GURUFOCUS.COM » STOCK LIST » USA » NYSE » Alcon Inc (NYSE:ALC) » Definitions » Graham Number
Switch to:

Alcon Graham Number

: $8.20 (As of Mar. 2022)
View and export this data going back to 2019. Start your Free Trial

Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2022-08-09), the stock price of Alcon is $76.04. Alcon's graham number for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 was $8.20. Therefore, Alcon's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 9.28.

The historical rank and industry rank for Alcon's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

ALC' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 9.6   Med: 12.45   Max: 17.6
Current: 9.64

During the past 6 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of Alcon was 17.60. The lowest was 9.60. And the median was 12.45.

ALC's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked worse than
94.34% of 371 companies
in the Medical Devices & Instruments industry
Industry Median: 1.94 vs ALC: 9.64

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


Alcon Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for Alcon's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Alcon Annual Data
Trend Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
Graham Number
Premium Member Only 7.88 - - - 7.44

Alcon Quarterly Data
Dec16 Dec17 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - 4.07 6.32 7.46 8.20

Competitive Comparison

For the Medical Instruments & Supplies subindustry, Alcon's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Alcon Graham Number Distribution

For the Medical Devices & Instruments industry and Healthcare sector, Alcon's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Alcon's Graham Number falls into.



Alcon Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

Alcon's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*3.236*0.76)
=7.44

Alcon's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*3.197*0.934)
=8.20

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Alcon  (NYSE:ALC) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

Alcon's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Mar. 2022 )
=76.04/8.20
=9.28

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


Alcon Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Alcon's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Alcon Business Description

Alcon logo
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
Chemin de Blandonnet 8, Royce Bedward, Vernier, Geneva, CHE, 1214
Alcon, headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is the global eyecare leader with a diverse portfolio in ophthalmology including contact lenses, eye drops, surgical equipment, and related surgical products. Novartis purchased Alcon from Nestle in 2010 and, following nine years as a Novartis subsidiary, the company was spun-off as a public company in April 2019. The company reports five distinct segments: implantables (16% of revenue), consumables (31%), equipment (9%), contact lenses (27%), and ocular health (17%). The company is geographically diversified, with only about 40% of revenue from the U.S. market, and the firm has a strong presence in the European Union and Japan.

Alcon Headlines

Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)