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Budweiser Brewing Co APAC Beneish M-Score

: 0.00 (As of Today)
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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

The historical rank and industry rank for Budweiser Brewing Co APAC's Beneish M-Score or its related term are showing as below:

During the past 4 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Budweiser Brewing Co APAC was 0.00. The lowest was -2.80. And the median was -2.80.


Budweiser Brewing Co APAC Beneish M-Score Historical Data

The historical data trend for Budweiser Brewing Co APAC's Beneish M-Score can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Budweiser Brewing Co APAC Annual Data
Trend Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
Beneish M-Score
- - - -

Budweiser Brewing Co APAC Quarterly Data
Dec17 Mar18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Jun20 Dec20 Jun21
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - - -2.80 - -

Competitive Comparison

For the Beverages - Brewers subindustry, Budweiser Brewing Co APAC's Beneish M-Score, along with its competitors' market caps and Beneish M-Score data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Budweiser Brewing Co APAC Beneish M-Score Distribution

For the Beverages - Alcoholic industry and Consumer Defensive sector, Budweiser Brewing Co APAC's Beneish M-Score distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Budweiser Brewing Co APAC's Beneish M-Score falls into.



Budweiser Brewing Co APAC Beneish M-Score Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Budweiser Brewing Co APAC for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * +0.528 * +0.404 * +0.892 * +0.115 *
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * +4.679 * -0.327 *
=

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

This Year (Jun21) TTM:Last Year (Sep19) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $570.00 Mil.
Revenue was 0 + 0 + 0 + 1202 = $1,202.00 Mil.
Gross Profit was 0 + 0 + 0 + 594 = $594.00 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,713.00 Mil.
Total Assets was $16,359.00 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3,660.00 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $0.00 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $618.00 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,735.00 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $48.00 Mil.
Net Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 45 = $45.00 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0.00 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0.00 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $0.00 Mil.
Revenue was 1822 + 1529 + 1993 + 3036 = $8,380.00 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1005 + 806 + 1083 + 1809 = $4,703.00 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $0.00 Mil.
Total Assets was $0.00 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $0.00 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $204.00 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $2,748.00 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $0.00 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $0.00 Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Accounts Receivable in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(570 / 1202) / (0 / 8380)
=0.47420965 / 0
=

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(4703 / 8380) / (594 / 1202)
=0.56121718 / 0.49417637
=

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2713 + 3660) / 16359) / (1 - (0 + 0) / 0)
=0.61042851 /
=

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=1202 / 8380
=

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(204 / (204 + 0)) / (0 / (0 + 3660))
=1 / 0
=

Note: If the Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization data is not available, we assume that the depreciation rate is constant and set the Depreciation Index to 1.

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) to Sales in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(618 / 1202) / (2748 / 8380)
=0.51414309 / 0.32792363
=

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((48 + 4735) / 16359) / ((0 + 0) / 0)
=0.29237728 /
=

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(45 - 0 - 0) / 16359
=0.0028

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.


Budweiser Brewing Co APAC Beneish M-Score Related Terms

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Budweiser Brewing Co APAC Business Description

Budweiser Brewing Co APAC logo
Industry
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
1 Matheson Street, Suites 3012-16, Tower Two, Times Square, Causeway Bay, Hong Kong, HKG
Budweiser Brewing Co. APAC is the largest brewer in Asia by retail sales value and the second largest by volume, according to Euromonitor. After 10% of the business was listed on the Hong Kong exchange in 2019, parent company Anheuser-Busch InBev owns the remaining 90% of the company's equity.Bud APAC's largest markets are China (80% of 2020 revenue), South Korea (12%), and India (6%). The remaining 2% comprises Japan, New Zealand, and other export markets in the Asia-Pacific region. The company predominantly produces, imports, markets, distributes, and sells a portfolio of more than 50 beer brands, both owned and licensed, including global brands Budweiser, Stella Artois, and Corona along with multicountry brands and local brands such as Hoegaarden, Cass, and Harbin.
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