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Research Frontiers Operating Income

: $-1.86 Mil (TTM As of Mar. 2022)
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Research Frontiers's Operating Income for the three months ended in Mar. 2022 was $-0.58 Mil. Its Operating Income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2022 was $-1.86 Mil.

Operating Margin % is calculated as Operating Income divided by its Revenue. Research Frontiers's Operating Income for the three months ended in Mar. 2022 was $-0.58 Mil. Research Frontiers's Revenue for the three months ended in Mar. 2022 was $0.17 Mil. Therefore, Research Frontiers's Operating Margin % for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 was -331.03%.

Good Sign:

Research Frontiers Inc operating margin is expanding. Margin expansion is usually a good sign.

Research Frontiers's 5-Year average Growth Rate for Operating Margin % was 5.90% per year.

Operating Income or EBIT is linked to Return on Capital for both regular definition and Joel Greenblatt's definition. Research Frontiers's annualized ROC % for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 was -170.10%. Research Frontiers's annualized ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 was -175.21%.


Research Frontiers Operating Income Historical Data

The historical data trend for Research Frontiers's Operating Income can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Research Frontiers Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
Operating Income
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.42 -2.42 -3.15 -2.58 -1.84

Research Frontiers Quarterly Data
Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22
Operating Income Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -0.56 -0.53 0.02 -0.77 -0.58

Research Frontiers Operating Income Calculation

Operating Income, is the profit a company earned through operations. All expenses, including cash expenses such as cost of goods sold (COGS), research & development, wages, and non-cash expenses, such as depreciation, depletion and amortization, have been deducted from the sales.

Operating Income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2022 adds up the quarterly data reported by the company within the most recent 12 months, which was $-1.86 Mil.

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Research Frontiers  (NAS:REFR) Operating Income Explanation

1. Operating Income or EBIT is linked to Return on Capital for both regular definition and Joel Greenblatt's definition.

Research Frontiers's annualized ROC % for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 is calculated as:

ROC % (Q: Mar. 2022 )
=NOPAT/Average Invested Capital
=Operating Income * ( 1 - Tax Rate % )/( (Invested Capital (Q: Dec. 2021 ) + Invested Capital (Q: Mar. 2022 ))/ count )
=-2.304 * ( 1 - 0% )/( (1.406 + 1.303)/ 2 )
=-2.304/1.3545
=-170.10 %

where

Note: The Operating Income data used here is four times the quarterly (Mar. 2022) data.

2. Joel Greenblatt's definition of Return on Capital:

Research Frontiers's annualized ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 is calculated as:

ROC (Joel Greenblatt) %(Q: Mar. 2022 )
=EBIT/Average of (Net fixed Assets + Net Working Capital)
=EBIT/Average of (Property, Plant and Equipment+Net Working Capital)
     Q: Dec. 2021  Q: Mar. 2022
=EBIT/( ( (Property, Plant and Equipment + Net Working Capital) + (Property, Plant and Equipment + Net Working Capital) )/ count )
=-2.304/( ( (0.563 + max(0.809, 0)) + (0.52 + max(0.738, 0)) )/ 2 )
=-2.304/( ( 1.372 + 1.258 )/ 2 )
=-2.304/1.315
=-175.21 %

where Working Capital is:

Working Capital(Q: Dec. 2021 )
=(Accounts Receivable + Total Inventories + Other Current Assets) - (Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense + Defer. Rev. + Other Current Liabilities)
=(0.832 + 0 + 0.093) - (0.115 + 0 + 0.001)
=0.809

Working Capital(Q: Mar. 2022 )
=(Accounts Receivable + Total Inventories + Other Current Assets) - (Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense + Defer. Rev. + Other Current Liabilities)
=(0.754 + 0 + 0.086) - (0.091 + 0.011 + -5.5511151231258E-17)
=0.738

When net working capital is negative, 0 is used.

Note: The EBIT data used here is four times the quarterly (Mar. 2022) EBIT data.

