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Microsoft (NAS:MSFT) PE Ratio

: 38.17 (As of Today)
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The PE Ratio, or Price-to-Earnings ratio, or P/E Ratio, is a financial ratio used to compare a company's market price to its Earnings per Share (Diluted). As of today (2024-04-13), Microsoft's share price is $422.12. Microsoft's Earnings per Share (Diluted) for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $11.06. Therefore, Microsoft's PE Ratio for today is 38.17.

During the past 13 years, Microsoft's highest PE Ratio was 62.28. The lowest was 11.98. And the median was 28.73.

Microsoft's EPS (Diluted) for the three months ended in Dec. 2023 was $2.93. Its EPS (Diluted) for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $11.06.

As of today (2024-04-13), Microsoft's share price is $422.12. Microsoft's EPS without NRI for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $11.07. Therefore, Microsoft's PE Ratio without NRI ratio for today is 38.12.

During the past 13 years, Microsoft's highest PE Ratio without NRI was 40.75. The lowest was 11.03. And the median was 26.25.

Microsoft's EPS without NRI for the three months ended in Dec. 2023 was $2.93. Its EPS without NRI for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $11.07.

During the past 12 months, Microsoft's average EPS without NRI Growth Rate was 21.40% per year. During the past 3 years, the average EPS without NRI Growth Rate was 19.40% per year. During the past 5 years, the average EPS without NRI Growth Rate was 22.00% per year. During the past 10 years, the average EPS without NRI Growth Rate was 17.50% per year.

During the past 13 years, Microsoft's highest 3-Year average EPS without NRI Growth Rate was 58.70% per year. The lowest was -11.60% per year. And the median was 21.40% per year.

Microsoft's EPS (Basic) for the three months ended in Dec. 2023 was $2.94. Its EPS (Basic) for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $11.10.

Back to Basics: PE Ratio


Microsoft PE Ratio Historical Data

The historical data trend for Microsoft's PE Ratio can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Microsoft Annual Data
Trend Jun14 Jun15 Jun16 Jun17 Jun18 Jun19 Jun20 Jun21 Jun22 Jun23
PE Ratio
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 26.47 35.33 33.65 26.61 35.18

Microsoft Quarterly Data
Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23
PE Ratio Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 26.65 31.24 35.18 30.57 34.00

Competitive Comparison

For the Software - Infrastructure subindustry, Microsoft's PE Ratio, along with its competitors' market caps and PE Ratio data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Microsoft PE Ratio Distribution

For the Software industry and Technology sector, Microsoft's PE Ratio distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Microsoft's PE Ratio falls into.



Microsoft PE Ratio Calculation

The PE Ratio, or Price-to-Earnings ratio, or P/E Ratio, is a financial ratio used to compare a company's market price to its Earnings per Share (Diluted). It is the most widely used ratio in the valuation of stocks.

Microsoft's PE Ratio for today is calculated as

PE Ratio=Share Price/Earnings per Share (Diluted) (TTM)
=422.12/11.060
=38.17

Microsoft's Share Price of today is $422.12.
Microsoft's Earnings per Share (Diluted) for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 adds up the quarterly data reported by the company within the most recent 12 months, which was $11.06.


* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

It can also be calculated from the numbers for the whole company:


There are at least three kinds of PE Ratios used by different investors. They are Trailing Twelve Month PE Ratio, Forward PE Ratio, or PE Ratio without NRI. A new PE Ratio based on inflation-adjusted normalized PE Ratio is called Shiller PE Ratio, after Yale professor Robert Shiller.

In the calculation of PE Ratio, the earnings per share used are the earnings per share over the past 12 months. For Forward PE Ratio, the earnings are the expected earnings for the next twelve months. In the case of PE Ratio without NRI, the reported earnings less the non-recurring items are used.

For Shiller PE Ratio, the earnings of the past 10 years are inflation-adjusted and averaged. Since it looks at the average over the last 10 years, Shiller PE Ratio is also called PE10.


Microsoft  (NAS:MSFT) PE Ratio Explanation

The PE Ratio can be viewed as the number of years it takes for the company to earn back the price you pay for the stock. For example, if a company earns $2 a share per year, and the stock is traded at $30, the PE Ratio is 15. Therefore it takes 15 years for the company to earn back the $30 you paid for its stock, assuming the earnings stays constant over the next 15 years.

In real business, earnings never stay constant. If a company can grow its earnings, it takes fewer years for the company to earn back the price you pay for the stock. If a company's earnings decline it takes more years. As a shareholder, you want the company to earn back the price you pay as soon as possible. Therefore, lower P/E stocks are more attractive than higher P/E stocks so long as the PE Ratio is positive. Also for stocks with the same PE Ratio, the one with faster growth business is more attractive.

