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Pfizer Graham Number

: $6.51 (As of Mar. 2022)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2022-08-11), the stock price of Pfizer is $49.95. Pfizer's graham number for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 was $6.51. Therefore, Pfizer's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 7.09.

The historical rank and industry rank for Pfizer's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

PFE' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.98   Med: 2.92   Max: 14.89
Current: 7.67

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of Pfizer was 14.89. The lowest was 0.98. And the median was 2.92.

PFE's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked worse than
95.25% of 568 companies
in the Drug Manufacturers industry
Industry Median: 1.61 vs PFE: 7.67

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


Pfizer Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for Pfizer's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Pfizer Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - - - - 6.70

Pfizer Quarterly Data
Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - - 6.65 6.51 -

Competitive Comparison

For the Drug Manufacturers - General subindustry, Pfizer's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Pfizer Graham Number Distribution

For the Drug Manufacturers industry and Healthcare sector, Pfizer's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Pfizer's Graham Number falls into.



Pfizer Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

Pfizer's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*0.507*3.93)
=6.70

Pfizer's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*0.429*5.14)
=7.04

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Pfizer  (NYSE:PFE) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

Pfizer's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Mar. 2022 )
=49.95/7.04
=7.09

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


Pfizer Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Pfizer's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Pfizer Business Description

Pfizer logo
Address
235 East 42nd Street, New York, NY, USA, 10017
Pfizer is one of the world's largest pharmaceutical firms, with annual sales close to $50 billion (excluding COVID-19 vaccine sales). While it historically sold many types of healthcare products and chemicals, now, prescription drugs and vaccines account for the majority of sales. Top sellers include pneumococcal vaccine Prevnar 13, cancer drug Ibrance, cardiovascular treatment Eliquis, and immunology drug Xeljanz. Pfizer sells these products globally, with international sales representing close to 50% of its total sales. Within international sales, emerging markets are a major contributor.
Executives
Denton David M officer: Chief Financial Officer & EVP 1000 LOWE'S BOULEVARD MOORESVILLE NC 28117
Pao William officer: Executive Vice President C/O CORPORATE SECRETARY 235 EAST 42ND STREET NEW YORK NY 10017
Mcdermott Michael officer: Executive Vice President C/O PFIZER INC. CORPORATE SECRETARY 235 EAST 42ND STREET 235 EAST 42ND STREET NY 10017
Malik Aamir officer: Executive Vice President C/O PFIZER INC. CORPORATE SECRETARY 235 EAST 42ND STREET NEW YORK NY 10017
Carapezzi William R Jr officer: Executive Vice President 600 MOUNTAIN AVENUE MURRAY HILL NJ 07921
Sahni Payal officer: Executive Vice President ATTN: PFIZER CORP. SECRETARY 235 EAST 42ND ST. NEW YORK NY 10017
Desmond-hellmann Susan director 513 PARNASSUS AVENUE S126 SAN FRANCISCO CA 94143
Hockfield Susan director GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY 41 FARNSWORTH STREET BOSTON MA 02210
Damico Jennifer B. officer: SVP & Controller C/O PFIZER INC. CORPORATE SECRETARY 235 EAST 42ND STREET NEW YORK NY 10017
Quincey James director THE COCA-COLA COMPANY ONE COCA-COLA PLAZA ATLANTA GA 30313
Gottlieb Scott director MOLECULAR INSIGHT PHARMACEUTICALS 160 SECOND STREET CAMBRIDGE MA 02142
Fonseca Lidia officer: Executive Vice President 358 SOUTH MAIN STREET BURLINGTON NC 27215
Goettler Michael officer: Group President 1000 MYLAN BOULEVARD CANONSBURG PA 15317
Rogers Dawn officer: Executive Vice President 235 EAST 42ND STREET NEW YORK NY 10017
Littman Dan R. director ATTN: CORPORATE SECRETARY PFIZER INC. 235 E. 42ND ST NEW YORK NY 10017

Pfizer Headlines

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