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Northrop Grumman (NYSE:NOC) ROIC %

: -2.67% (As of Dec. 2023)
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ROIC % measures how well a company generates cash flow relative to the capital it has invested in its business. It is also called ROC %. Northrop Grumman's annualized return on invested capital (ROIC %) for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2023 was -2.67%.

As of today (2024-02-24), Northrop Grumman's WACC % is 4.37%. Northrop Grumman's ROIC % is 5.44% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Northrop Grumman generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment. It is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases.


Northrop Grumman ROIC % Historical Data

The historical data trend for Northrop Grumman's ROIC % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Northrop Grumman Annual Data
Trend Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22 Dec23
ROIC %
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 9.77 9.23 7.65 7.77 5.36

Northrop Grumman Quarterly Data
Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23
ROIC % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 7.77 7.99 7.86 8.33 -2.67

Competitive Comparison

For the Aerospace & Defense subindustry, Northrop Grumman's ROIC %, along with its competitors' market caps and ROIC % data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Northrop Grumman ROIC % Distribution

For the Aerospace & Defense industry and Industrials sector, Northrop Grumman's ROIC % distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Northrop Grumman's ROIC % falls into.



Northrop Grumman ROIC % Calculation

Northrop Grumman's annualized Return on Invested Capital (ROIC %) for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2023 is calculated as:

ROIC % (A: Dec. 2023 )
=NOPAT/Average Invested Capital
=Operating Income * ( 1 - Tax Rate % )/( (Invested Capital (A: Dec. 2022 ) + Invested Capital (A: Dec. 2023 ))/ count )
=2537 * ( 1 - 12.36% )/( (40267 + 42670)/ 2 )
=2223.4268/41468.5
=5.36 %

where

Northrop Grumman's annualized Return on Invested Capital (ROIC %) for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2023 is calculated as:

ROIC % (Q: Dec. 2023 )
=NOPAT/Average Invested Capital
=Operating Income * ( 1 - Tax Rate % )/( (Invested Capital (Q: Sep. 2023 ) + Invested Capital (Q: Dec. 2023 ))/ count )
=-1572 * ( 1 - 29.33% )/( (40554 + 42670)/ 2 )
=-1110.9324/41612
=-2.67 %

where

Note: The Operating Income data used here is four times the quarterly (Dec. 2023) data.

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Northrop Grumman  (NYSE:NOC) ROIC % Explanation

ROIC % measures how well a company generates cash flow relative to the capital it has invested in its business. It is also called ROC %. The reason book values of debt and equity are used is because the book values are the capital the company received when issuing the debt or receiving the equity investments.

There are four key components to this definition. The first is the use of operating income or EBIT rather than net income in the numerator. The second is the tax adjustment to this operating income or EBIT, computed as a hypothetical tax based on an effective or marginal tax rate. The third is the use of book values for invested capital, rather than market values. The final is the timing difference; the capital invested is from the end of the prior year whereas the operating income or EBIT is the current year's number.

Why is ROIC % important?

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, Northrop Grumman's WACC % is 4.37%. Northrop Grumman's ROIC % is 5.44% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Northrop Grumman generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment. It is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases. Northrop Grumman earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


Be Aware

Like ROE % and ROA %, ROIC % is calculated with only 12 months of data. Fluctuations in the company's earnings or business cycles can affect the ratio drastically. It is important to look at the ratio from a long term perspective.


Northrop Grumman ROIC % Related Terms

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Northrop Grumman (NYSE:NOC) Business Description

Address
2980 Fairview Park Drive, Falls Church, VA, USA, 22042
Northrop Grumman is a diversified defense contractor providing aeronautics, defense, mission, and space systems. The company's aerospace segment creates the fuselage for the massive F-35 program and produces autonomous and piloted aircraft such as Global Hawk drones and the new B-21 bomber. Defense systems makes artillery and missile ammunition and guidance systems, missile defense systems, and conducts maintenance and upgrades on numerous military aircraft. Mission systems creates and integrates a variety of radar, navigation, and communication systems for avionics, weapons control, and countermeasures on a range of platforms from helicopters to destroyers. Finally, space systems produces satellites, sensors, space structures, and manufactures long-range missiles and rocket motors.
Executives
Mark A Caylor officer: Corp VP & Pres ESS 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Kathryn G Simpson officer: Corp VP & General Counsel 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Robert J. Fleming officer: CVP and Pres. Space Systems 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Roshan S Roeder officer: CVP & Pres. Defense Systems 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Mary A Winston director 557 BROADWAY, C/O SCHOLASTIC CORP, NEW YORK NY 10012
Kimberly A. Ross director C/O AVON PRODUCTS,INC., 1345 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS`, NEW YORK NY 10105-0196
David T Perry officer: CVP Chief Global Bus Dev Off 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Lucy C Ryan officer: Corp VP, Communications 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Michael A Hardesty officer: Corp VP, Controller & CAO 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Thomas H Jones officer: CVP & Pres Aeronautics Systems 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Mary D Petryszyn officer: CVP, Pres, Defense Systems 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Sheila C. Cheston officer: Corp. VP & General Counsel C/O NORTHROP GRUMMAN CORPORATION, 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Stephen F. O'bryan officer: CVP Global Bus Dev Officer 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042
Arvind Krishna director IBM CORPORATION, ONE NEW ORCHARD RD, ARMONK NY 10504-1722
Wilson Thomas L Jr officer: CVP and Pres. Space Systems 2980 FAIRVIEW PARK DRIVE, FALLS CHURCH VA 22042