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Paychex (Paychex) Earnings Power Value (EPV) : $48.99 (As of May24)


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What is Paychex Earnings Power Value (EPV)?

As of May24, Paychex's earnings power value is $48.99. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -150.41

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Paychex Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Paychex's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Paychex Earnings Power Value (EPV) Chart

Paychex Annual Data
Trend May15 May16 May17 May18 May19 May20 May21 May22 May23 May24
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 32.56 35.53 40.03 45.20 48.99

Paychex Quarterly Data
Aug19 Nov19 Feb20 May20 Aug20 Nov20 Feb21 May21 Aug21 Nov21 Feb22 May22 Aug22 Nov22 Feb23 May23 Aug23 Nov23 Feb24 May24
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 45.20 46.47 46.78 48.63 48.99

Competitive Comparison of Paychex's Earnings Power Value (EPV)

For the Staffing & Employment Services subindustry, Paychex's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Paychex's Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution in the Business Services Industry

For the Business Services industry and Industrials sector, Paychex's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Paychex's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Paychex Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Paychex's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 4,599
DDA 189
Operating Margin % 38.60
SGA * 25% 359
Tax Rate % 23.69
Maintenance Capex 113
Cash and Cash Equivalents 1,503
Short-Term Debt 19
Long-Term Debt 848
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 362

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 38.60%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $4,599 Mil, Average Operating Margin = 38.60%, Average Adjusted SGA = 359,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 4,599 * 38.60% +359 = $2134.3916912 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 23.69%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $2134.3916912 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 2134.3916912 * ( 1 - 23.69% ) = $1628.6795958455 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 189 * 0.5 * 23.69% = $22.4282671 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 1628.6795958455 + 22.4282671 = $1651.1078629455 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Paychex's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $113 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Paychex's current cash and cash equivalent = $1,503 Mil.
Paychex's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 848 + 19 = $866.3 Mil.
Paychex's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 362 Mil.

Paychex's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for May24 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 1651.1078629455 - 113)/ 9%+1,503-866.3 )/362
=48.99

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 48.994799549952-122.69 )/48.994799549952
= -150.41%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Paychex  (NAS:PAYX) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Paychex Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Paychex's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Paychex (Paychex) Business Description

Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
911 Panorama Trail South, Rochester, NY, USA, 14625-2396
Paychex is a leading provider of payroll, human capital management, and insurance solutions servicing small and midsize clients primarily in the United States. The company, established in 1979, services over 740,000 clients and pays over 1 in 12 U.S. private-sector workers. Alongside its traditional payroll services, Paychex offers HCM solutions such as benefits administration and time and attendance software, as well as human resources outsourcing and insurance agency services.
Executives
Flaschen David J S director 911 PANORAMA TRAIL SOUTH, ROCHESTER NY 14625
Christopher C Simmons officer: VP, Controller & Treasurer 911 PANORAMA TRAIL SOUTH, ROCHESTER NY 14625
Michael E Gioja officer: Sr. Vice President 911 PANORAMA TRAIL SOUTH, ROCHESTER NY 14625
Efrain Rivera officer: Sr. Vice President, CFO 911 PANORAMA TRAIL SOUTH, ROCHESTER NY 14625
Martin Mucci officer: Sr. Vice President 911 PANORAMA TRAIL S, ROCHESTER NY 14625
Joseph M Tucci director EMC CORPORATION, 176 SOUTH STREET, HOPKINTON MA 01748
Joseph M Velli director
Elizabeth Roaldsen officer: Sr. Vice President 911 PANORAMA TRAIL SOUTH, ROCHESTER NY 14625
Karen E. Saunders-mcclendon officer: VP, Chief Human Resources Offi 911 PANORAMA TRAIL SOUTH, ROCHESTER NY 14625
Theresa M. Payton director 911 PANORAMA TRAIL SOUTH, ROCHESTER NY 14625
John B Gibson officer: Sr. VP, Service CONVERGYS CORPORATION, 201 EAST FOURTH STREET, CINCINNATI OH 45202
Mark Anthony Bottini officer: Sr. VP of Sales 911 PANORAMA TRAIL SOUTH, ROCHESTER NY 14625
Robert L. Schrader officer: VP/Controller 911 PANORAMA TRAIL SOUTH, ROCHESTER NY 14625
Stephanie L Schaeffer officer: Chief Legal Officer 911 PANORAMA TRAIL SOUTH, ROCHESTER NY 14625
Joseph Doody director CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS INC, 25 GREENS HILL LANE PO BOX 866, RUTLAND VT 05701

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