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Seaboard (Seaboard) Earnings Power Value (EPV) : $-799.88 (As of Mar24)


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What is Seaboard Earnings Power Value (EPV)?

As of Mar24, Seaboard's earnings power value is $-799.88. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is N/A.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Seaboard Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Seaboard's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Seaboard Earnings Power Value (EPV) Chart

Seaboard Annual Data
Trend Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22 Dec23
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 418.98 796.60 504.73 857.75 -840.12

Seaboard Quarterly Data
Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23 Mar24
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 611.61 474.10 699.51 -840.12 -799.88

Competitive Comparison of Seaboard's Earnings Power Value (EPV)

For the Conglomerates subindustry, Seaboard's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Seaboard's Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution in the Conglomerates Industry

For the Conglomerates industry and Industrials sector, Seaboard's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Seaboard's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Seaboard Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Seaboard's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 8,930
DDA 208
Operating Margin % 2.99
SGA * 25% 91
Tax Rate % 24.72
Maintenance Capex 306
Cash and Cash Equivalents 1,157
Short-Term Debt 512
Long-Term Debt 1,299
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 1

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 2.99%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $8,930 Mil, Average Operating Margin = 2.99%, Average Adjusted SGA = 91,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 8,930 * 2.99% +91 = $358.105744 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 24.72%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $358.105744 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 358.105744 * ( 1 - 24.72% ) = $269.58916619808 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 208 * 0.5 * 24.72% = $25.731438 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 269.58916619808 + 25.731438 = $295.32060419808 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Seaboard's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $306 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Seaboard's current cash and cash equivalent = $1,157 Mil.
Seaboard's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 1,299 + 512 = $1811 Mil.
Seaboard's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 1 Mil.

Seaboard's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Mar24 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 295.32060419808 - 306)/ 9%+1,157-1811 )/1
=-799.88

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( -799.87865661884-3018.00 )/-799.87865661884
= N/A

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Seaboard  (AMEX:SEB) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Seaboard Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

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Seaboard (Seaboard) Business Description

Traded in Other Exchanges
N/A
Address
9000 West 67th Street, Merriam, KS, USA, 66202
Seaboard Corp is a diversified group of companies that operate in agricultural and ocean transport businesses. The company is engaged in hog production and pork processing in the United States; commodity trading and grain processing in Africa and South America; cargo shipping services in the U.S., Caribbean and Central and South America; sugar and alcohol production in Argentina; and electric power generation in the Dominican Republic. It also has an equity method investment in Butterball, LLC, a producer and processor of turkey products. The group operates six business segments: pork, commodity trading and milling, marine, sugar and alcohol, power, and turkey. It operates in 45 countries, with a concentration in the U.S. and countries in Central and South America and Africa.
Executives
Cerezo Baena Laura P officer: Assistant Secretary 9000 W 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Barbara M Smith officer: Interim Controller and PAO 9000 W 67TH STREET, MERRIAM KS 66202
Frances B Shifman director 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Vacas Jacques Emma Alejandra officer: Assistant Treasurer 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
James T Hubler officer: Assoc. Gen Counsel & Asst. Sec 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Benjamin R Hodes officer: Vice President, Finance 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Elizabeth A Loudon officer: Vice President, Tax 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
John B Warner officer: Vice President-Human Resources 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Adriana N Hoskins officer: Vice President and Treasurer 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, MERRIAM KS 66202
Peter B Brown officer: Pres. & CEO, Seaboard Foods 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Jacob A. Bresky officer: Vice Pres-Business Development 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, 3RD FLOOR, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Ellen S. Bresky director, 10 percent owner 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, 3RD FLOOR, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Douglas W Baena director
Darwin E Sand officer: Pres. & CEO, Seaboard Foods 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Winfield Ivan J. Jr officer: VP-Information Technology 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202

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