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CarMax Graham Number

: $68.16 (As of Aug. 2021)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2021-12-01), the stock price of CarMax is $141.25. CarMax's graham number for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2021 was $68.16. Therefore, CarMax's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 2.07.

The historical rank and industry rank for CarMax's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

NYSE:KMX' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.41   Med: 1.75   Max: 3.21
Current: 2.08

0.41
3.21

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of CarMax was 3.21. The lowest was 0.41. And the median was 1.75.

NYSE:KMX's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked lower than
72% of the 875 Companies
in the Vehicles & Parts industry.

( Industry Median: 1.23 vs. NYSE:KMX: 2.08 )

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


CarMax Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for CarMax's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

CarMax Annual Data
Trend Feb12 Feb13 Feb14 Feb15 Feb16 Feb17 Feb18 Feb19 Feb20 Feb21
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 34.96 38.66 46.48 52.64 52.16

CarMax Quarterly Data
Nov16 Feb17 May17 Aug17 Nov17 Feb18 May18 Aug18 Nov18 Feb19 May19 Aug19 Nov19 Feb20 May20 Aug20 Nov20 Feb21 May21 Aug21
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 47.65 50.86 52.10 67.98 68.16

Competitive Comparison

For the Auto & Truck Dealerships subindustry, CarMax's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

CarMax Graham Number Distribution

For the Vehicles & Parts industry and Consumer Cyclical sector, CarMax's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where CarMax's Graham Number falls into.



CarMax Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

CarMax's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Feb. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*26.749*4.52)
=52.16

CarMax's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*29.327*7.04)
=68.16

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


CarMax  (NYSE:KMX) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

CarMax's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Aug. 2021 )
=141.25/68.16
=2.07

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


CarMax Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of CarMax's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


CarMax Business Description

CarMax logo
Industry
Consumer Cyclical » Vehicles & Parts NAICS : 423110 SIC : 5521
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
12800 Tuckahoe Creek Parkway, Richmond, VA, USA, 23238
CarMax sells, finances, and services used and new cars through a chain of 220 used retail stores at the end of fiscal 2021 plus one new vehicle store. It was formed in 1993 as a unit of Circuit City and spun off into an independent company in late 2002. Used-vehicle sales account for about 83% of revenue, wholesale about 14%, and the remaining portion is composed of extended service plans and repair. In fiscal 2021, the company retailed and wholesaled 751,862 and 426,268 used vehicles, respectively. CarMax is the largest used vehicle retailer in the U.S., but still estimates that it has only about 3.5% U.S. market share of vehicles 0 to 10 years old but seeks over 5% by the end of calendar 2025. CarMax is based in Richmond, Virginia.
Executives
Oneil Mark F director C/O CARMAX, INC. 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Reedy Thomas W Jr officer: EVP of Finance 12800 TUCKHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Margolin Eric M officer: EVP, Gen. Counsel & Secretary C/O ADVANCE AUTO PARTS 5673 AIRPORT RD ROANOKE VA 24012
Lyski James officer: EVP & Chief Marketing Officer ONE NATIONWIDE PLAZA 1-38-06 COLUMBUS OH 43215
Nash William D officer: President & CEO 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Daniels Jon G officer: SVP, CAF 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Folliard Thomas J director 4900 COX RD GELN ALLEN VA 23060
Livesay Jill A officer: VP, Controller & PAO CARMAX, INC. 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Cafritz Diane L officer: SVP & CHRO 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Hill Edwin J officer: EVP & COO 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Blaylock Ronald E director PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: BLAYLOCK RONALD E a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Satriano Pietro director C/O US FOODS HOLDING CORP. 9399 W. HIGGINS RD., STE 100 ROSEMONT IL 60018
Shinder Marcella director 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Steenrod Mitchell D director 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PKWY RICHMOND VA 23238
Mccreight David W. director C/O URBAN OUTFITTERS, INC. 5000 SOUTH BROAD STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19112

CarMax Headlines

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