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CarMax Operating Income

: USD510 Mil (TTM As of May. 2020)
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CarMax's Operating Income for the three months ended in May. 2020 was USD-20 Mil. Its Operating Income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in May. 2020 was USD510 Mil.

Warning Sign:

CarMax Inc had operating loss over the past 3 years.

Operating Margin % is calculated as Operating Income divided by its Revenue. CarMax's Operating Income for the three months ended in May. 2020 was USD-20 Mil. CarMax's Revenue for the three months ended in May. 2020 was USD3,229 Mil. Therefore, CarMax's Operating Margin % for the quarter that ended in May. 2020 was -0.60%.

Warning Sign:

CarMax Inc operating margin has been in 5-year decline. The average rate of decline per year is -2.6%.

CarMax's 5-Year average Growth Rate for Operating Margin % was -2.60% per year.

Operating Income or EBIT is linked to Return on Capital for both regular definition and Joel Greenblatt's definition. CarMax's annualized ROC % for the quarter that ended in May. 2020 was -0.48%. CarMax's annualized ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % for the quarter that ended in May. 2020 was 1.96%.


CarMax Operating Income Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

CarMax Annual Data
Feb11 Feb12 Feb13 Feb14 Feb15 Feb16 Feb17 Feb18 Feb19 Feb20
Operating Income Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 666.83 694.79 711.81 750.32 782.27

CarMax Quarterly Data
Aug15 Nov15 Feb16 May16 Aug16 Nov16 Feb17 May17 Aug17 Nov17 Feb18 May18 Aug18 Nov18 Feb19 May19 Aug19 Nov19 Feb20 May20
Operating Income Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 252.72 212.62 128.80 188.13 -19.53

CarMax Operating Income Calculation

Operating Income, is the profit a company earned through operations. All expenses, including cash expenses such as cost of goods sold (COGS), research & development, wages, and non-cash expenses, such as depreciation, depletion and amortization, have been deducted from the sales.

Operating Income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in May. 2020 was 212.622 (Aug. 2019 ) + 128.799 (Nov. 2019 ) + 188.129 (Feb. 2020 ) + -19.533 (May. 2020 ) = USD510 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.


CarMax  (NYSE:KMX) Operating Income Explanation

1. Operating Income or EBIT is linked to Return on Capital for both regular definition and Joel Greenblatt's definition.

CarMax's annualized ROC % for the quarter that ended in May. 2020 is calculated as:

ROC % (Q: May. 2020 )
=NOPAT/Average Invested Capital
=Operating Income * ( 1 - Tax Rate % )/( (Invested Capital (Q: Feb. 2020 ) + Invested Capital (Q: May. 2020 ))/ count )
=-78.132 * ( 1 - -19.55% )/( (19953.7 + 18634.27)/ 2 )
=-93.406806/19293.985
=-0.48 %

where

Invested Capital(Q: Feb. 2020 )
=Total Assets - Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense - Excess Cash
=Total Assets - Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense - ( Cash, Cash Equivalents, Marketable Securities - max(0, Total Current Liabilities - Total Current Assets+Cash, Cash Equivalents, Marketable Securities))
=21082.182 - 1070.271 - ( 58.211 - max(0, 1534.707 - 3663.687+58.211))
=19953.7

Invested Capital(Q: May. 2020 )
=Total Assets - Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense - Excess Cash
=Total Assets - Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense - ( Cash, Cash Equivalents, Marketable Securities - max(0, Total Current Liabilities - Total Current Assets+Cash, Cash Equivalents, Marketable Securities))
=19972.532 - 680.24 - ( 658.022 - max(0, 1151.006 - 3283.731+658.022))
=18634.27

Note: The Operating Income data used here is four times the quarterly (May. 2020) data.

2. Joel Greenblatt's definition of Return on Capital:

CarMax's annualized ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % for the quarter that ended in May. 2020 is calculated as:

ROC (Joel Greenblatt) %(Q: May. 2020 )
=EBIT/Average of (Net fixed Assets + Net Working Capital)
=EBIT/Average of (Property, Plant and Equipment+Net Working Capital)
     Q: Feb. 2020  Q: May. 2020
=EBIT/( ( (Property, Plant and Equipment + Net Working Capital) + (Property, Plant and Equipment + Net Working Capital) )/ count )
=112.488/( ( (3518.196 + max(2535.205, 0)) + (3508.416 + max(1945.469, 0)) )/ 2 )
=112.488/( ( 6053.401 + 5453.885 )/ 2 )
=112.488/5753.643
=1.96 %

where Working Capital is:

Working Capital(Q: Feb. 2020 )
=(Accounts Receivable + Total Inventories + Other Current Assets) - (Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense + Defer. Rev. + Other Current Liabilities)
=(191.09 + 2846.416 + 567.97) - (1070.271 + 0 + 2.2737367544323E-13)
=2535.205

Working Capital(Q: May. 2020 )
=(Accounts Receivable + Total Inventories + Other Current Assets) - (Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense + Defer. Rev. + Other Current Liabilities)
=(145.018 + 1899.43 + 581.261) - (680.24 + 0 + 0)
=1945.469

When net working capital is negative, 0 is used.

Note: The EBIT data used here is four times the quarterly (May. 2020) EBIT data.

3. Operating Income is also linked to Operating Margin %:

CarMax's Operating Margin % for the quarter that ended in May. 2020 is calculated as:

Operating Margin %=Operating Income (Q: May. 2020 )/Revenue (Q: May. 2020 )
=-19.533/3228.782
=-0.60 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

4. Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the Operating Income growth rate using Operating Income per share data.


Be Aware

Compared with a company's EBITDA margin, Operating Margin can be manipulated by adjusting the rate of depreciation, depletion and amortization (DDA).

If a company is facing competition, its Operating Margin may decline. Often the Operating Margin declines well before the company's revenue or even profit decline. Therefore, Operating Margin is a very important indicator of whether the company is facing problems.

For instance, by 2012, Nokia (NOK)'s problems were well known and its stock had lost more than 90% of its market value since 2007. But Nokia's Operating Margin had already been in decline since 2002, although its earnings per share were still rising. Investors who paid attention to Operating Margin would have avoided this huge loss. The same can be said for Research-in-Motion (RIMM).

Therefore, Operating Margin is a very important screening filter for GuruFocus. GuruFocus's Buffett-Munger screener requires that the profit margin is either consistent or expanding. The Model Portfolio of the Buffett-Munger screener has outperformed the market every year since inception in 2009.


CarMax Operating Income Related Terms


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