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3M Co (MMM) ROC %

: 10.81% (As of Dec. 2023)
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ROC % measures how well a company generates cash flow relative to the capital it has invested in its business. It is also called ROIC %. 3M Co's annualized return on capital (ROC %) for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2023 was 10.81%.

As of today (2024-04-19), 3M Co's WACC % is 9.52%. 3M Co's ROC % is -15.89% (calculated using TTM income statement data). 3M Co earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


3M Co ROC % Historical Data

The historical data trend for 3M Co's ROC % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

3M Co Annual Data
Trend Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22 Dec23
ROC %
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 14.43 14.60 16.86 10.53 -16.03

3M Co Quarterly Data
Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23
ROC % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 8.98 10.97 -68.27 -18.17 10.81

3M Co ROC % Calculation

3M Co's annualized Return on Capital (ROC %) for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2023 is calculated as:

ROC % (A: Dec. 2023 )
=NOPAT/Average Invested Capital
=Operating Income * ( 1 - Tax Rate % )/( (Invested Capital (A: Dec. 2022 ) + Invested Capital (A: Dec. 2023 ))/ count )
=-9035 * ( 1 - 27.78% )/( (37453 + 43963)/ 2 )
=-6525.077/40708
=-16.03 %

where

3M Co's annualized Return on Capital (ROC %) for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2023 is calculated as:

ROC % (Q: Dec. 2023 )
=NOPAT/Average Invested Capital
=Operating Income * ( 1 - Tax Rate % )/( (Invested Capital (Q: Sep. 2023 ) + Invested Capital (Q: Dec. 2023 ))/ count )
=5116 * ( 1 - 6.4% )/( (44660 + 43963)/ 2 )
=4788.576/44311.5
=10.81 %

where

Note: The Operating Income data used here is four times the quarterly (Dec. 2023) data.

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


3M Co  (NYSE:MMM) ROC % Explanation

ROC % measures how well a company generates cash flow relative to the capital it has invested in its business. It is also called ROIC %. The reason book values of debt and equity are used is because the book values are the capital the company received when issuing the debt or receiving the equity investments.

There are four key components to this definition. The first is the use of operating income or EBIT rather than net income in the numerator. The second is the tax adjustment to this operating income or EBIT, computed as a hypothetical tax based on an effective or marginal tax rate. The third is the use of book values for invested capital, rather than market values. The final is the timing difference; the capital invested is from the end of the prior year whereas the operating income or EBIT is the current year's number.

Why is ROC % important?

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, 3M Co's WACC % is 9.52%. 3M Co's ROC % is -15.89% (calculated using TTM income statement data). 3M Co earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


Be Aware

Like ROE % and ROA %, ROC % is calculated with only 12 months of data. Fluctuations in the company's earnings or business cycles can affect the ratio drastically. It is important to look at the ratio from a long term perspective.


3M Co ROC % Related Terms

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3M Co (MMM) Business Description

Address
3M Center, St. Paul, MN, USA, 55144
3M is a multinational conglomerate that has operated since 1902, when it was known as Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing. The company is well known for its research and development laboratory and it leverages its science and technology across multiple product categories. As of 2020, 3M is organized into four business segments: safety and industrial, transportation and electronics, healthcare, and consumer. Nearly 50% of the company's revenue comes from outside the Americas, with the safety and industrial segment constituting a plurality of net sales. Many of the company's 60,000-plus products touch and concern a variety of consumers and end markets.
Executives
Thomas W Sweet director ONE DELL WAY, ROUND ROCK TX 78682
Bryan C Hanson officer: Group Pres & CEO Health Care ZIMMER BIOMET HOLDINGS, 345 E. MAIN STREET, WARSAW IN 46580
Audrey Choi director 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BUILDING 220-9E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Eric D. Hammes officer: VP, Corp Controller & CAO 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Goralski Christian T Jr officer: Group President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BUILDING 220-9E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Pedro Pizarro director 2244 WALNUT GROVE AVENUE, ROSEMEAD CA 91770
Anne H Chow director 2200 WEST PARKWAY BLVD., SALT LAKE CITY UT 84119
Kevin H Rhodes officer: EVP & Chief Legal Officer 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220-09-E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Chavez Rodriguez Beatriz Karina officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER BLDG 220-09-E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
John Patrick Banovetz officer: Sr Vice President 3M CENTER, MAPLEWOOD MN 55144
Zoe L Dickson officer: Executive Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220 09 E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Michael G. Vale officer: Executive Vice President 3M CENTER OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, ST PAUL MN 551441000
Theresa E Reinseth officer: Vice President/CAO 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000
Mojdeh Poul officer: Executive Vice President 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000
Michael F Roman officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000

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