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News (NWSA) Earnings Power Value (EPV) : $5.25 (As of Mar24)


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What is News Earnings Power Value (EPV)?

As of Mar24, News's earnings power value is $5.25. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -401.07

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


News Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for News's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

News Earnings Power Value (EPV) Chart

News Annual Data
Trend Jun14 Jun15 Jun16 Jun17 Jun18 Jun19 Jun20 Jun21 Jun22 Jun23
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 12.59 11.08 9.37 2.97 4.38

News Quarterly Data
Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23 Mar24
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 3.32 4.38 3.97 4.40 5.25

Competitive Comparison of News's Earnings Power Value (EPV)

For the Entertainment subindustry, News's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


News's Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution in the Media - Diversified Industry

For the Media - Diversified industry and Communication Services sector, News's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where News's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



News Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

News's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 9,721
DDA 687
Operating Margin % 6.79
SGA * 25% 826
Tax Rate % 55.16
Maintenance Capex 394
Cash and Cash Equivalents 1,943
Short-Term Debt 167
Long-Term Debt 3,897
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 574

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 6.79%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $9,721 Mil, Average Operating Margin = 6.79%, Average Adjusted SGA = 826,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 9,721 * 6.79% +826 = $1485.840924 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 55.16%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $1485.840924 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 1485.840924 * ( 1 - 55.16% ) = $666.25849952622 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 687 * 0.5 * 55.16% = $189.3625635 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 666.25849952622 + 189.3625635 = $855.62106302622 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
News's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $394 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. News's current cash and cash equivalent = $1,943 Mil.
News's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 3,897 + 167 = $4064 Mil.
News's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 574 Mil.

News's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Mar24 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 855.62106302622 - 394)/ 9%+1,943-4064 )/574
=5.25

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 5.2467411092945-26.29 )/5.2467411092945
= -401.07%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


News  (NAS:NWSA) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


News Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of News's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


News (NWSA) Business Description

Address
1211 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY, USA, 10036
News Corporation is a diversified media conglomerate with significant presence in the U.S, the U.K., and Australia. Key mastheads include The Wall Street Journal, Herald Sun, and The Times. The company also has a strong presence in the Australian pay-TV market through Fox Sports and Foxtel (both 65%-owned), while its 61%-owned REA Group is the dominant real estate classified business in Australia. In addition, it owns HarperCollins, one of the largest book publishers in the world, and also has a substantial digital property advertising business (Move) in the U.S.
Executives
Marygrace Degrazio officer: Chief Accounting Officer 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10036
Kelly Ayotte director C/O NEWS CORPORATION, 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10036
Susan Panuccio officer: Chief Financial Officer C/O NEWS CORPORATION, 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10036
David B Pitofsky officer: General Counsel C/O NEWS CORPORATION, 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10036
Kevin Halpin officer: Deputy Chief Financial Officer 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10036
Joel Klein director C/O NEWS AMERICA INCORPORATED, 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10036
James R Murdoch director C/O LUPA SYSTEMS, 363 LAFAYETTE STREET, NEW YORK NY 10022
John Elkann director 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10003
Elaine L. Chao director C/O DOLE FOOD COMPANY, INC., ONE DOLE DRIVE, WESTLAKE VILLAGE CA 91362
Ana Paula Pessoa director 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10003
Masroor Siddiqui director 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10003
Natalie Bancroft director C/O NEWS AMERICA INCORPORATED, 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10036
Jose Maria Aznar director C/O NEWS AMERICA INCORPORATED, 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10036
Lachlan K Murdoch director C/O NEWS AMERICA INCORPORATED, 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10036
Cruden Financial Services Llc 10 percent owner C/O MCDONALD CARANO WILSON LLP, 100 LIBERTY STREET, RENO NV 89501

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