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Bollore SE (XPAR:BOL) Graham Number : €0.41 (As of Dec. 2023)


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What is Bollore SE Graham Number?

Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2024-06-16), the stock price of Bollore SE is €5.74. Bollore SE's graham number for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2023 was €0.41. Therefore, Bollore SE's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 14.15.

The historical rank and industry rank for Bollore SE's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

XPAR:BOL' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 1.42   Med: 1.75   Max: 12.21
Current: 12.21

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of Bollore SE was 12.21. The lowest was 1.42. And the median was 1.75.

XPAR:BOL's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked worse than
98.77% of 489 companies
in the Media - Diversified industry
Industry Median: 1.33 vs XPAR:BOL: 12.21

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


Bollore SE Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for Bollore SE's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Bollore SE Graham Number Chart

Bollore SE Annual Data
Trend Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22 Dec23
Graham Number
Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - - - - 0.47

Bollore SE Semi-Annual Data
Jun14 Dec14 Jun15 Dec15 Jun16 Dec16 Jun17 Dec17 Jun18 Dec18 Jun19 Dec19 Jun20 Dec20 Jun21 Dec21 Jun22 Dec22 Jun23 Dec23
Graham Number Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - 0.97 - - 0.41

Competitive Comparison of Bollore SE's Graham Number

For the Entertainment subindustry, Bollore SE's Price-to-Graham-Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Price-to-Graham-Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Bollore SE's Price-to-Graham-Number Distribution in the Media - Diversified Industry

For the Media - Diversified industry and Communication Services sector, Bollore SE's Price-to-Graham-Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Bollore SE's Price-to-Graham-Number falls into.



Bollore SE Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

Bollore SE's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2023 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*2.438*0.004)
=0.47

Bollore SE's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2023 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*2.438*0.003)
=0.41

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Bollore SE  (XPAR:BOL) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

Bollore SE's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Dec. 2023 )
=5.74/0.41
=14.15

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


Bollore SE Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Bollore SE's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Bollore SE (XPAR:BOL) Business Description

Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
31-32, quai de Dion-Bouton, Puteaux Cedex, Paris, FRA, 92811
Bollore SE is an infrastructure company domiciled in France. The company organizes itself into four segments: transportation and logistics, oil logistics, communication, and Electricity storage and systems. The transportation and logistics segment offers freight forwarding and logistics services. The oil logistics segment distributes oil and fuel. The communication segment provides advertising, cinema, and telecommunications services. The electricity storage and systems segment is engaged in the production and sale of electric batteries and their applications. The firm generates most of the revenue from the communications segment.

Bollore SE (XPAR:BOL) Headlines

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