If a company loses money, the PE Ratio becomes meaningless.

To compare stocks with different growth rates, Peter Lynch invented a ratio called PEG Ratio. PEG Ratio is defined as the PE Ratio divided by the growth ratio. He thinks a company with a PE Ratio equal to its growth rate is fairly valued. Still he said he would rather buy a company growing 20% a year with a PE Ratio of 20, instead of a company growing 10% a year with a PE Ratio of 10.

Because the PE Ratio measures how long it takes to earn back the price you pay, the PE Ratio can be applied to the stocks across different industries. That is why it is the one of the most important and widely used indicators for the valuation of stocks.

Similar to the PE Ratio without NRI or PS Ratio or Price-to-Operating-Cash-Flow or Price-to-Free-Cash-Flow , the PE Ratio measures the valuation based on the earning power of the company. This is where it is different from the PB Ratio , which measures the valuation based on the company's balance sheet.


Be Aware

Investors need to be aware that the PE Ratio can be misleading a lot of times, especially when the underlying business is cyclical and unpredictable. As Peter Lynch pointed out, cyclical businesses have higher profit margins at the peaks of the business cycles. Their earnings are high and PE Ratios are artificially low. It is usually a bad idea to buy a cyclical business when the PE Ratio is low. A better ratio to identify the time to buy a cyclical businesses is the PS Ratio.

PE Ratio can also be affected by non-recurring-items such as the sale of part of businesses. This may increase for the current year or quarter dramatically. But it cannot be repeated over and over. Therefore PE Ratio without NRI is a more accurate indication of valuation than PE Ratio.


Microsoft PE Ratio Related Terms

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Microsoft (NAS:MSFT) Business Description

Address
One Microsoft Way, Redmond, WA, USA, 98052-6399
Microsoft develops and licenses consumer and enterprise software. It is known for its Windows operating systems and Office productivity suite. The company is organized into three equally sized broad segments: productivity and business processes (legacy Microsoft Office, cloud-based Office 365, Exchange, SharePoint, Skype, LinkedIn, Dynamics), intelligence cloud (infrastructure- and platform-as-a-service offerings Azure, Windows Server OS, SQL Server), and more personal computing (Windows Client, Xbox, Bing search, display advertising, and Surface laptops, tablets, and desktops).
Executives
Kathleen T Hogan officer: EVP, Human Resources C/O MICROSOFT CORPORATION, ONE MICROSOFT WAY, REDMOND WA 98052-6399
Judson Althoff officer: EVP, Chief Commercial Officer MICROSOFT CORPORATION, ONE MICROSOFT WAY, REDMOND WA 98052
Satya Nadella director, officer: Chief Executive Officer C/O MICROSOFT CORPORATION, ONE MICROSOFT WAY, REDMOND WA 98052-6399
Bradford L Smith officer: Executive Vice President MICROSOFT CORPORATION, ONE MICROSOFT WAY, REDMOND WA 98052-6399
Teri List director 2200 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, SUITE 800W, WASHINGTON DC 20037
Christopher C Capossela officer: EVP, Chief Marketing Officer C/O MICROSOFT CORPORATION, ONE MICROSOFT WAY, REDMOND WA 98052-6399
Amy Hood officer: Chief Financial Officer C/O MICROSOFT CORPORATION, ONE MICROSOFT WAY, REDMOND WA 98052-6399
Emma N Walmsley director C/O MICROSOFT CORPORATION, ONE MICROSOFT WAY, REDMOND WA 98052-6399
Carlos A Rodriguez director 10200 SUNSET DRIVE, MIAMI FL 33173
Christopher David Young officer: EVP, Business Development C/O MICROSOFT CORPORATION, ONE MICROSOFT WAY, REDMOND WA 98052-6399
John W Stanton director 3650 131ST AVE SE #400, WESTERN WIRELESS CORP, BELLEVUE WA 98006
Charles W Scharf director C/O VISA INC., 900 METRO CENTER BLVD., FOSTER CITY CA 94404
Hugh F Johnston director PEPSICO, INC., 700 ANDERSON HILL ROAD, PURCHASE NY 10577
Reid Hoffman director C/O LINKEDIN CORPORATION, 2029 STIERLIN COURT, MOUNTAIN VIEW CA 94043
Sandra E Peterson director 100 PARSONS POND DRIVE, FRANKLIN LAKES NJ 07417