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Elevance Health (Elevance Health) Earnings Power Value (EPV) : $-1.33 (As of Mar24)


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What is Elevance Health Earnings Power Value (EPV)?

As of Mar24, Elevance Health's earnings power value is $-1.33. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is N/A.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Elevance Health Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Elevance Health's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Elevance Health Earnings Power Value (EPV) Chart

Elevance Health Annual Data
Trend Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22 Dec23
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -20.14 -5.77 -15.17 -1.29 6.64

Elevance Health Quarterly Data
Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23 Mar24
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 11.54 14.08 18.76 6.64 -1.33

Competitive Comparison of Elevance Health's Earnings Power Value (EPV)

For the Healthcare Plans subindustry, Elevance Health's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Elevance Health's Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution in the Healthcare Plans Industry

For the Healthcare Plans industry and Healthcare sector, Elevance Health's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Elevance Health's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Elevance Health Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Elevance Health's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 142,113
DDA 1,410
Operating Margin % 0.00
SGA * 25% 3,544
Tax Rate % 22.61
Maintenance Capex 1,025
Cash and Cash Equivalents 35,756
Short-Term Debt 4,475
Long-Term Debt 21,976
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 234

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 0.00%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $142,113 Mil, Average Operating Margin = 0.00%, Average Adjusted SGA = 3,544,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 142,113 * 0.00% +3,544 = $ Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 22.61%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $ Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = * ( 1 - 22.61% ) = $0 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 1,410 * 0.5 * 22.61% = $159.4125335 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 0 + 159.4125335 = $159.4125335 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Elevance Health's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $1,025 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Elevance Health's current cash and cash equivalent = $35,756 Mil.
Elevance Health's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 21,976 + 4,475 = $26451 Mil.
Elevance Health's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 234 Mil.

Elevance Health's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Mar24 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 159.4125335 - 1,025)/ 9%+35,756-26451 )/234
=-1.33

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( -1.3325014944492-543.94 )/-1.3325014944492
= N/A

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Elevance Health  (NYSE:ELV) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Elevance Health Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Elevance Health's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Elevance Health (Elevance Health) Business Description

Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
220 Virginia Avenue, Indianapolis, IN, USA, 46204
Elevance Health remains one of the leading health insurers in the U.S., providing medical benefits to 48 million medical members as of June 2023. The company offers employer, individual, and government-sponsored coverage plans. Elevance differs from its peers in its unique position as the largest single provider of Blue Cross Blue Shield branded coverage, operating as the licensee for the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association in 14 states. Through acquisitions, such as the Amerigroup deal in 2012 and MMM in 2021, Elevance's reach expands beyond those states through government-sponsored programs such as Medicaid and Medicare Advantage plans, too.
Executives
Blair Williams Todt officer: EVP and Chief Legal Officer 8735 HENDERSON ROAD, TAMPA FL 33625
Ronald W Penczek officer: SVP, Chief Accounting Officer 120 MONUMENT CIRCLE, INDIANAPOLIS IN 46204
Mark Kaye officer: EVP & CFO Designate 7 WORLD TRADE CENTER, 250 GREENWICH ST, NEW YORK NY 10007
Dixon Robert L Jr director 120 MONUMENT CIRCLE, INDIANAPOLIS IN 46204
Gloria M Mccarthy officer: EVP, Office of the CEO WELLPOINT, INC, 120 MONUMENT CIRCLE, INDIANAPOLIS IN 46204
Kendrick Charles Morgan Jr officer: EVP & President, Commercial 220 VIRGINIA AVE, INDIANAPOLIS IN 46204
Deanna D Strable-soethout director C/O PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL GROUP, 711 HIGH ST., DES MOINES IA 50392
Ramiro G Peru director WELLPOINT, INC, 120 MONUMENT CIRCLE, INDIANAPOLIS IN 46260
Peter D Haytaian officer: EVP & Pres., Govt. Bus. Div. 220 VIRGINIA AVE, INDIANAPOLIS IN 46204
Susan D. Devore director C/O PREMIER, INC., 13034 BALLANTYNE CORPORATE PLACE, CHARLOTTE NC 28277
Ryan M. Schneider director 1680 CAPITAL ONE DRIVE, MCLEAN VA 22102
John E Gallina officer: SVP & Chief Accounting Officer 120 MONUMENT CIRCLE, INDIANAPOLIS IN 46204
Julie A Hill director WELLPOINT, INC, 120 MONUMENT CIRCLE, INDIANAPOLIS IN 46204
Thomas C Zielinski officer: EVP & General Counsel
Jeffrey D. Alter officer: EVP, IngenioRx & Anthem Health 4330 LA JOLLA VILLAGE DRIVE, SUITE 200, SAN DIEGO CA 92122

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