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Caterpillar Graham Number

: $67.86 (As of Jun. 2022)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2022-08-11), the stock price of Caterpillar is $194.00. Caterpillar's graham number for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2022 was $67.86. Therefore, Caterpillar's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 2.86.

The historical rank and industry rank for Caterpillar's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

CAT' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.76   Med: 2.05   Max: 18.95
Current: 2.86

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of Caterpillar was 18.95. The lowest was 0.76. And the median was 2.05.

CAT's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked worse than
84.93% of 146 companies
in the Farm & Heavy Construction Machinery industry
Industry Median: 1.04 vs CAT: 2.86

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


Caterpillar Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for Caterpillar's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Caterpillar Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 15.98 48.75 54.76 41.46 67.30

Caterpillar Quarterly Data
Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 55.15 59.79 67.33 70.25 67.86

Competitive Comparison

For the Farm & Heavy Construction Machinery subindustry, Caterpillar's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Caterpillar Graham Number Distribution

For the Farm & Heavy Construction Machinery industry and Industrials sector, Caterpillar's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Caterpillar's Graham Number falls into.



Caterpillar Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

Caterpillar's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*17.015*11.83)
=67.30

Caterpillar's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2022 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*16.372*12.5)
=67.86

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Caterpillar  (NYSE:CAT) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

Caterpillar's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Jun. 2022 )
=194.00/67.86
=2.86

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


Caterpillar Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Caterpillar's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Caterpillar Business Description

Caterpillar logo
Address
510 Lake Cook Road, Suite 100, Deerfield, IL, USA, 60015
Caterpillar is an iconic manufacturer of heavy equipment, power solutions, and locomotives. It is currently the world's largest manufacturer of heavy equipment with over 13% market share in 2021. The company is divided into four reportable segments: construction industries, resource industries, energy and transportation, and Caterpillar Financial Services. Its products are available through a dealer network that covers the globe with over 2,000 branches maintained by 168 dealers. Caterpillar Financial Services provides retail financing for machinery and engines to its customers, in addition to wholesale financing for dealers, which increases the likelihood of Caterpillar product sales.
Executives
Schaupp William E officer: Chief Accounting Officer PPG INDUSTRIES, INC. ONE PPG PLACE PITTSBURGH PA 15272
Maclennan David director 14701 CHARLSON ROAD EDEN PRAIRIE MN 55347
Johnson Gerald director 300 RENAISSANCE CENTER M/C: 482-C23-A68 DETROIT MI 48265
Fassino Anthony D. officer: Group President 510 LAKE COOK ROAD SUITE 100 DEERFIELD IL 60015
Marvel Gary Michael officer: Chief Accounting Officer 510 LAKE COOK ROAD SUITE 100 DEERFIELD IL 60015
Ainsworth William P officer: Group President 510 LAKE COOK ROAD SUITE 100 DEERFIELD X1 60015
Bonfield Andrew R J officer: Chief Financial Officer C/O BRISTOL MYERS SQUIBB CO 345 PARK AVE NEW YORK NY 10164
Younessi Ramin officer: Group President 510 LAKE COOK ROAD SUITE 100 DEERFIELD IL 60015
Creed Joseph E officer: Interim CFO 510 LAKE COOK ROAD SUITE 100 DEERFIELD IL 60015
Ayotte Kelly director C/O NEWS CORPORATION 1211 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS NEW YORK NY 10036
Johnson Cheryl H officer: Chief Human Resources Officer 40 WESTMINSTER STREET PROVIDENCE RI 02903
Wilkins Rayford Jr director 208 S. AKARD ST. -- DALLAS TX 75202
Long Suzette M officer: Int. Executive Vice President 510 LAKE COOK ROAD SUITE 100 DEERFILED IL 60015
De Lange Bob officer: Group President 510 LAKE COOK ROAD SUITE 100 DEERFIELD IL 60015
Johnson Denise C officer: Group President C/O CATERPILLAR, INCORPORATED 901 WEST WASHINGTON, CV41110 EAST PEORIA IL 61630

Caterpillar Headlines

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