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Apple Graham Number

: €20.42 (As of Jun. 2022)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2022-08-12), the stock price of Apple is €164.00. Apple's graham number for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2022 was €20.42. Therefore, Apple's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 8.03.

The historical rank and industry rank for Apple's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

FRA:APC' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.76   Med: 1.98   Max: 7.63
Current: 7.63

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of Apple was 7.63. The lowest was 0.76. And the median was 1.98.

FRA:APC's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked worse than
97.08% of 1644 companies
in the Hardware industry
Industry Median: 1.26 vs FRA:APC: 7.63

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


Apple Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for Apple's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Apple Annual Data
Trend Sep12 Sep13 Sep14 Sep15 Sep16 Sep17 Sep18 Sep19 Sep20 Sep21
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 15.44 16.66 16.75 14.31 18.72

Apple Quarterly Data
Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 17.57 18.56 21.29 21.36 20.42

Competitive Comparison

For the Consumer Electronics subindustry, Apple's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Apple Graham Number Distribution

For the Hardware industry and Technology sector, Apple's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Apple's Graham Number falls into.



Apple Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

Apple's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Sep. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*3.265*4.769)
=18.72

Apple's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2022 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*3.415*5.428)
=20.42

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Apple  (FRA:APC) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

Apple's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Jun. 2022 )
=164.00/20.42
=8.03

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


Apple Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Apple's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Apple Business Description

Apple logo
Address
One Apple Park Way, Cupertino, CA, USA, 95014
Apple designs a wide variety of consumer electronic devices, including smartphones (iPhone), tablets (iPad), PCs (Mac), smartwatches (Apple Watch), AirPods, and TV boxes (Apple TV), among others. The iPhone makes up the majority of Apple's total revenue. In addition, Apple offers its customers a variety of services such as Apple Music, iCloud, Apple Care, Apple TV+, Apple Arcade, Apple Card, and Apple Pay, among others. Apple's products run internally developed software and semiconductors, and the firm is well known for its integration of hardware, software and services. Apple's products are distributed online as well as through company-owned stores and third-party retailers. The company generates roughly 40% of its revenue from the Americas, with the remainder earned internationally.

Apple Headlines

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