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Invesco Seniorome Trust (NYSE:VVR) Beneish M-Score

: 0.00 (As of Today)
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Note: Financial institutions were excluded from the sample in Beneish paper when calculating Beneish M-Score. Thus, the prediction might not fit banks and insurance companies.

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

The historical rank and industry rank for Invesco Seniorome Trust's Beneish M-Score or its related term are showing as below:

During the past 5 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Invesco Seniorome Trust was 0.00. The lowest was -3.79. And the median was -3.79.


Invesco Seniorome Trust Beneish M-Score Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Invesco Seniorome Trust for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * +0.528 * +0.404 * +0.892 * +0.115 *
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * +4.679 * -0.327 *
=

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

This Year (Feb22) TTM:Last Year (Feb21) TTM:
Total Receivables was $ Mil.
Revenue was $ Mil.
Gross Profit was $ Mil.
Total Current Assets was $ Mil.
Total Assets was $ Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $ Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $ Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $ Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $ Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $ Mil.
Net Income was $ Mil.
Gross Profit was $ Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was $ Mil.
Total Receivables was $ Mil.
Revenue was $ Mil.
Gross Profit was $ Mil.
Total Current Assets was $ Mil.
Total Assets was $ Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $ Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $ Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $ Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $ Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $ Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Total Receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=( / ) / ( / 36.389)
= /
=

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=( / 36.389) / ( / )
= /
=

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - ( + 0) / ) / (1 - ( + 0) / )
= /
=

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
= / 36.389
=

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(0 / (0 + 0)) / (0 / (0 + 0))
= /
=

Note: If the Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization data is not available, we assume that the depreciation rate is constant and set the Depreciation Index to 1.

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) to Sales in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=( / ) / ( / 36.389)
= /
=

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(( + ) / ) / (( + ) / )
= /
=

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=( - - ) /
=

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.


Invesco Seniorome Trust Beneish M-Score Related Terms

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Invesco Seniorome Trust (NYSE:VVR) Business Description

Invesco Seniorome Trust logo
Traded in Other Exchanges
N/A
Address
1555 Peachtree Street, N.E., Suite 1800, Atlanta, GA, USA, 30309
Invesco Senior Income Trust is a diversified, closed-end management investment company. The investment objective of the company is to provide a high level of current income, consistent with the preservation of capital. The company invests primarily in a portfolio of interests in floating or variable senior loans to corporations, partnerships, and other entities which operate in a variety of industries and geographic regions. It invests in various sectors such as business equipment and services, telecommunications, cable and satellite television, healthcare, chemicals and plastics, utilities, lodging and casinos, and others.
Executives
Vacheron Terry officer: Chief Financial Officer 1555 PEACHTREE ST. NE SUITE 1800 ATLANTA GA 30309
Bordewick James R Jr officer: Senior Officer & SVP C/O BANC OF AMERICA INVESTMENT ADVISORS 100 FEDERAL STREET BOSTON MA 02110
Reina Antonio officer: Secretary 1555 PEACHTREE STREET NE SUITE 1800 ATLANTA GA 30309
Levit Josh E officer: Chief Compliance Officer 1555 PEACHTREE STREET NE SUITE 1800 ATLANTA GA 30309
Deberghes Adrien officer: Vice President,PFO & Treasurer 1555 PEACHTREE STREET NE SUITE 1800 ATLANTA GA 30309
Waldron Haley S officer: Chief Accounting Officer 1555 PEACHTREE STREET NE SUITE 1800 ATLANTA GA 30309
Dukes Laura Allison officer: SMD and CFO 780 JOHNSON FERRY ROAD SUITE 800 ATLANTA GA 30342
Mcaleer Tara officer: Chief Compliance Officer 1555 PEACHTREE STREET NE ATLANTA GA 30309
Starr Loren M director
Swanson Stephen William officer: Secretary and General Counsel 1555 PEACHTREE STREET NE ATLANTA GA 30309
Lege Annette director, officer: CFO & CAO 1555 PEACHTREE ST. NE SUITE 1800 ATLANTA GA 30309
Carome Kevin M director
Drobny Robert Phillip officer: Vice President 1555 PEACHTREE STREET NE ATLANTA GA 30309
Gregson Mark William officer: Controller & Treasurer 1555 PEACHTREE STREET NE ATLANTA GA 30309
Kuehl Todd F officer: Chief Compliance officer 1555 PEACHTREE STREET NE ATLANTA GA 30309
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