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Macy's Piotroski F-Score

: 2 (As of Today)
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Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 2 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Macy's has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.

NYSE:M' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 1   Med: 6   Max: 9
Current: 2

1
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Macy's was 9. The lowest was 1. And the median was 6.


Macy's Piotroski F-Score Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Macy's Annual Data
Jan11 Jan12 Jan13 Jan14 Jan15 Jan16 Jan17 Jan18 Jan19 Jan20
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.00 8.00 8.00 6.00 5.00

Macy's Quarterly Data
Jan16 Apr16 Jul16 Oct16 Jan17 Apr17 Jul17 Oct17 Jan18 Apr18 Jul18 Oct18 Jan19 Apr19 Jul19 Oct19 Jan20 Apr20 Jul20 Oct20
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 4.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Macy's Piotroski F-Score Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where Macy's's Piotroski F-Score falls into.


How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Oct20) TTM:Last Year (Oct19) TTM:
Net Income was 340 + -3581 + -431 + -91 = $-3,763 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 1436 + -164 + 157 + 251 = $1,680 Mil.
Revenue was 8577 + 3148 + 3727 + 4185 = $19,637 Mil.
Gross Profit was 3311 + 647 + 1009 + 1616 = $6,583 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Oct19)
to the end of this year (Oct20) was
(22547 + 21172 + 18581 + 17614 + 19214) / 5 = $19825.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Oct19) was $22,547 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $8,118 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $7,357 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $6,651 Mil.
Net Income was 740 + 136 + 86 + 2 = $964 Mil.

Revenue was 8695 + 5676 + 5722 + 5356 = $25,449 Mil.
Gross Profit was 3407 + 2273 + 2327 + 2250 = $10,257 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Oct18)
to the end of last year (Oct19) was
(20361 + 19194 + 21296 + 20741 + 22547) / 5 = $20827.8 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Oct18) was $20,361 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $7,496 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $8,301 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $6,479 Mil.

*Note: If the latest quarterly/semi-annual/annual total assets data is 0, then we will use previous quarterly/semi-annual/annual data for all the items in the balance sheet.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Macy's's current Net Income (TTM) was -3,763. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Macy's's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 1,680. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Oct19)
=-3763/22547
=-0.16689582

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Oct18)
=964/20361
=0.04734542

Macy's's return on assets of this year was -0.16689582. Macy's's return on assets of last year was 0.04734542. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Macy's's current Net Income (TTM) was -3,763. Macy's's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 1,680. ==> 1,680 > -3,763 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Oct20)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Oct19 to Oct20
=8118/19825.6
=0.40947058

Gearing (Last Year: Oct19)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Oct18 to Oct19
=7496/20827.8
=0.35990359

Macy's's gearing of this year was 0.40947058. Macy's's gearing of last year was 0.35990359. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Oct20)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=7357/6651
=1.10614945

Current Ratio (Last Year: Oct19)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=8301/6479
=1.28121624

Macy's's current ratio of this year was 1.10614945. Macy's's current ratio of last year was 1.28121624. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Macy's's number of shares in issue this year was 311.2. Macy's's number of shares in issue last year was 311. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=6583/19637
=0.33523451

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=10257/25449
=0.40304138

Macy's's gross margin of this year was 0.33523451. Macy's's gross margin of last year was 0.40304138. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Oct19)
=19637/22547
=0.87093627

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Oct18)
=25449/20361
=1.24988949

Macy's's asset turnover of this year was 0.87093627. Macy's's asset turnover of last year was 1.24988949. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=0+1+0+1+0+0+0+0+0
=2

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Macy's has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.

Macy's  (NYSE:M) Piotroski F-Score Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


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