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3M Co (MMM) Altman Z-Score : 1.91 (As of Jul. 18, 2024)


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What is 3M Co Altman Z-Score?

The Altman Z-Score is a model designed to predict the likelihood of a company going bankrupt within the next two years. Created by American finance professor Edward Altman in 1968, the model is specifically designed for publicly traded manufacturing companies with assets greater than $1 million.

Warning Sign:

Altman Z-score of 1.91 is in the grey area. This implies that the company is under some kind of financial stress. If it is below 1.8, the company may face bankruptcy risk.

3M Co has a Altman Z-Score of 1.91, indicating it is in Grey Zones. This implies that 3M Co is in some kind of financial stress. If it is below 1.81, the company may face bankrupcy risk.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

When Altman Z-Score <= 1.8, it is in Distress Zones.
When Altman Z-Score >= 3, it is in Safe Zones.
When Altman Z-Score is between 1.8 and 3, it is in Grey Zones.

The historical rank and industry rank for 3M Co's Altman Z-Score or its related term are showing as below:

MMM' s Altman Z-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 1.68   Med: 5.01   Max: 6.84
Current: 1.91

During the past 13 years, 3M Co's highest Altman Z-Score was 6.84. The lowest was 1.68. And the median was 5.01.


3M Co Altman Z-Score Historical Data

The historical data trend for 3M Co's Altman Z-Score can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

3M Co Altman Z-Score Chart

3M Co Annual Data
Trend Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22 Dec23
Altman Z-Score
Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 4.07 4.14 4.41 3.84 1.80

3M Co Quarterly Data
Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23 Mar24
Altman Z-Score Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 3.63 2.45 1.68 1.80 1.81

Competitive Comparison of 3M Co's Altman Z-Score

For the Conglomerates subindustry, 3M Co's Altman Z-Score, along with its competitors' market caps and Altman Z-Score data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


3M Co's Altman Z-Score Distribution in the Conglomerates Industry

For the Conglomerates industry and Industrials sector, 3M Co's Altman Z-Score distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where 3M Co's Altman Z-Score falls into.



3M Co Altman Z-Score Calculation

Altman Z-Score model is an accurate forecaster of failure up to two years prior to distress. It can be considered the assessment of the distress of industrial corporations.

3M Co's Altman Z-Score for today is calculated with this formula:

Z=1.2*X1+1.4*X2+3.3*X3+0.6*X4+1.0*X5
=1.2*0.1531+1.4*0.6783+3.3*-0.1527+0.6*1.1441+1.0*0.5911
=1.91

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency. GuruFocus does not calculate Altman Z-Score when X4 or X5 value is 0.

Trailing Twelve Months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2024:
Total Assets was $55,243 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $21,613 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $13,156 Mil.
Retained Earnings was $37,472 Mil.
Pre-Tax Income was 1237 + 1000 + -2854 + -9023 = $-9,640 Mil.
Interest Expense was -385 + -371 + -304 + -144 = $-1,204 Mil.
Revenue was 8003 + 8013 + 8312 + 8325 = $32,653 Mil.
Market Cap (Today) was $57,561 Mil.
Total Liabilities was $50,310 Mil.

* Note that for stock reported semi-annually or annually, GuruFocus uses latest annual data as the TTM data.

X1=Working Capital/Total Assets
=(Total Current Assets - Total Current Liabilities)/Total Assets
=(21613 - 13156)/55243
=0.1531

X2=Retained Earnings/Total Assets
=37472/55243
=0.6783

X3=Earnings Before Interest and Taxes/Total Assets
=(Pre-Tax Income - Interest Expense)/Total Assets
=(-9640 - -1204)/55243
=-0.1527

X4=Market Value Equity/Book Value of Total Liabilities
=Market Cap/Total Liabilities
=57560.638/50310
=1.1441

X5=Revenue/Total Assets
=32653/55243
=0.5911

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Distress Zones - 1.81 < Grey Zones < 2.99 - Safe Zones

3M Co has a Altman Z-Score of 1.91 indicating it is in Grey Zones.

Study by Altman found that companies that are in Distress Zone have more than 80% of chances of bankruptcy in two years.


3M Co  (NYSE:MMM) Altman Z-Score Explanation

X1: The Working Capital/Total Assets (WC/TA) ratio is a measure of the net liquid assets of the firm relative to the total capitalization. Working capital is defined as the difference between current assets and current liabilities. Ordinarily, a firm experiencing consistent operating losses will have shrinking current assets in relation to total assets. Altman found this one proved to be the most valuable liquidity ratio comparing with the current ratio and the quick ratio. This is however the least significant of the five factors.

X2: Retained Earnings/Total Assets: the RE/TA ratio measures the leverage of a firm. Retained earnings is the account which reports the total amount of reinvested earnings and/or losses of a firm over its entire life. Those firms with high RE, relative to TA, have financed their assets through retention of profits and have not utilized as much debt.

X3, Earnings Before Interest and Taxes/Total Assets (EBIT/TA): This ratio is a measure of the true productivity of the firm's assets, independent of any tax or leverage factors. Since a firm's ultimate existence is based on the earning power of its assets, this ratio appears to be particularly appropriate for studies dealing with corporate failure. This ratio continually outperforms other profitability measures, including cash flow.

X4, Market Value of Equity/Book Value of Total Liabilities (MVE/TL): The measure shows how much the firm's assets can decline in value (measured by market value of equity plus debt) before the liabilities exceed the assets and the firm becomes insolvent.

X5, Revenue/Total Assets (S/TA): The capital-turnover ratio is a standard financial ratio illustrating the sales generating ability of the firm's assets.

Read more about Altman Z-Score and the original research.


Be Aware

Altman Z-Score does not apply to financial companies.


3M Co Altman Z-Score Related Terms

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3M Co (MMM) Business Description

Address
3M Center, St. Paul, MN, USA, 55144
3M is a multinational conglomerate that has operated since 1902, when it was known as Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing. The company is well known for its research and development laboratory and it leverages its science and technology across multiple product categories. As of 2020, 3M is organized into four business segments: safety and industrial, transportation and electronics, healthcare, and consumer. Nearly 50% of the company's revenue comes from outside the Americas, with the safety and industrial segment constituting a plurality of net sales. Many of the company's 60,000-plus products touch and concern a variety of consumers and end markets.
Executives
Thomas W Sweet director ONE DELL WAY, ROUND ROCK TX 78682
Bryan C Hanson officer: Group Pres & CEO Health Care ZIMMER BIOMET HOLDINGS, 345 E. MAIN STREET, WARSAW IN 46580
Audrey Choi director 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BUILDING 220-9E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Eric D. Hammes officer: VP, Corp Controller & CAO 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Goralski Christian T Jr officer: Group President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BUILDING 220-9E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Pedro Pizarro director 2244 WALNUT GROVE AVENUE, ROSEMEAD CA 91770
Anne H Chow director 2200 WEST PARKWAY BLVD., SALT LAKE CITY UT 84119
Kevin H Rhodes officer: EVP & Chief Legal Officer 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220-09-E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Chavez Rodriguez Beatriz Karina officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER BLDG 220-09-E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
John Patrick Banovetz officer: Sr Vice President 3M CENTER, MAPLEWOOD MN 55144
Zoe L Dickson officer: Executive Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220 09 E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Michael G. Vale officer: Executive Vice President 3M CENTER OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, ST PAUL MN 551441000
Theresa E Reinseth officer: Vice President/CAO 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000
Mojdeh Poul officer: Executive Vice President 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000
Michael F Roman officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000