60045
Carney Lloyd director C/O MICROMUSE INC 139 TOWNSEND ST SAN FRANCISCO CA 94107
Mckenzie Diana director METLIFE 200 PARK AVENUE NEW YORK NY 10166
Bhatia Sangeeta N. director C/O VERTEX PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. 50 NORTHERN AVENUE BOSTON MA 02210
Lee Yuchun director 170 TRACER LA. WALTHAM MA 02451
Ambrose Kristen officer: SVP & Chief Accounting Officer C/O VERTEX PHARMACEUTICALS INCORPORATED 50 NORTHERN AVENUE BOSTON MA 02210
Mcglynn Margaret G director C/O MERCK & CO INC ONE MERCK DRIVE PO BOX 100 WHITEHOUSE STATION NJ 08889-0100
Liu Joy officer: SVP, General Counsel C/O VERTEX PHARMACEUTICALS INCORPORATED 50 NORTHERN AVENUE BOSTON MA 02210
Tatsis Ourania officer: EVP, Chief Reg. & Quality Off. C/O VERTEX PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. 50 NORTHERN AVENUE BOSTON MA 02210
Bozic Carmen officer: EVP and CMO C/O VERTEX PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. 50 NORTHERN AVENUE BOSTON MA 02210
Wagner Charles F Jr officer: EVP & Chief Financial Officer C/O MILLIPORE CORP BILLERICA MA 01820
Arbuckle Stuart A officer: EVP, COO VERTEX PHARMACEUTICALS INCORPORATED 130 WAVERLY ST. CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
Kewalramani Reshma director, officer: CEO & President C/O VERTEX PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. 50 NORTHERN AVENUE BOSTON MA 02210

Vertex Pharmaceuticals Headlines

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