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Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Probability of Financial Distress (%)

: 0.01% (As of Today)
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Probability of Financial Distress (%) measures the probability that a company will go bankrupt in the upcoming year given its current financial position. A higher ratio indicates a larger probability of bankruptcy for the company, while a lower ratio indicates a healthier fundamental. As of today, Delaware Investments Natl Muniome's Probability of Financial Distress (%) is 0.01%.

Like the Altman Z-Score, the PFD measures a company's bankruptcy risk. However, the main drawback of the Z-score is it does not apply to banks and insurance companies. According to Investopedia, the concept of "working capital" does not apply to banks and insurance companies, as financial institutions do not have typical current assets or current liabilities like inventories or accounts payable.


Competitive Comparison

For the Asset Management subindustry, Delaware Investments Natl Muniome's Probability of Financial Distress (%), along with its competitors' market caps and Probability of Financial Distress (%) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Probability of Financial Distress (%) Distribution

For the Asset Management industry and Financial Services sector, Delaware Investments Natl Muniome's Probability of Financial Distress (%) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Delaware Investments Natl Muniome's Probability of Financial Distress (%) falls into.



Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Probability of Financial Distress (%) Calculation

Probability of Financial Distress (%) (PFD) was developed by John Campbell, Jens Hilscher and Jan Szilagyi in their Search of Distress Risk. It measures the probability that a company will go bankrupt within the next 12 months given its current financial position.

The Probability of Financial Distress (%) was obtained by a logit probability model based on eight explanatory variables. The logit formula to compute the probability of financial distress (LPFD) is given below:

LPFD= -20.12 * NIMTAAVG + 1.60 * TLMTA - 7.88 * EXRETAVG + 1.55 * SIGMA - 0.005 * RSIZE - 2.27 * CASHMTA + 0.070 * MB - 0.09 * PRICE -8.87
=-9.77

The Probability of Financial Distress (%) (PFD) was then obtianed by:

PFD=1/(1 + e^(-LPFD))*100%
=0.01%

The eight explanatory variables are:

1. NIMTAAVG = Net Income to Market Total Assets

NIMTAAVG=Net Income / Market Total Assets
=Net Income / (Market Cap + Total Liabilities)

*Note that for companies reported quarterly, geometrically declining weighted quarterly Net Income data in latest four quarters are used.

2. TLMTA = Total liabilities to Market Total Assets

TLMTA=Total Liabilities / Market Total Assets

3. CASHMTA = Cash to Market Total Assets

For banks, CASHMTA is measured as:

CASHMTA=(Cash and cash equivalents + Money Market Investments) / Market Total Assets

4. EXRETAVG = Excess Return compared to the S&P 500

EXRETAVG is the weighted excess return compared to the S&P 500 in past 12 month. Geometrically declining weights are imposed on the monthly excess return to reflect lagged information. The weight is halved each quarter.

5. SIGMA = Standard Deviation of Daily Returns

For sigma, we use the annualized standard deviation of a company's returns over the past 92 days (or 63 trading days).

6. RSIZE = Relative Size

RSIZE=log (Market Cap / Total Market Cap of S&P 500 companies)

7. MB = Market to Adjusted Book Equity Ratio


8. PRICE

PRICE is measured as the log of the stock price, capped at log(15).


Delaware Investments Natl Muniome  (AMEX:VFL) Probability of Financial Distress (%) Explanation

Like the Altman Z-Score, the PFD measures a company's bankruptcy risk in the upcoming year. However, the main drawback of the Z-score is it does not apply to banks and insurance companies. According to Investopedia, the concept of "working capital" does not apply to banks and insurance companies, as financial institutions do not have typical current assets or current liabilities like inventories or accounts payable.


Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Probability of Financial Distress (%) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Delaware Investments Natl Muniome's Probability of Financial Distress (%) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Delaware Investments Natl Muniome Business Description

Delaware Investments Natl Muniome logo
Industry
Financial Services » Asset Management NAICS : 523920 SIC : 6799
Traded in Other Exchanges
N/A
Address
610 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 19106
Delaware Investments Natl Muni Income is a closed-end investment fund. The Fund seeks to provide current income exempt from regular federal income tax consistent with the preservation of capital.
Executives
Wells Fargo Bank N A 10 percent owner 101 NORTH PHILLIPS AVENUE SIOUX FALLS SD 57104
Toronto Dominion Holdings Usa Inc 10 percent owner 40 WALL STREET NEW YORK NY 10003
Toronto Dominion Bank 10 percent owner 66 WELLINGTON STREET WEST 15TH FLOOR, TD TOWER TORONTO, ONTARIO A6 M5K 1A2
Toronto Dominion Investments, Inc. 10 percent owner 909 FANIN SUITE 1950 HOUSTON TX 77010
Td Group Us Holdings Llc 10 percent owner 251 LITTLE FALLS DRIVE WILMINGTON DE 19808
Van Roden Jake officer: SVP/Portfolio Manager 2005 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19103
Wood Christianna director 330 OLD Y ROAD GOLDEN CO 80401
Abernathy Jerome director 2005 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19103
Lytle Shawn director, officer: Trustee C/O DELAWARE INVESTMENTS 2005 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19103
Borowiec Ann Dully director, officer: Board Member C/O DELAWARE INVESTMENTS 2005 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19103
Chow Joseph W director STATE STREET CORP 225 FRANKLIN ST BOSTON MA 02110
Whitford Thomas K director 249 FIFTH AVE P1-POPP-30-1 PITTSBURGH PA 15222
Gizzi Gregory A. officer: VP/Portfolio Manager C/O DELAWARE INVESTMENTS 2005 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19103
Sevilla-sacasa Frances Aldrich director 3 GREENWAY PLAZA SUITE 1300 HOUSTON TX 77046
Zecher Richard director 2 SUTTON PLACE SOUTH, 19A NEW YORK NY 10022

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