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Moderna (Moderna) Owner Earnings per Share (TTM)

: -9.66 (As of Dec. 2023)
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In 1986 Berkshire Hathaway Shareholder Letter, Warren Buffett defined owner earnings as follows:

"These represent (a) reported earnings plus (b) depreciation, depletion, amortization, and certain other non-cash charges...less (c) the average annual amount of capitalized expenditures for plant and equipment, etc. that the business requires to fully maintain its long-term competitive position and its unit volume (If the business requires additional working capital to maintain its competitive position and unit volume, the increment also should be included in (c))...Our owner-earnings equation does not yield the deceptively precise figures provided by GAAP, since (c) must be a guess - and one sometimes very difficult to make. Despite this problem, we consider the owner earnings figure, not the GAAP figure, to be the relevant item for valuation purposes - both for investors in buying stocks and for managers in buying entire businesses...All of this points up the absurdity of the 'cash flow' numbers that are often set forth in Wall Street reports. These numbers routinely include (a) plus (b) - but do not subtract (c)."

Moderna's Owner Earnings per Share (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $-9.66. It's Price-to-Owner-Earnings ratio for today is 0.


The historical rank and industry rank for Moderna's Owner Earnings per Share (TTM) or its related term are showing as below:


During the past 8 years, the highest Price-to-Owner-Earnings ratio of Moderna was 123.94. The lowest was 4.05. And the median was 10.84.


MRNA's Price-to-Owner-Earnings is not ranked *
in the Biotechnology industry.
Industry Median: 34.1
* Ranked among companies with meaningful Price-to-Owner-Earnings only.

Moderna's Earnings per Share (Diluted) for the three months ended in Dec. 2023 was $0.55. Its Earnings per Share (Diluted) for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $-12.41. It's PE Ratio ratio for today is At Loss.

Moderna's EPS without NRI for the three months ended in Dec. 2023 was $0.60. Its EPS without NRI for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $-12.27. It's PE Ratio without NRI ratio for today is At Loss.


Moderna Owner Earnings per Share (TTM) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Moderna's Owner Earnings per Share (TTM) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Moderna Annual Data
Trend Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22 Dec23
Owner Earnings per Share (TTM)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - - - 11.13 -9.66

Moderna Quarterly Data
Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23
Owner Earnings per Share (TTM) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 11.13 1.28 -1.80 -6.83 -9.66

Competitive Comparison

For the Biotechnology subindustry, Moderna's Price-to-Owner-Earnings, along with its competitors' market caps and Price-to-Owner-Earnings data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Moderna Price-to-Owner-Earnings Distribution

For the Biotechnology industry and Healthcare sector, Moderna's Price-to-Owner-Earnings distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Moderna's Price-to-Owner-Earnings falls into.



Moderna Owner Earnings per Share (TTM) Calculation

In 1986 Berkshire Hathaway Shareholder Letter, Warren Buffett defined owner earnings as follows:

"These represent (a) reported earnings plus (b) depreciation, depletion, amortization, and certain other non-cash charges...less (c) the average annual amount of capitalized expenditures for plant and equipment, etc. that the business requires to fully maintain its long-term competitive position and its unit volume. (If the business requires additional working capital to maintain its competitive position and unit volume, the increment also should be included in (c))...Our owner-earnings equation does not yield the deceptively precise figures provided by GAAP, since (c) must be a guess - and one sometimes very difficult to make. Despite this problem, we consider the owner earnings figure, not the GAAP figure, to be the relevant item for valuation purposes - both for investors in buying stocks and for managers in buying entire businesses...All of this points up the absurdity of the 'cash flow' numbers that are often set forth in Wall Street reports. These numbers routinely include (a) plus (b) - but do not subtract (c)."

To make it simple, then you will have:

Owner Earnings per Share (TTM) = (Net Income + Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization + Change In Deferred Tax - 5Y Average of Maintenance Capital Expenditure + Change In Working Capital) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)

Moderna's Owner Earnings per Share (TTM) Calculation:

TTM / Last Quarter Average of Last 20 Quarters
Net Income -4,714
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization 621
Change In Deferred Tax 828
5Y Average of Maintenance Capital Expenditure 287
Change In Working Capital -139
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 382

1. Start with "Net Income" from income statement. Moderna's Net Income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $-4,714 Mil.

2. "Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization" is from cashflow statement. Moderna's Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $621 Mil. This needs to be added back because company does not actually need to pay cash for it. It is a non-cash item.

3. Other non-cash charges usually include "Stock Based Compensation" and "Change In Deferred Tax":
However, to be conservative, GuruFocus will not add Stock Based Compensation back to net income. Moderna's Change In Deferred Tax for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $828 Mil.