3. Operating Income is also linked to Operating Margin %:

Research Frontiers's Operating Margin % for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 is calculated as:

Operating Margin %=Operating Income (Q: Mar. 2022 )/Revenue (Q: Mar. 2022 )
=-0.576/0.174
=-331.03 %

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

4. Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the Operating Income growth rate using Operating Income per share data.


Be Aware

Compared with a company's EBITDA margin, Operating Margin can be manipulated by adjusting the rate of depreciation, depletion and amortization (DDA).

If a company is facing competition, its Operating Margin may decline. Often the Operating Margin declines well before the company's revenue or even profit decline. Therefore, Operating Margin is a very important indicator of whether the company is facing problems.

For instance, by 2012, Nokia (NOK)'s problems were well known and its stock had lost more than 90% of its market value since 2007. But Nokia's Operating Margin had already been in decline since 2002, although its earnings per share were still rising. Investors who paid attention to Operating Margin would have avoided this huge loss. The same can be said for Research-in-Motion (RIMM).

Therefore, Operating Margin is a very important screening filter for GuruFocus. GuruFocus's Buffett-Munger screener requires that the profit margin is either consistent or expanding. The Model Portfolio of the Buffett-Munger screener has outperformed the market every year since inception in 2009.


Research Frontiers Operating Income Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Research Frontiers's Operating Income provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Research Frontiers Business Description

Research Frontiers logo
Industry
Technology » Hardware NAICS : 334419 SIC : 3679
Traded in Other Exchanges
N/A
Address
240 Crossways Park Drive, Woodbury, NY, USA, 11797-2033
Research Frontiers Inc is engaged in the development and marketing of technology and devices to control the flow of light. The company develops and licenses its patented suspended particle device light-control technology to other companies that manufacture and market the SPD-Smart chemical emulsion, the light-control film made from the chemical emulsion, the light-control panels made by laminating the film, electronics to power end-products incorporating the film, or lamination services for, and the end-products. Its revenue source comes from the licensing of technology.
Executives
Douglas Family Trust 10 percent owner, other: 13(d)(3) group 125 E. SIR FRANCIS DRAKE BLVD. SUITE 400 LARKSPUR CA 94939
James & Jean Douglas Irrevocable Descendants Trust 10 percent owner, other: 13(d)(3) group 125 E. SIR FRANCIS DRAKE BLVD. SUITE 400 LARKSPUR CA 94939
Douglas Kevin 10 percent owner, other: 13(d)(3) group 125 E. SIR FRANCIS DRAKE BLVD. SUITE 400 LARKSPUR CA 94939
Settle William Graham director 6003 COBRIDGE SQUARE RALEIGH NC 27609
Lapointe Michael R officer: VP-Marketing PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: LAPOINTE MICHAEL R a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Harary Joseph M director, officer: President and CEO PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: HARARY JOSEPH M a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Van Voorhees Seth officer: CFO & VP-Business Development 12 HARVEY DRIVE SHORT HILLS NJ 07078
Daigle Darryl director 3213 WYTCHWOOD DRIVE MORGAN CITY LA 70380
Kaganowicz Alexander director 1217 CARLLS STRAIGHT PATH DIX HILLS NY 11746
Grimes Gregory George director 24 FIFTH AVENUE APT. 1530 NEW YORK NY 10011
Slovak Steven Michael officer: Vice President-Technology 240 CROSSWAYS PARK DRIVE WOODBURY NY 11797
Saxe Robert L director, officer: Chairman of the Board PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: SAXE ROBERT L a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Keen Victor F director C/O RESEARCH FRONTIERS INC. 240 CROSSWAYS PARK DRIVE WOODBURY NY 11797
Guthrie Marion Philip director THREE LINCOLN CENTRE 5430 LBJ FWY., SUITE 1480 DALLAS TX 75240
Derby Jack director 399 BOYLSTON STREET BOSTON MA 02117

Research Frontiers Headlines

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