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FactSet Research Systems Beneish M-Score

: -2.79 (As of Today)
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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

FactSet Research Systems has a M-score of -2.79 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

NYSE:FDS' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.84   Max: -1.57
Current: -2.79

-3.84
-1.57

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of FactSet Research Systems was -1.57. The lowest was -3.84. And the median was -2.77.


FactSet Research Systems Beneish M-Score Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

FactSet Research Systems Annual Data
Aug10 Aug11 Aug12 Aug13 Aug14 Aug15 Aug16 Aug17 Aug18 Aug19
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.92 -2.62 -2.22 -2.82 -2.79

FactSet Research Systems Quarterly Data
Nov14 Feb15 May15 Aug15 Nov15 Feb16 May16 Aug16 Nov16 Feb17 May17 Aug17 Nov17 Feb18 May18 Aug18 Nov18 Feb19 May19 Aug19
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.82 -2.70 -2.65 -2.71 -2.79

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


FactSet Research Systems Beneish M-Score Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where FactSet Research Systems's Beneish M-Score falls into.



FactSet Research Systems Beneish M-Score Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of FactSet Research Systems for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.8786+0.528 * 0.9515+0.404 * 0.871+0.892 * 1.0631+0.115 * 1.0896
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9674+4.679 * -0.048-0.327 * 0.9001
=-2.79

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Aug19) TTM:Last Year (Aug18) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $146 Mil.
Revenue was 364.283 + 364.533 + 354.895 + 351.64 = $1,435 Mil.
Gross Profit was 196.553 + 200.701 + 189.787 + 184.864 = $772 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $584 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,549 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $121 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $60 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $334 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $207 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $574 Mil.
Net Income was 91.527 + 92.265 + 84.702 + 84.296 = $353 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 121.812 + 159.77 + 99.234 + 46.32 = $427 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $157 Mil.
Revenue was 345.862 + 339.911 + 335.231 + 329.141 = $1,350 Mil.
Gross Profit was 176.395 + 174.838 + 171.999 + 167.617 = $691 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $431 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,419 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $101 Mil.
(DDA) was $57 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $325 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $221 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $575 Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Accounts Receivable in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(146.309 / 1435.351) / (156.639 / 1350.145)
=0.10193256 / 0.11601643
=0.8786

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(690.849 / 1350.145) / (771.905 / 1435.351)
=0.51168504 / 0.53778135
=0.9515

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (583.812 + 121.042) / 1548.648) / (1 - (430.916 + 100.545) / 1419.447)
=0.54485848 / 0.62558588
=0.871

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=1435.351 / 1350.145
=1.0631

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(57.285 / (57.285 + 100.545)) / (60.463 / (60.463 + 121.042))
=0.36295381 / 0.3331203
=1.0896

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of c in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(333.87 / 1435.351) / (324.645 / 1350.145)
=0.23260513 / 0.24045195
=0.9674

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((574.174 + 207.441) / 1548.648) / ((574.775 + 221.134) / 1419.447)
=0.50470798 / 0.56071766
=0.9001

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(352.79 - 0 - 427.136) / 1548.648
=-0.048

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

FactSet Research Systems has a M-score of -2.79 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


FactSet Research Systems Beneish M-Score Headlines

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