4. Average maintenance capital expenditure over a business/industry cycle: 5-Year Average Maintenance Capital Expenditure = $287 Mil

It is usually best to take a long-term average of maintenance capital expenditure. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since many companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditure.

The following shows how to get maintenance capital expenditure.

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous quarter. If the revenue decreased from the previous quarter, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous quarter, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Growth Capital Expenditure = Percentage of Property, Plant and Equipment as of corresponding Revenue * Revenue Increase
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - Growth Capital Expenditure.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - Growth Capital Expenditure] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - Growth Capital Expenditure] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - Growth Capital Expenditure.
Fourth, get the average of the 5 years maintenance capital expenditure.

Moderna's 5-Year Average Maintenance Capital Expenditure = $287 Mil

5. "Change In Working Capital" is from cashflow statement. Moderna's Change In Working Capital for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $-139 Mil.
Note: GuruFocus' Change in Working Capital is provided by Morningstar. It is calculated by adding the items under "Change in operating assets and liabilities" (may refer to a different name for different company) section in Cash Flow Statement from original financial report. And sometimes it includes non-current parts of assets and liabilities.

6. Moderna's Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) for the months ended in Dec. 2023 was 382.000 Mil.

Moderna's Onwer Earnings Per Share for Dec. 2023 is calculated as:

Owner Earnings per Share (TTM)
=( Net Income+Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization+Change In Deferred Tax
=( -4714 +621+828
-5Y Avg of Maintenance CAPEX+Change In Working Capital )/Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
-287.49847494553+-139)/382.000
=-9.66

Price-to-Owner-Earnings=Current Price/Owner Earnings per Share (TTM)
=101.41/-9.66
=0

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Assumption: Companies usually do not report maintenance capital expenditures and growth capital expenditures separately. Here we use estimated numbers and average them over 5 years. The method to estimate maintenance capital expenditures can be found in above part 4.

Note: GuruFocus' Change In Working Capital is provided by Morningstar. It is calculated by adding the items under "Change in operating assets and liabilities" (may refer to a different name for different company) section in Cash Flow Statement from original financial report. And it includes non-current parts of assets and liabilities.


Moderna Owner Earnings per Share (TTM) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Moderna's Owner Earnings per Share (TTM) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Moderna (Moderna) Business Description

Industry
Address
200 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA, USA, 02139
Moderna is a commercial-stage biotech that was founded in 2010 and had its initial public offering in December 2018. The firm's mRNA technology was rapidly validated with its COVID-19 vaccine, which was authorized in the United States in December 2020. Moderna had 39 mRNA development candidates in clinical trials as of mid-2023. Programs span a wide range of therapeutic areas, including infectious disease, oncology, cardiovascular disease, and rare genetic diseases.
Executives
Stephen Hoge officer: President C/O MODERNA, INC., 200 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
James M Mock officer: Chief Financial Officer 940 WINTER STREET, PERKINELMER, WALTHAM MA 02451
Shannon Thyme Klinger officer: Chief Legal Officer 200 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, SUITE 300, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
Noubar Afeyan director, 10 percent owner C/O FLAGSHIP PIONEERING, INC., 55 CAMBRIDGE PARKWAY, SUITE 800E, CAMBRIDGE MA 02142
Arpa Garay officer: Chief Commercial Officer 2000 GALLOPING HILL RD, KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Stephane Bancel director, officer: Chief Executive Officer 320 BENT STREET, CAMBRIDGE MA 02141
Juan Andres officer: See Remarks C/O MODERNA, INC., 200 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
Paul Burton officer: Chief Medical Officer 200 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
David W Meline officer: Chief Financial Officer 3M COMPANY, 3M OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000
Jorge M Gomez officer: See Remarks C/O DENTSPLY SIRONA INC, 13320 BALLANTYNE CORPORATE PLACE, CHARLOTTE NC 28277
Paul Sagan director AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES INC, 8 CAMBRIDGE CENTER, CAMBRIDGE MA 02142
Tal Zvi Zaks officer: Chief Medical Officer C/O ADAPTIMMUNE THERAPEUTICS PLC, 60 JUBILEE AVE, MILTON PARK, ABINGDON, OXFORDSHIRE X0 OX14 4RX
Lori M. Henderson officer: General Counsel and Secretary MOLDFLOW CORP, 430 BOSTON POST ROAD, WAYLAND MA 01778
Le Goff Corinne officer: Chief Commercial Officer 200 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, SUITE 300, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
Elizabeth G Nabel director BRIGHAM AND WOMEN'S HOSPITAL, 75 FRANCIS ST, BOSTON MA 02115

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